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Supernova lightCURVE POPulation Synthesis II: Validation against supernovae with an observed progenitor

  • J. J. Eldridge (a1), N. -Y. Guo (a1), N. Rodrigues (a1), E. R. Stanway (a2) and L. Xiao (a3)...

Abstract

We use the results of a supernova light-curve population synthesis to predict the range of possible supernova light curves arising from a population of single-star progenitors that lead to type IIP supernovae. We calculate multiple models varying the initial mass, explosion energy, nickel mass and nickel mixing and then compare these to type IIP supernovae with detailed light curve data and pre-explosion imaging progenitor constraints. Where a good fit is obtained to observations, we are able to achieve initial progenitor and nickel mass estimates from the supernova lightcurve that are comparable in precision to those obtained from progenitor imaging. For 2 of the 11 IIP supernovae considered our fits are poor, indicating that more progenitor models should be included in our synthesis or that our assumptions, regarding factors such as stellar mass loss rates or the rapid final stages of stellar evolution, may need to be revisited in certain cases. Using the results of our analysis we are able to show that most of the type IIP supernovae have an explosion energy of the order of log(Eexp/ergs) = 50.52 ± 0.10 and that both the amount of nickel in the supernovae and the amount of mixing may have a dependence on initial progenitor mass.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: J. J. Eldridge, E-mail: j.eldridge@auckland.ac.nz

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Keywords

Supernova lightCURVE POPulation Synthesis II: Validation against supernovae with an observed progenitor

  • J. J. Eldridge (a1), N. -Y. Guo (a1), N. Rodrigues (a1), E. R. Stanway (a2) and L. Xiao (a3)...

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