Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Objective and subjective memory impairment in pregnancy

  • Peter M. Brindle (a1), Malcolm W. Brown (a1), John Brown (a1), Huw B. Griffith (a1) and Gillian M. Turner (a1)...

Synopsis

Pregnant subjects rated their memories as worse than normal and their ratings differed significantly from controls. Explicit memory tested by both recognition and recall was unimpaired. In contrast, implicit memory was significantly impaired in primigravidae. Impairment in implicit memory correlated with the subjective memory ratings. The dissociation of explicit and implicit memory is discussed.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1 Address for correspondence: Dr M. W. Brown, Department of Anatomy, University of Bristol, School of Medical Sciences, University Walk, Bristol, BS8 1TD.

References

Hide All
Brown, J. (1965). Multiple response evaluation of discrimination. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 18, 125137.
Brown, J. (1974). Recognition assessed by rating and ranking. British Journal of Psychology 65, 1322.
Brown, M. W., Brown, J. & Bowes, J. B. (1989). Absence of priming coupled with substantially preserved recognition of lorazepam-induced amnesia. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 41A, 599617.
Eysenck, M. W. (1982). Attention and Arousal. Springer: Berlin.
Graf, P. & Schacter, D. L. (1985). Implicit and explicit memory for new associations in normal and amnesic subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 11, 501518.
Graf, P., Squire, L. R. & Mandler, G. (1984). The information that amnesics do not forget. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 10, 164178.
Graf, P., Shimamura, A. P. & Squire, L. R. (1985). Priming across modalities and priming across category levels: extending the domain of preserved function in amnesia. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 11, 386396.
Jacoby, L. L. & Witherspoon, D. (1982). Remembering without awareness. Canadian Journal of Psychology 36, 300324.
Knobil, E. & Neill, J. D. (1988). The Physiology of Reproduction. Volume II. Raven Press: New York.
McGaugh, J. L. (1989). Involvement of hormonal and neuromodulatory systems in the regulation of memory storage. Annual Review of Neuroscience 12, 255287.
Martinez, J. L. Jr., Jensen, R. A., Messing, R. B., Rigter, H. & McGaugh, J. L. (1981). Endogenous Modulators of Learning and Memory. Academic Press: New York.
Mayes, A. R. (1988). Human Organic Memory Disorders. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Reading, A. (1983). Psychological Aspects of Pregnancy. Longman: London.
Sahgal, A. (1984). A critique of the vasopressin–memory hypothesis. Psychopharmacology 83, 215228.
Schacter, D. L. (1987). Implicit memory: history and current status. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 13, 501518.
Shimamura, A. P. (1986). Priming effects in amnesia: evidence for a dissociable memory function. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 38A, 619644.
Squire, L. R. (1986). Mechanisms of memory. Science 132, 16121619.
Wolkind, S. & Zajiak, E. (1981). Pregnancy: a Psychological and Social Study. Academic Press: London.
Yerkes, R. M. & Dodson, J. D. (1908). The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology 18, 459482.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed