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Diet and Chronology of Neolithic-Eneolithic Cultures (from 6500 to 4700 cal BC) in the Lower Volga Basin

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 October 2018

A Vybornov
Affiliation:
Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education – History and Archaeology, Samara, Russia
M Kulkova*
Affiliation:
Herzen State University – Geology and Geoecology, St.Petersburg, Russia
P Kosintsev
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant & Animal Ecology – Mammals, Yekaterinburg, Russia
V Platonov
Affiliation:
Samarskij nacional’nyj issledovatel’skij universitet imeni akademika S P Koroleva Ringgold standard institution – Chemistry, Samara, Samarskaa oblast’, Russia
S Platonova
Affiliation:
Samarskij nacional’nyj issledovatel’skij universitet imeni akademika S P Koroleva Ringgold standard institution – Chemistry, Samara, Samarskaa oblast’, Russia
B Philippsen
Affiliation:
Aarhus University – Aarhus AMS Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ny Munkegade 120, Aarhus 8000, Denmark
L Nesterova
Affiliation:
Herzen State University – Geology and Geoecology, St.Petersburg, Russia
*
*Corresponding author. Email: kulkova@mail.ru.

Abstract

During the last several years, new multi- and single-layered archaeological sites, in which the most ancient Neolithic pottery in the Eastern Europe had been found, were excavated in the region of Lower Volga. Animal bones and organic materials were sampled from these sites for radiocarbon (14C) dating and diet investigations. The evidence from these studies suggests that the first domestic animals in the Lower Volga region appeared in the Cis-Caspian culture of the Early Eneolithic. Lipid analysis of food crusts from pottery allowed the cooked food to be characterized. The detailed chronology from Neolithic (6500–5400 cal BC) to Eneolithic (5300–4700 cal BC) cultures, as well as the diet of these ancient people, were reconstructed.

Type
Paleodiet Reconstructions and Chronologies
Copyright
© 2018 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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