This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
P. N. Augustyniak , S. Kourrich , S. M. Rezazadeh , J. Stewart & A. Arvanitogiannis (2006). Differential behavioral and neurochemical effects of cocaine after early exposure to methylphenidate in an animal model of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behavioural Brain Research 167, 379–382.
R. A. Barkley , M. Fischer , L. Smallish & K. Fletcher (2002). The persistence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 111, 279–289.
R. A. Barkley , M. Fischer , L. Smallish & K. Fletcher (2003). Does the treatment of ADHD with stimulant medication contribute to illicit drug use/abuse? A 13 year prospective study. Pediatrics 111, 97–109.
J. Biederman , T. Wilens , E. Mick , T. Spencer & S. V. Faraone (1999). Pharmacotherapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder reduces risk for substance use disorder. Pediatrics 104, e20.
K. Carroll & B. Rounsaville (1993). History and significance of childhood attention deficit disorder in treatment-seeking cocaine abusers. Comprehensive Psychiatry 34, 75–82.
S. V. Faraone , J. Biederman , T. J. Spencer , E. Mick , K. Murray , C. Petty , J. J. Adamson & M. C. Monuteaux (2006 b). Diagnosing adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: are late onset and subthreshold diagnoses valid? American Journal of Psychiatry 163, 1720–1729.
S. K. Katusic , W. J. Barbaresi , R. C. Colligan , A. L. Weaver , C. L. Leibson & S. J. Jacobsen (2005). Psychostimulant treatment and risk for substance abuse among young adults with a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a population-based, birth cohort study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 15, 764–776.
N. M. Lambert & C. S. Hartsough (1998). Prospective study of tobacco smoking and substance dependencies among samples of ADHD and non-ADHD participants. Journal of Learning Disabilities 31, 533–544.
J. F. Leckman , D. Sholomskas , D. Thompson , A. Belanger & M. M. Weissman (1982). Best estimate of lifetime psychiatric diagnosis: a methodological study. Archives of General Psychiatry 39, 879–883.
F. R. Levin , S. Evans & H. D. Kleber (1998). Prevalence of adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder among cocaine abusers seeking treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 52, 15–25.
S. Mannuzza , R. G. Klein , A. Bessler , P. Malloy & M. LaPadula (1993). Adult outcome of hyperactive boys: educational achievement, occupational rank and psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry 50, 565–576.
C. E. Paternite , J. Loney , H. Salisbury & M. A. Whaley (1999). Childhood inattention-overactivity, aggression, and stimulant medication history as predictors of young adult outcomes. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 9, 169–184.
T. Sagvolden , V. A. Russell , H. Aase , E. B. Johansen & M. Farshbaf (2005). Rodent models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry 57, 1239–1247.
H. Schubiner , A. Tzelepis , S. Milberger , N. Lockhart , M. Kruger , B. J. Kelley & E. P. Schoener (2000). Prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder among substance abusers. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 61, 244–251.
J. L. Shifren , G. D. Braunstein , J. A. Simon , P. R. Casson , J. E. Buster , G. P. Redmond , R. E. Burki , E. S. Ginsburg , R. C. Rosen , S. R. Leiblum , K. E. Caramelli & N. A. Mazer (2000). Transdermal testosterone treatment in women with impaired sexual function after oophorectomy. New England Journal of Medicine 343, 682–688.
R. E. Tarter & L. Kirisci (1997). The Drug Use Screening Inventory for adults: psychometric structure and discriminative sensitivity. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 23, 207–219.
G. Weiss , L. Hechtman , T. Milroy & T. Perlman (1985). Psychiatric status of hyperactives as adults: a controlled prospective 15-year follow-up of 63 hyperactive children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 24, 211–220.
T. Wilens (2004). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the substance use disorders: the nature of the relationship, subtypes at risk and treatment issues. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 27, 283–301.
T. Wilens , J. Biederman , A. M. Abrantes & T. J. Spencer (1997). Clinical characteristics of psychiatrically referred adolescent outpatients with substance use disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36, 941–947.
T. Wilens , S. V. Faraone , J. Biederman & S. Gunawardene (2003). Does stimulant therapy of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature. Pediatrics 111, 179–185.