APA (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Asperger H (1991). ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood. In Autism and Asperger Syndrome (ed. Frith U.), pp. 37–92. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Baird G, Simonoff E, Pickles A, Chandler S, Loucas T, Meldrum D, Charman T (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). Lancet 368, 210–215.
Baron-Cohen S, Scott FJ, Allison C, Williams J, Bolton P, Matthews FE, Brayne C (2009). Prevalence of autism-spectrum conditions: UK school-based population study. British Journal of Psychiatry 194, 500–509.
Baron-Cohen S, Wheelwright S, Skinner R, Martin J, Clubley E (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 31, 5–17.
Brugha TS, Bebbington PE, Jenkins R (1999). A difference that matters: comparisons of structured and semi-structured diagnostic interviews of adults in the general population. Psychological Medicine 29, 1013–1020.
Brugha TS, McManus S, Bankart J, Scott F, Purdon S, Smith J, Bebbington P, Jenkins R, Meltzer H (2011). Epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders in adults in the community in England. Archives of General Psychiatry 68, 459–466.
Brugha TS, McManus S, Meltzer H, Smith J, Scott F, Purdon S, Harris J, Meltzer H (2009). Autism Spectrum Disorders in adults living in households throughout England – report from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. The NHS Information Centre: Leeds.
Brugha TS, Meltzer H (2008). Measurement of psychiatric and psychological disorders and outcomes in populations. In International Encyclopedia of Public Health (ed. Heggenhougen K. and Quah S.), pp. 261–272. Academic Press: San Diego.
Brugha TS, Nienhuis FJ (1998). SCAN-SF. A Survey Form of the Present State Examination and SCAN: Supplementary schedule for lay interviewers. World Health Organization: Geneva.
Cichon S, Craddock N, Daly M, Faraone SV, Gejman PV, Kelsoe J, Lehner T, Levinson DF, Moran A, Sklar P, Sullivan PF (2009). Genomewide association studies: history, rationale, and prospects for psychiatric disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 166, 540–556.
Cohen J (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement 20, 37–46.
Elashoff J (1997). nQuery Advisor® Release 2.0. Statistical Solutions: Boston, MA.
Fombonne E (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: an update. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33, 365–382.
Fombonne E (2005). Epidemiology of autistic disorder and other pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 66 (Suppl. 10), 3–8.
Frith U (1991). Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Haro JM, Arbabzadeh-Bouchez S, Brugha TS, de Girolamo G, Guyer ME, Jin R, Lepine JP, Mazzi F, Reneses B, Vilagut G, Sampson NA, Kessler RC (2006). Concordance of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO World Mental Health surveys. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 15, 167–180.
Howlin P, Goode S, Hutton J, Rutter M (2004). Adult outcome for children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 45, 212–229.
Jenkins R, Meltzer H, Bebbington P, Brugha T, Farrell M, McManus S, Singleton N (2009). The British Mental Health Survey Programme: achievements and latest findings. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 44, 899–904.
Kanner L (1943). Autistic disturbance of affective contact. Nervous Child 2, 217–250.
Knapp M, Romeo R, Beecham J (2007). Economic Consequences of Autism in the UK. Mental Health Foundation and Autism Speaks: London.
Lord C, Rutter M, DiLavore PC, Risi S (2002). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. ADOS Manual. Western Psychological Services: Los Angeles.
Lord C, Rutter M, Le Couteur A (1994). Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised: a revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 24, 659–685.
McManus S, Meltzer H, Brugha T, Bebbington P, Jenkins R (2009). Adult Psychiatric Morbidity in England, 2007. Results of a Household Survey. The NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care: London.
McNamee R (2002). Optimal designs of two-stage studies for estimation of sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value. Statistics in Medicine 21, 3609–3625.
WHO (1993). The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research. World Health Organization: Geneva.
Williams JB, Gibbon M, First MB, Spitzer RL, Davies M, Borus J, Howes MJ, Kane J, Pope HGJ, Rounsaville B (1992). The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (SCID). II. Multisite test-retest reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry 49, 630–636.
Wing JK, Babor T, Brugha T, Burke J, Cooper JE, Giel R, Jablensky A, Regier D, Sartorius N (1990). SCAN. Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry. Archives of General Psychiatry 47, 589–593.
Wing L (1997). The autistic spectrum. Lancet 350, 1761–1766.
Wing L, Gould J (1979). Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children: epidemiology and classification. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9, 11–29.
Wing L, Leekam SR, Libby SJ, Gould J, Larcombe M (2002). The Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders: background, inter-rater reliability and clinical use. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 43, 307–325.