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Discovery of the Most Ultra-Luminous QSO Using GAIA, SkyMapper, and WISE

  • Christian Wolf (a1) (a2), Fuyan Bian (a3), Christopher A. Onken (a1) (a2), Brian P. Schmidt (a1) (a2), Patrick Tisserand (a1) (a4), Noura Alonzi (a5) (a6), Wei Jeat Hon (a5) and John L. Tonry (a7)...
Abstract

We report the discovery of the ultra-luminous quasi-stellar object SMSS J215728.21−360215.1 with magnitude z = 16.9 and W4 = 7.42 at redshift 4.75. Given absolute magnitudes of M145, AB = −29.3, M300, AB = −30.12, and logLbol/Lbol, ⊙ = 14.84, it is the quasi-stellar object with the highest unlensed UV-optical luminosity currently known in the Universe. It was found by combining proper-motion data from Gaia DR2 with photometry from SkyMapper DR1 and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. In the GAIA database, it is an isolated single source and thus unlikely to be strongly gravitationally lensed. It is also unlikely to be a beamed source as it is not discovered in the radio domain by either NRAO-VLA Sky Survey or Sydney University Molonglo Southern Survey. It is classed as a weak-emission-line quasi-stellar object and possesses broad absorption line features. A lightcurve from ATLAS spanning the time from 2015 October to 2017 December shows little sign of variability.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
8Email: christian.wolf@anu.edu.au
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Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
  • ISSN: 1323-3580
  • EISSN: 1448-6083
  • URL: /core/journals/publications-of-the-astronomical-society-of-australia
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