McCabe, Ciara Cowen, Philip J. and Harmer, Catherine J. 2009. NK1 receptor antagonism and the neural processing of emotional information in healthy volunteers. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, Vol. 12, Issue. 09, p. 1261.
Anderson, Michael H. Hardcastle, Chloë Munafò, Marcus R. and Robinson, Emma S. J. 2012. Evaluation of a novel translational task for assessing emotional biases in different species. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 12, Issue. 2, p. 373.
Palmer, Susan M. Crewther, Sheila G. and Carey, Leeanne M. 2015. A Meta-Analysis of Changes in Brain Activity in Clinical Depression. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 8,
Dedovic, Katarina Giebl, Saskia Duchesne, Annie Lue, Sonja D. Andrews, Julie Efanov, Simona Engert, Veronika Beaudry, Thomas Baldwin, Mark W. and Pruessner, Jens C. 2016. Psychological, endocrine, and neural correlates of attentional bias in subclinical depression. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, Vol. 29, Issue. 5, p. 479.
Laeger, Inga Dobel, Christian Dannlowski, Udo Kugel, Harald Grotegerd, Dominik Kissler, Johanna Keuper, Katharina Eden, Annuschka Zwitserlood, Pienie and Zwanzger, Peter 2012. Amygdala responsiveness to emotional words is modulated by subclinical anxiety and depression. Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 233, Issue. 2, p. 508.
Szekely, Akos Silton, Rebecca L. Heller, Wendy Miller, Gregory A. and Mohanty, Aprajita 2016. Differential functional connectivity of rostral anterior cingulate cortex during emotional interference. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, p. nsw137.
Crane, Natania A. Jenkins, Lisanne M. Bhaumik, Runa Dion, Catherine Gowins, Jennifer R. Mickey, Brian J. Zubieta, Jon-Kar and Langenecker, Scott A. 2017. Multidimensional prediction of treatment response to antidepressants with cognitive control and functional MRI. Brain, Vol. 140, Issue. 2, p. 472.
Saunders, Blair and Jentzsch, Ines 2014. Reactive and proactive control adjustments under increased depressive symptoms: Insights from the classic and emotional-face Stroop task. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 67, Issue. 5, p. 884.
Epp, Amanda M. Dobson, Keith S. Dozois, David J.A. and Frewen, Paul A. 2012. A systematic meta-analysis of the Stroop task in depression. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 32, Issue. 4, p. 316.
Wright, Barlow C. 2017. What Stroop tasks can tell us about selective attention from childhood to adulthood. British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 108, Issue. 3, p. 583.
Ye, Ming Qing, Peng Zhang, Ke and Liu, Guangyuan 2016. Altered network efficiency in major depressive disorder. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 16, Issue. 1,
Wei, Luqing Hu, Xiao Zhu, Yajing Yuan, Yonggui Liu, Weiguo and Chen, Hong 2017. Aberrant Intra- and Internetwork Functional Connectivity in Depressed Parkinson’s Disease. Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue. 1,
Beck, Aaron T. Haigh, Emily A. P. and Baber, Kari F. 2012. Biological Underpinnings of the Cognitive Model of Depression: A Prototype for Psychoanalytic Research. The Psychoanalytic Review, Vol. 99, Issue. 4, p. 515.
Hamilton, J. Paul Chen, Michael C. and Gotlib, Ian H. 2013. Neural systems approaches to understanding major depressive disorder: An intrinsic functional organization perspective. Neurobiology of Disease, Vol. 52, p. 4.
Messerotti Benvenuti, Simone Mennella, Rocco Buodo, Giulia and Palomba, Daniela 2017. Frontal Theta Activity as an EEG Correlate of Mood-Related Emotional Processing in Dysphoria. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, Vol. 39, Issue. 2, p. 241.
Cohen, Dale J. Barker, Katherine A. and White, Madeline R. 2017. A standardized list of affect-related life events. Behavior Research Methods,
Chung, Yeunjoo and Jeglic, Elizabeth L. 2016. Use of the Modified Emotional Stroop Task to Detect Suicidality in College Population. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 55.
Stinton, Chris Tomlinson, Katie and Estes, Zachary 2012. Examining reports of mental health in adults with Williams syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 144.
Putman, Peter and Berling, Sylvia 2011. Cortisol acutely reduces selective attention for erotic words in healthy young men. Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 36, Issue. 9, p. 1407.
Fournier, Jay C. Chase, Henry W. Greenberg, Tsafrir Etkin, Amit Almeida, Jorge R. Stiffler, Richelle Deckersbach, Thilo Weyandt, Sarah Cooper, Crystal Toups, Marisa Carmody, Tom Kurian, Benji Peltier, Scott Adams, Phillip McInnis, Melvin G. Oquendo, Maria A. McGrath, Patrick J. Fava, Maurizio Weissman, Myrna Parsey, Ramin Trivedi, Madhukar H. and Phillips, Mary L. 2017. Neuroticism and Individual Differences in Neural Function in Unmedicated Major Depression: Findings From the EMBARC Study. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 138.
Wei, Xinhua Shen, Huicong Ren, Jiliang Liu, Wenhua Yang, Ruimeng Liu, Jun Wu, Hongzhen Xu, Xiangdong Lai, Lisha Hu, Jiani Pan, Xiaoping and Jiang, Xinqing 2015. Alteration of spontaneous neuronal activity in young adults with non-clinical depressive symptoms. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Vol. 233, Issue. 1, p. 36.
Schöning, Sonja Zwitserlood, Pienie Engelien, Almut Behnken, Andreas Kugel, Harald Schiffbauer, Hagen Lipina, Katharina Pachur, Christine Kersting, Anette Dannlowski, Udo Baune, Bernhard T. Zwanzger, Peter Reker, Thomas Heindel, Walter Arolt, Volker and Konrad, Carsten 2009. Working-memory fMRI reveals cingulate hyperactivation in euthymic major depression. Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 30, Issue. 9, p. 2746.
Rive, Maria M. van Rooijen, Geeske Veltman, Dick J. .Phillips, Mary L. Schene, Aart H. and Ruhé, Henricus G. 2013. Neural correlates of dysfunctional emotion regulation in major depressive disorder. A systematic review of neuroimaging studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 37, Issue. 10, p. 2529.
Wang, Xiang Öngür, Dost Auerbach, Randy P. and Yao, Shuqiao 2016. Cognitive Vulnerability to Major Depression. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 188.
Schoenberg, Poppy L.A. 2014. The error processing system in major depressive disorder: Cortical phenotypal marker hypothesis. Biological Psychology, Vol. 99, p. 100.
López-Solà, Marina Pujol, Jesus Hernández-Ribas, Rosa Harrison, Ben J Contreras-Rodríguez, Oren Soriano-Mas, Carles Deus, Joan Ortiz, Héctor Menchón, José M Vallejo, Julio and Cardoner, Narcís 2010. Effects of Duloxetine Treatment on Brain Response to Painful Stimulation in Major Depressive Disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology, Vol. 35, Issue. 11, p. 2305.
Groenewold, Nynke A. Opmeer, Esther M. de Jonge, Peter Aleman, André and Costafreda, Sergi G. 2013. Emotional valence modulates brain functional abnormalities in depression: Evidence from a meta-analysis of fMRI studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 37, Issue. 2, p. 152.
Xue, Song Wang, Shanshan Kong, Xia and Qiu, Jiang 2017. Abnormal Neural Basis of Emotional Conflict Control in Treatment-Resistant Depression. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, Vol. 48, Issue. 2, p. 103.
Atkinson, Lauren Sankar, Anjali Adams, Tracey M. and Fu, Cynthia H. Y. 2014. Recent Advances in Neuroimaging of Mood Disorders: Structural and Functional Neural Correlates of Depression, Changes with Therapy, and Potential for Clinical Biomarkers. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 278.
Diener, Carsten Kuehner, Christine Brusniak, Wencke Ubl, Bettina Wessa, Michèle and Flor, Herta 2012. A meta-analysis of neurofunctional imaging studies of emotion and cognition in major depression. NeuroImage, Vol. 61, Issue. 3, p. 677.
Graham, Julia Salimi-Khorshidi, Gholamreza Hagan, Cindy Walsh, Nicholas Goodyer, Ian Lennox, Belinda and Suckling, John 2013. Meta-analytic evidence for neuroimaging models of depression: State or trait?. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 151, Issue. 2, p. 423.
Rohr, Christiane S. Villringer, Arno Solms-Baruth, Carolina van der Meer, Elke Margulies, Daniel S. and Okon-Singer, Hadas 2016. The neural networks of subjectively evaluated emotional conflicts. Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 2234.
Disner, Seth G. Beevers, Christopher G. Haigh, Emily A. P. and Beck, Aaron T. 2011. Neural mechanisms of the cognitive model of depression. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Vol. 12, Issue. 8, p. 467.
Bertocci, M. A. Bebko, G. M. Mullin, B. C. Langenecker, S. A. Ladouceur, C. D. Almeida, J. R. C. and Phillips, M. L. 2012. Abnormal anterior cingulate cortical activity during emotional n-back task performance distinguishes bipolar from unipolar depressed females. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 42, Issue. 07, p. 1417.
Dresler, Thomas Attar, Catherine Hindi Spitzer, Carsten Löwe, Bernd Deckert, Jürgen Büchel, Christian Ehlis, Ann-Christine and Fallgatter, Andreas J. 2012. Neural correlates of the emotional Stroop task in panic disorder patients: An event-related fMRI study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 46, Issue. 12, p. 1627.
Isaac, Linda Vrijsen, Janna N. Eling, Paul van Oostrom, Iris Speckens, Anne and Becker, Eni S. 2012. Verbal and facial-emotional Stroop tasks reveal specific attentional interferences in sad mood. Brain and Behavior, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 74.
Burkhouse, Katie L. Kujawa, Autumn Keenan, Kate Klumpp, Heide Fitzgerald, Kate D. Monk, Christopher S. and Phan, K. Luan 2017. The relation between parent depressive symptoms and neural correlates of attentional control in offspring: A preliminary study. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Vol. 263, p. 26.
Fu, Cynthia HY Costafreda, Sergi G Sankar, Anjali Adams, Tracey M Rasenick, Mark M Liu, Peng Donati, Robert Maglanoc, Luigi A Horton, Paul and Marangell, Lauren B 2015. Multimodal functional and structural neuroimaging investigation of major depressive disorder following treatment with duloxetine. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,
Garcia, Ronald G. Valenza, Gaetano Tomaz, Carlos and Barbieri, Riccardo 2016. Relationship between cardiac vagal activity and mood congruent memory bias in major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 190, p. 19.
Mutic, Smiljana Brünner, Yvonne F. Rodriguez-Raecke, Rea Wiesmann, Martin and Freiherr, Jessica 2017. Chemosensory danger detection in the human brain: Body odor communicating aggression modulates limbic system activation. Neuropsychologia, Vol. 99, p. 187.
Boulougouris, Vasileios Malogiannis, Ioannis Lockwood, George Zervas, Iannis and Di Giovanni, Giuseppe 2013. Serotonergic modulation of suicidal behaviour: integrating preclinical data with clinical practice and psychotherapy. Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 230, Issue. 4, p. 605.
Eugène, Fanny Joormann, Jutta Cooney, Rebecca E. Atlas, Lauren Y. and Gotlib, Ian H. 2010. Neural correlates of inhibitory deficits in depression. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Vol. 181, Issue. 1, p. 30.
Reynolds, Michael G. and Langerak, Robin M. 2015. Emotional Stroop Dilution: The boundary conditions of attentional capture by threat words. Acta Psychologica, Vol. 159, p. 108.
Isaac, Linda Vrijsen, Janna N. Rinck, Mike Speckens, Anne and Becker, Eni S. 2014. Shorter gaze duration for happy faces in current but not remitted depression: Evidence from eye movements. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 218, Issue. 1-2, p. 79.
Goldstein, R. Z. Woicik, P. A. Maloney, T. Tomasi, D. Alia-Klein, N. Shan, J. Honorio, J. Samaras, D. Wang, R. Telang, F. Wang, G.-J. and Volkow, N. D. 2010. Oral methylphenidate normalizes cingulate activity in cocaine addiction during a salient cognitive task. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue. 38, p. 16667.
Henckens, Marloes J. A. G. Klumpers, Floris Everaerd, Daphne Kooijman, Sabine C. van Wingen, Guido A. and Fernández, Guillén 2016. Interindividual differences in stress sensitivity: basal and stress-induced cortisol levels differentially predict neural vigilance processing under stress. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 663.
Chechko, Natalia Augustin, Marc Zvyagintsev, Michael Schneider, Frank Habel, Ute and Kellermann, Thilo 2013. Brain circuitries involved in emotional interference task in major depression disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 149, Issue. 1-3, p. 136.
Greening, Steven G. Osuch, Elizabeth A. Williamson, Peter C. and Mitchell, Derek G.V. 2013. Emotion-related brain activity to conflicting socio-emotional cues in unmedicated depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 150, Issue. 3, p. 1136.
Beblo, Thomas Sinnamon, Grant and Baune, Bernhard T. 2011. Specifying the Neuropsychology of Affective Disorders: Clinical, Demographic and Neurobiological Factors. Neuropsychology Review, Vol. 21, Issue. 4, p. 337.
Belzung, Catherine Willner, Paul and Philippot, Pierre 2015. Depression: from psychopathology to pathophysiology. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 30, p. 24.
Pizzagalli, Diego A 2011. Frontocingulate Dysfunction in Depression: Toward Biomarkers of Treatment Response. Neuropsychopharmacology, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 183.
Kaiser, Roselinde H. Andrews-Hanna, Jessica R. Spielberg, Jeffrey M. Warren, Stacie L. Sutton, Bradley P. Miller, Gregory A. Heller, Wendy and Banich, Marie T. 2015. Distracted and down: neural mechanisms of affective interference in subclinical depression. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 10, Issue. 5, p. 654.
Peters, Sabine Cleare, Anthony J. Papadopoulos, Andrew and Fu, Cynthia H.Y. 2011. Cortisol responses to serial MRI scans in healthy adults and in depression. Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 36, Issue. 5, p. 737.
Chung, Yeunjoo and Jeglic, Elizabeth L. 2017. Detecting Suicide Risk Among College Students: A Test of the Predictive Validity of the Modified Emotional Stroop Task. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 47, Issue. 4, p. 398.
Huang, He Movellan, Javier Paulus, Martin P. Harlé, Katia M. and van den Bos, Ruud 2015. The Influence of Depression on Cognitive Control: Disambiguating Approach and Avoidance Tendencies. PLOS ONE, Vol. 10, Issue. 11, p. e0143714.
Matsubara, Toshio Matsuo, Koji Nakashima, Mami Nakano, Masayuki Harada, Kenichiro Watanuki, Toshio Egashira, Kazuteru and Watanabe, Yoshifumi 2014. Prefrontal activation in response to emotional words in patients with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. NeuroImage, Vol. 85, p. 489.
Marchetti, Igor Koster, Ernst H. W. Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J. and De Raedt, Rudi 2012. The Default Mode Network and Recurrent Depression: A Neurobiological Model of Cognitive Risk Factors. Neuropsychology Review, Vol. 22, Issue. 3, p. 229.
Kanske, Philipp and Kotz, Sonja A. 2013. Reprint of “Effortful control, depression, and anxiety correlate with the influence of emotion on executive attentional control”. Biological Psychology, Vol. 92, Issue. 3, p. 456.
Stolicyn, Aleks Steele, J. Douglas and Seriès, Peggy 2017. Conditioned task-set competition: Neural mechanisms of emotional interference in depression. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 269.
Goldstein, R. Z. Alia-Klein, N. Tomasi, D. Carrillo, J. H. Maloney, T. Woicik, P. A. Wang, R. Telang, F. and Volkow, N. D. 2009. Anterior cingulate cortex hypoactivations to an emotionally salient task in cocaine addiction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue. 23, p. 9453.
Crane, Natania A. Jenkins, Lisanne M. Dion, Catherine Meyers, Kortni K. Weldon, Anne L. Gabriel, Laura B. Walker, Sara J. Hsu, David T. Noll, Douglas C. Klumpp, Heide Phan, K. Luan Zubieta, Jon-Kar and Langenecker, Scott A. 2016. Comorbid anxiety increases cognitive control activation in Major Depressive Disorder. Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 33, Issue. 10, p. 967.
Wittfoth, M. Schroder, C. Schardt, D. M. Dengler, R. Heinze, H.-J. and Kotz, S. A. 2010. On Emotional Conflict: Interference Resolution of Happy and Angry Prosody Reveals Valence-Specific Effects. Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 383.
Jaworska, Natalia Yang, Xiao-Ru Knott, Verner and MacQueen, Glenda 2015. A review of fMRI studies during visual emotive processing in major depressive disorder. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 16, Issue. 7, p. 448.
Foland-Ross, Lara C. Hamilton, J. Paul Joormann, Jutta Berman, Marc G. Jonides, John and Gotlib, Ian H. 2013. The Neural Basis of Difficulties Disengaging From Negative Irrelevant Material in Major Depression. Psychological Science, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 334.
Song, Sensen Zilverstand, Anna Song, Hongwen d’Oleire Uquillas, Federico Wang, Yongming Xie, Chao Cheng, Li and Zou, Zhiling 2017. The influence of emotional interference on cognitive control: A meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies using the emotional Stroop task. Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue. 1,
Langenecker, Scott A. Jacobs, Rachel H. and Passarotti, Alessandra M. 2014. Current Neural and Behavioral Dimensional Constructs Across Mood Disorders. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 144.
Li, Haijiang Wei, Dongtao Sun, Jiangzhou Zhang, Qinglin and Qiu, Jiang 2017. Fronto-Limbic Alterations in Negatively Biased Attention in Young Adults with Subthreshold Depression. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 8,
Kanske, Philipp and Kotz, Sonja A. 2012. Effortful control, depression, and anxiety correlate with the influence of emotion on executive attentional control. Biological Psychology, Vol. 91, Issue. 1, p. 88.
Herwig, U. Brühl, A. B. Kaffenberger, T. Baumgartner, T. Boeker, H. and Jäncke, L. 2010. Neural correlates of ‘pessimistic’ attitude in depression. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 40, Issue. 05, p. 789.
Strand, Mari Oram, Mike W. and Hammar, Åsa 2013. Emotional Information Processing in Major Depression Remission and Partial Remission: Faces Come First. Applied Neuropsychology, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 110.
A mood-congruent sensitivity towards negative stimuli has been associated with development and maintenance of major depressive disorder (MDD). The emotional Stroop task assesses interference effects arising from the conflict of emotional expressions consistent with disorder-specific self-schemata and cognitive colour-naming instructions. Functional neuroimaging studies of the emotional Stroop effect advocate a critical involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) during these processes.
Subjects were 17 medication-free individuals with unipolar MDD in an acute depressive episode (mean age 39 years), and 17 age-, gender- and IQ-matched healthy volunteers. In an emotional Stroop task, sad and neutral words were presented in various colours, and subjects were required to name the colour of words whilst undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Overt verbal responses were acquired with a clustered fMRI acquisition sequence.
Individuals with depression showed greater increases in response time from neutral to sad words relative to controls. fMRI data showed a significant engagement of left rostral ACC (BA 32) and right precuneus during sad words in patients relative to controls. Additionally, rostral ACC activation was positively correlated with latencies of negative words in MDD patients. Healthy controls did not have any regions of increased activation compared to MDD patients.
These findings provide evidence for a behavioural and neural emotional Stroop effect in MDD and highlight the importance of the ACC during monitoring of conflicting cognitive processes and mood-congruent processing in depression.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.