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Determination of the Biobased Content in Plastics by Radiocarbon

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Gianluca Quarta*
Affiliation:
CEDAD-Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Lucio Calcagnile
Affiliation:
CEDAD-Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Massimo Giffoni
Affiliation:
Polynt S.p.A., Via del Pruneto 40, 52027, San Giovanni Valdarno (AR), Italy
Eugenia Braione
Affiliation:
CEDAD-Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Marisa D'Elia
Affiliation:
CEDAD-Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
*
2Corresponding author. Email: gianluca.quarta@unisalento.it.

Abstract

Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon analyses were performed on biobased unsaturated polyester resins in order to assess the potential of the method for the determination of the bio-fraction. Different resins were synthesized in the laboratory with different proportions of raw materials of biogenic origin, and analyzed both in the liquid and in the solid form. As a preliminary step of the study, both the biobased and the fossil-derived raw materials were analyzed in order to determine their 14C content. A comparison of the obtained results with the expected ones allowed us to investigate the potential of the 14C method in this field as well as to address some still open issues such as the levels of uncertainty and accuracy as related to the calculation procedures, the correction for isotopic fractionation, and the effect of the presence of volatile components in the analyzed materials.

Type
Unusual Applications of 14C Measurement
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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