Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Royal Free Interview for Religious and Spiritual Beliefs: development and standardization

  • M. King (a1), P. Speck (a1) and A. Thomas (a1)
Synopsis
Synopsis

We present the development and standardization of a measure of spiritual, religious and philosophical beliefs. An interview was constructed based on on-going studies by the authors of the nature and strength of belief held by people hospitalized with an acute illness. The interview was tested with three standard populations–staff of a teaching hospital; attenders to an inner city general practice; and people with clearly defined, devout religious beliefs–in order to establish population norms, validity and reliability for each question. The interview performed well with satisfactory validity and high internal and test–retest reliability. It is not presented, however, as a final product which will meet all needs in this complicated area of study. Rather, we have attempted to refine a measure of spiritual and religious belief that might apply to people with a range of personal and public faiths. It is clear that people are able to express these aspects of their lives in a way that can be measured with acceptable reliability and validity. We believe that this interview could, therefore, be applied in any medical, psychological or social setting in which a measure of belief is sought.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr Michael King, University Department of Psychiatry, Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG
References
Hide All
Benson P. L. & Elkin C. H. (1990). Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations. Search Institute: Minneapolis, MN.
Craigie F. C., Liu I. Y., Larson D. B. & Lyons J. S. (1988). A systematic analysis of religious variables in the Journal of Family Practice, 1976–1986. Journal of Family Practice 27, 509513.
Hunsberger B. (1991). Empirical work in the psychology of religion. Canadian Psychology 32, 497504.
King M. B. & Hunt R. A. (1975). Measuring the religious variable: national replication. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 14, 1322.
King M., Speck P. & Thomas A. (1994). Spiritual and religious beliefs in acute illness – is this a feasible area for study? Social Science and Medicine 38, 631636.
Kirschling J. M. & Pittman J. F. (1989). Measurement of spiritual well-being: a hospice care giver sample. Hospice Journal 5, 111.
Larson D. B., Pattison E. M., Blazer D. G., Omran A. R. & Kaplan B. H. (1986). Systematic analysis of research on religious variables in four major psychiatric journals, 1978–1982. American Journal of Psychiatry 143, 329334.
Larson D. B., Thielman S. B., Greenwold M. A., Lyons J. S., Post S.G., Sherrill K. A., Wood G. G. & Larson S. S. (1993). Religious content in the DSM-III-R Glossary of technical terms. American Journal of Psychiatry 150, 18841885.
Lea G. (1982). Religion, mental health and clinical issues. Journal of Religion and Health 21, 336351.
Levin J. S. & Vanderpool H. Y. (1987). Is frequent religious attendance really conducive to better health? Toward an epidemiology of religion. Social Science Medicine 24, 589600.
Paloutzian R. F. & Ellison C. W. (1982). Loneliness, spiritual well-being and quality of life. In Loneliness: A Source-Book of Current Theory, Research, and Therapy (ed. Peplau L. A. and Perlman D.), pp. 224237. John Wiley & Sons: New York.
Pressman P., Lyons J. S., Larson D. B. & Strain J. J. (1990). Religious belief, depression and ambulation status in elderly women with broken hips. American Journal of Psychiatry 147, 758760.
Reed P. G. (1987). Spirituality and well-being in terminally ill hospitalized adults. Research in Nursing and Health 10, 335344.
Sherrill K. A. & Larson D. B. (1988). Adult burn patients, the role of religion in recovery. Southern Medical Journal 81, 821825.
Speck P. W. (1988). Being There: Pastoral Care in Time of Illness. SPCK: London.
Streiner D. L. & Norman G. R. (1989). Health Measurement Scales. A Practical Guide to their Development and Use. Oxford Medical Publications: Oxford.
Weiner E. A. & Stewart B. J. (1984). Assessing Individuals. Little, Brown: Boston.
Williams D. R. (1994). The measurement of religion in epidemiologic studies. In Religion, Aging and Health (ed. Levin J. S.), pp. 125148. Sage: London.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 20 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 139 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.