Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Symptoms of depression in two communities

  • George W. Comstock (a1) and Knud J. Helsing (a1)
Abstract
Synopsis

Histories of depression-related symptoms were obtained from 3845 randomly selected adult residents of Kansas City, Missouri, and Washington County, Maryland. Depressed persons were slightly more common in Kansas City than in Washington County but within the latter area no urban–rural differences were observed. More depressed persons were found among blacks than among whites. Slightly more white females than males were depressed; no significant differences were found between black females and males. After adjustment for the effects of other independent variables, the probability of having symptoms of depression was highest among persons who were young adults, unmarried, not employed outside the home, poorly paid, and not well educated.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr George W. Comstock, Training Center for Public Health Research, Box 2067, Hagerstown, MD 21740, USA
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. M. Babigian , E. A. Gardner , H. C. Miles & J. Romano (1965). Diagnostic consistency in a follow-up study of 1215 patients. American Journal of Psychiatry 121, 895901.

A. T. Beck , C. H. Ward , M. Mendelson , J. Mock & J. Erbaugh (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 4, 561571.

R. C. Benfari , M. Beiser , H. Leighton & C. Mertens (1972). Some dimensions of psychoneurotic behavior in an urban sample. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases 155, 7790.

B. J. Carroll , J. M. Fielding & T. G. Blashki (1973). Depression rating scales. A critical review. Archives of General Psychiatry 28, 361366.

B. Cooper (1966). Psychiatric disorder in hospital and general practice. Social Psychiatry 1, 710.

M. S. Feldstein (1966). A binary variable multiple regression method of analysing factors affecting perinatal mortality and other outcomes of pregnancy. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A 129, part 1, pp. 6173.

C. R. Klimt , W. Wolff , C. Silverman & J. Conant (1961). Calibration of a simplified cortisone glucose tolerance test. Diabetes 10, 351366.

M. Masuda & T. H. Holmes (1967). Magnitude estimates of social readjustments. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 11, 219225.

A. M. Pederson , D. K. Barry & H. M. Babigian (1972). Epidemiologic considerations of psychotic depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 27, 193197.

J. J. Schwab , M. R. Bialow , J. M. Brown & C. E. Holzerh III (1967). Sociocultural aspects of depression in medical inpatients. II. Symptomatology and class. Archives of General Psychiatry 17, 539543.

C. M. Tonks , E. S. Paykel & C. L. Klerman (1970). Clinical depressions among Negroes. American Journal of Psychiatry 127, 329335.

E. H. Uhlenhuth , R. S. Lipman , M. B. Baiter & M. Stern (1974). Symptom intensity and life stress in the city. Archives of General Psychiatry 31, 759764.

G. J. Warheit , C. E. Halzer III & J. J. Schwab (1973). An analysis of social class and racial differences in depressive symptomatology: A community study. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 14, 291299.

W. W. K. Zung (1965). A self-rating depression scale. Archives of General Psychiatry 12, 6370.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 72 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 577 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.