Bari, A and Robbins, TW (2013) Inhibition and impulsivity: behavioral and neural basis of response control. Progress in Neurobiology 108, 44–79.
Beatty, WW, Katzung, VM, Moreland, VJ and Nixon, SJ (1995) Neuropsychological performance of recently abstinent alcoholics and cocaine abusers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 37, 247–253.
Bechara, A (2007) Iowa Gambling Task Professional Manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
Bechara, A, Damasio, AR, Damasio, H and Anderson, SW (1994) Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition 50, 7–15.
Businelle, MS, Kendzor, DE, Rash, CJ, Patterson, SM, Coffey, SF and Copeland, AL (2009) Heavy smokers perform more poorly than nonsmokers on a simulated task of gambling. Substance Use & Misuse 44, 905–914.
Buss, AH and Perry, M (1992) The aggression questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 63, 452–459.
Carver, CS and White, TL (1994) Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: the BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 67, 319–333.
Clark, LA (1993) Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota.
Clark, LA and Watson, D (2008) Temperament: an organizing paradigm for trait psychology. In John, OP, Robins, RW and Perkvin, LA (eds), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 265–286.
Cloninger, CR, Przybeck, TR and Svrakic, DM (1991) The tridimensional personality questionnaire: U.S. normative data. Psychological Reports 69, 1047–1057.
Cloninger, CR, Svrakic, DM and Przybeck, TR (1993) A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Archives of General Psychiatry 50, 975–990.
Coccaro, EF, Berman, ME and Kavoussi, RJ (1997) Assessment of life history of aggression: development and psychometric characteristics. Psychiatry Research 73, 147–157.
Coffey, SF, Gudleski, GD, Saladin, ME and Brady, KT (2003) Impulsivity and rapid discounting of delayed hypothetical rewards in cocaine-dependent individuals. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 11, 18–25.
Costa, PT and McCrae, RR (1992) Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Cox, WM, Fadardi, JS and Pothos, EM (2006) The addiction-stroop test: theoretical considerations and procedural recommendations. Psychological Bulletin 132, 443.
Crean, JP, de Wit, H and Richards, JB (2000) Reward discounting as a measure of impulsive behavior in a psychiatric outpatient population. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 8, 155–162.
Creswell, KG, Chung, T, Wright, AGC, Black, JJ, Clark, DB and Martin, CS (2015) Personality, negative affect coping, and drinking alone: a structural equation modeling approach to examine correlates of adolescent solitary drinking. Addiction 110, 775–783.
Creswell, KG, Bachrach, RL, Wright, AGC, Pinto, A and Ansell, E (2016) Predicting problematic alcohol use with the DSM-5 alternative model of personality pathology. Personality Disorders: Treatment, Research, and Theory 7, 103–111.
Cyders, MA and Coskunpinar, A (2011) Measurement of constructs using self-report and behavioral lab tasks: is there overlap in nomothetic span and construct representation for impulsivity? Clinical Psychology Review 31, 965–982.
Cyders, MA and Coskunpinar, A (2012) The relationship between self-report and lab task conceptualizations of impulsivity. Journal of Research in Personality 46, 121–124.
Cyders, MA and Smith, GT (2007) Mood-based rash action and its components: positive and negative urgency. Personality and Individual Differences 43, 839–850.
Cyders, MA, Smith, GT, Spillane, NS, Fischer, S, Annus, AM and Peterson, C (2007) Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment 19, 107–118.
de Wit, H, Flory, JD, Acheson, A, McCloskey, M and Manuck, SB (2007) IQ and nonplanning impulsivity are independently associated with delay discounting in middle-aged adults. Personality and Individual Differences 42, 111–121.
Depue, RA and Collins, PF (1999) Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22, 491–517.
DeYoung, CG (2010) Impulsivity as a personality trait. In Vohs, KD and Baumeister, RF (eds), Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications. New York, NY: Guilford Press, pp. 485–502.
Dick, DM, Smith, G, Olausson, P, Mitchell, SH, Leeman, RF, O'Malley, SS and Sher, K (2010) Understanding the construct of impulsivity and its relationship to alcohol use disorders. Addiction Biology 15, 217–226.
Dougherty, DM, Bjork, JM, Huckabee, HC, Moeller, FG and Swann, AC (1999) Laboratory measures of aggression and impulsivity in women with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatry Research 85, 315–326.
Dougherty, DM, Mathias, CW, Marsh, DM and Jagar, AA (2005) Laboratory behavioral measures of impulsivity. Behavior Research Methods 37, 82–90.
Eaton, NR, Krueger, RF, Keyes, KM, Skodol, AE, Markon, KE, Grant, BF and Hasin, DS (2011) Borderline personality disorder co-morbidity: relationship to the internalizing-externalizing structure of common mental disorders. Psychological Medicine 41, 1041–1050.
Eysenck, H and Eysenck, MW (1985) Personality and Individual Differences: A Natural Science Approach. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
Eysenck, SBG and Eysenck, HJ (1977) The place of impulsiveness in a dimensional system of personality. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 16, 57–68.
First, M, Spitzer, R, Gibbon, M and Williams, J (2002) Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-Patient Edition (SCID-I/NP). New York, NY: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Flory, JD, Harvey, PD, Mitropoulou, V, New, AS, Silverman, JM, Siever, LJ and Manuck, SB (2006) Dispositional impulsivity in normal and abnormal samples. Journal of Psychiatric Research 40, 438–447.
Friedman, NP, Miyake, A, Robinson, JL and Hewitt, JK (2011) Developmental trajectories in toddlers’ self-restraint predict individual differences in executive functions 14 years later: a behavioral genetic analysis. Developmental Psychology 47, 1410–1430.
Golden, JC (1978) Stroop Color and Word Test. Chicago, IL: Stoelting Company.
Grant, B, Stinson, F, Dawson, D, Chou, S, Ruan, W and Pickering, R (2006) Co-occurrence of 12-month alcohol and drug use disorders and personality disorders in the United States: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Alcohol Research & Health 29, 121–130.
Halder, I, Marsland, AL, Cheong, J, Muldoon, MF, Ferrell, RE and Manuck, SB (2010) Polymorphisms in the CRP gene moderate an association between depressive symptoms and circulating levels of C-reactive protein. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 24, 160–167.
Harmsen, H, Bischof, G, Brooks, A, Hohagen, F and Rumpf, HJ (2006) The relationship between impaired decision-making, sensation seeking and readiness to change in cigarette smokers. Addictive Behaviors 31, 581–592.
Heath, AC, Cloninger, CR and Martin, NG (1994) Testing a model for the genetic structure of personality: a comparison of the personality systems of Cloninger and Eysenck. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 66, 762–775.
Heaton, KR, Chelune, GJ, Talley, JL, Kay, GG and Curtiss, G (1993) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Manual: Revised and Expanded. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Hoffman, WF, Moore, M, Templin, R, McFarland, B, Hitzemann, RJ and Mitchell, SH (2006) Neuropsychological function and delay discounting in methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Psychopharmacology 188, 162–170.
Jahng, S, Trull, TJ, Wood, PK, Tragesser, SL, Tomko, R, Grant, JD, Bucholz, KK and Sher, KJ (2011) Distinguishing general and specific personality disorder features and implications for substance dependence comorbidity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 120, 656–669.
Johnson, SL, Tharp, JA, Peckham, AD, Carver, CS and Haase, CM (2017) A path model of different forms of impulsivity with externalizing and internalizing psychopathology: towards greater specificity. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 56, 235–252.
Kirby, KN, Petry, NM and Bickel, WK (1999) Heroin addicts have higher discount rates for delayed rewards than non-drug-using control. Journal of Experimental Psychology 128, 78–87.
Kotov, R, Krueger, RF, Watson, D, Achenbach, TM, Althoff, RR, Bagby, RM, Brown, TA, Carpenter, WT, Caspi, A, Clark, LA and Eaton, NR (2017) The hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP): a dimensional alternative to traditional nosologies. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 126, 454–477.
Krueger, RF, Hicks, BM, Patrick, CJ, Carlson, SR, Iacono, WG and McGue, M (2002) Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: modeling the externalizing spectrum. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 111, 411–424.
Loeber, R, Menting, B, Lynam, DR, Moffitt, TE, Stouthamer-Loeber, M, Stallings, R, Farrington, DP and Pardini, D (2012) Findings from the Pittsburgh youth study: cognitive impulsivity and intelligence as predictors of the age-crime curve. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 51, 1136–1149.
Logan, GD (1994) On the ability to inhibit thought and action: a users’ guide to the stop signal paradigm. In Dagenbach, D and Carr, TH (eds), Inhibitory Processes in Attention, Memory, and Language. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 189–239.
Luyten, P and Blatt, SJ (2013) Interpersonal relatedness and self-definition in normal and disrupted personality development: retrospect and prospect. American Psychologist 68, 172–183.
Lynam, DR, Smith, GT, Whiteside, SP and Cyders, MA (2006) The UPPS-P: Assessing Five Personality Pathways to Impulsive Behavior. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.
Manuck, SB, Flory, JD, McCaffery, JM, Matthews, KA, Mann, JJ and Muldoon, MF (1998) Aggression, impulsivity, and central nervous system serotonergic responsivity in a nonpatient sample. Neuropsychopharmacology 19, 287–299.
Markon, KE, Krueger, RF and Watson, D (2005) Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88, 139–157.
Marsland, AL, Gianaros, PJ, Kuan, DCH, Sheu, LK, Krajina, K and Manuck, SB (2015) Brain morphology links systemic inflammation to cognitive function in midlife adults. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 48, 195–204.
McCloskey, MS, New, AS, Siever, LJ, Goodman, M, Koenigsberg, HW, Flory, JD and Coccaro, EF (2009) Evaluation of behavioral impulsivity and aggression tasks as endophenotypes for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research 43, 1036–1048.
Mitchell, SH (1999) Measures of impulsivity in cigarette smokers and non-smokers. Psychopharmacology 146, 455–464.
Miyake, A and Friedman, NP (2012) The nature and organization of individual differences in executive functions: four general conclusions. Current Directions in Psychological Science 21, 8–14.
Miyake, A, Friedman, NP, Emerson, MJ, Witzki, AH and Howerter, A (2000) The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “Frontal Lobe” tasks: a latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology 41, 49–100.
Morey, LC, Hopwood, CJ, Markowitz, JC, Gunderson, JG, Grilo, CM, McGlashan, TH, Shea, MT, Yen, S, Sanislow, CA, Ansell, EB and Skodol, AE (2012) Comparison of alternative models for personality disorders, II: 6-, 8- and 10-year follow-up. Psychological Medicine 42, 1705–1713.
Muthén, LK and Muthén, BO (1998–2012) Mplus User's Guide, 7th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Nigg, JT (2000) On inhibition/disinhibition in developmental psychopathology: views from cognitive and personality psychology and a working inhibition taxonomy. Psychological Bulletin 126, 220–246.
Patrick, CJ, Curtin, JJ and Tellegen, A (2002) Development and validation of a brief form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment 14, 150–163.
Patton, JH, Stanford, MS and Barratt, ES (1995) Factor structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology 51, 768–774.
Perkins, ER, Yancey, JR, Drislane, LE, Venables, NC, Balsis, S and Patrick, CJ (2017) Methodological issues in the use of individual brain measures to index trait liabilities: the example of noise-probe P3. International Journal of Psychophysiology 111, 145–155.
Pilkonis, PA, Kim, Y, Proietti, JM and Barkham, M (1996) Scales for personality disorders developed from the inventory of interpersonal problems. Journal of Personality Disorders 10, 355–369.
Reynolds, B, Ortengren, A, Richards, JB and de Wit, H (2006) Dimensions of impulsive behavior: personality and behavioral measures. Personality and Individual Differences 40, 305–315.
Rose, SA, Feldman, JF and Jankowski, JJ (2011) Modeling a cascade of effects: the role of speed and executive functioning in preterm/full-term differences in academic achievement. Developmental Science 14, 1161–1175.
Rosselli, M and Ardila, A (1996) Cognitive effects of cocaine and polydrug abuse. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 18, 122–135.
Sharma, L, Kohl, K, Morgan, TA and Clark, LA (2013) “Impulsivity”: relations between self-report and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 104, 559.
Sharma, L, Markon, KE and Clark, LA (2014) Toward a theory of distinct types of “impulsive” behaviors: a meta-analysis of self-report and behavioral measures. Psychological Bulletin 140, 374–408.
Sher, KJ and Trull, TJ (1994) Personality and disinhibitory psychopathology: alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 103, 92–102.
Slutske, WS, Heath, AC, Madden, PAF, Bucholz, KK, Statham, DJ and Martin, NG (2002) Personality and the genetic risk for alcohol dependence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 111, 124–133.
Smith, GT, Fischer, S, Cyders, MA, Annus, AM, Spillane, NS and McCarthy, DM (2007) On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits. Assessment 14, 155–170.
Spielberger, CD (1988) Manual for the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Sweitzer, MM, Donny, EC, Dierker, LC, Flory, JD and Manuck, SB (2008) Delay discounting and smoking: association with the Fagerström test for Nicotine dependence but not cigarettes smoked per day. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 10, 1571–1575.
Tellegen, A and Waller, NG (2008) Exploring personality through test construction: development of the multidimensional personality questionnaire. In Boyle, GJ, Matthews, G and Saklofske, DH (eds), Personality Measurement and Testing: The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, pp. 261–292.
VanderBroek-Stice, L, Stojek, MK, Beach, SR, vanDellen, MR and MacKillop, J (2017) Multidimensional assessment of impulsivity in relation to obesity and food addiction. Appetite 112, 59–68.
Vaughan, L and Giovanello, K (2010) Executive function in daily life: age-related influences of executive processes on instrumental activities of daily living. Psychology and Aging 25, 343–355.
Venables, NC, Foell, J, Yancey, JR, Kane, MJ, Engle, RW and Patrick, CJ (2018) Quantifying inhibitory control as externalizing proneness: a cross-domain model. Clinical Psychological Science 6, 561–580.
Verdejo-García, AJ, Perales, JC and Pérez-García, M (2007) Cognitive impulsivity in cocaine and heroin polysubstance abusers. Addictive Behaviors 32, 950–966.
Watson, D and Clark, LA (1993) Behavioral disinhibition versus constraint: a dispositional perspective. In Wegner, DM and Pennebaker, JW (eds), Handbook of Mental Control. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, pp. 506–527.
White, JL, Moffitt, TE, Caspi, A, Bartusch, DJ, Needles, DJ and Stouthamer-Loeber, M (1994) Measuring impulsivity and examining its relationship to delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 103, 192–205.
Whiteside, SP and Lynam, DR (2001) The five factor model and impulsivity: using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences 30, 669–689.
Wright, AGC and Simms, LJ (2014) On the structure of personality disorder traits: conjoint analyses of the CAT-PD, PID-5, and NEO-PI-3 trait models. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment 5, 43–54.
Wright, AGC and Simms, LJ (2015) A metastructural model of mental disorders and pathological personality traits. Psychological Medicine 45, 2309–2319.
Young, SE, Stallings, MC, Corley, RP, Krauter, KS and Hewitt, JK (2000) Genetic and environmental influences on behavioral disinhibition. American Journal of Medical Genetics 96, 684–695.
Young, SE, Friedman, NP, Miyake, A, Willcutt, EG, Corley, RP, Haberstick, BC and Hewitt, JK (2009) Behavioral disinhibition: liability for externalizing spectrum disorders and its genetic and environmental relation to response inhibition across adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 118, 117.
Zuckerman, M (1994) Impulsive unsocialized sensation seeking: the biological foundations of a basic dimension of personality. In Bates, JE and Wachs, TD (eds), Temperament: Individual Differences at the Interface of Biology and Behavior. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, pp. 219–255.
Zuckerman, M, Kolin, EA, Price, L and Zoob, I (1964) Development of a sensation-seeking scale. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 28, 477.