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14C leaching and speciation studies on Irradiated graphite from vandellós I Nuclear Power Plant

  • Enrique Magro (a1), Eva María Márquez (a1), Gabriel Piña (a1), Marina Rodríguez (a1), José Luís Gascón (a1), Esperanza Lara (a1) and Lucía Sevilla (a1)...
Abstract

The understanding of the 14C behavior in waste packages could lead, in the Spanish context, to a revision of the management strategies for radioactive waste and a revaluation of the near surface repository devoted to the disposal of waste containing this radionuclide in high concentrations. To achieve this objective, and in the context of the EU project Carbon-14 Source Term (CAST), the authors of the work presented in this paper have performed leaching experiments with irradiated graphite considering two different scenarios. One, in which the leaching solution simulates some of the expected conditions in a repository where a granite/bentonite mixture has been used as backfill material, and the other, using deionized water as a high efficiency chemical removal agent and for comparison purposes. The analytical approach to measure the release rate and speciation of 14C from irradiated graphite samples in the aqueous and gaseous phase is also described. The main results obtained shows that, after 359 days of leaching, no 14C activity was detected above the detection limits, and only leaching rates regarding beta-gamma emitters were observed: 2×10–6 cm/day for 137Cs and 1×10–5 cm/day for 60Co in granite/bentonite water media and 4×10–6 cm/day for 137Cs in pure water.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: enrique.magro@ciemat.es.
References
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Von Lensa, W, Vulpius, D, Steimetz, H, Girke, N, Bosbach, D, Thomauske, B, Banford, AW, Bradbury, D, Grambow, B, Graves, MJ, Jones, AN, Petit, L, Piña, G. 2011. Treatment and disposal of irradiated graphite and other carbonaceous waste, ATW. International Journal for Nuclear Power April/May 2011. ISSN 1431-5254. Available at http://www.carbowaste.eu/lw_resource/datapool/__pages/pdp_10/CW1103-AtW-final.pdf.
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Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
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