Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-mrcq8 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-23T02:26:56.029Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Reconstructing Human Subsistence Strategies During the Korean Neolithic: Contributions from Zooarchaeology, Geosciences, and Radiocarbon Dating

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Kidong Bae
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Gyunggi Province, Republic of Korea
Christopher J Bae*
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2424 Maile Way, 346 Saunders Hall, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
Jong Chan Kim
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
*
Corresponding author. Email: cjbae@hawaii.edu.

Abstract

The Neolithic in Korea began around 10,000 BP and is the period when many substantial changes appear in the archaeological record. In particular, one of the important changes is from a subsistence strategy that relied primarily on hunted, fished, and collected food packages to a diet that by the beginning of the Bronze Age (∼3500 BP) saw intensive agriculture as the primary form of sustenance. This paper discusses current research on this topic, in addition to presenting a comprehensive list of raw accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) data from Korean Neolithic sites, particularly data that only became available over the past several years.

Type
Archaeology of Eurasia and Africa
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ahn, SM. 2010. The emergence of rice agriculture in Korea: archaeobotanical perspectives. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 2(2):8998.Google Scholar
An, DI. 1991. A study of the Konam-ri shell middens, Korea [PhD dissertation]. University of London.Google Scholar
An, DI. 1994. Tongsam-dong shell midden and animal remains: focusing on the archaeological data from L. L. Sample's excavation. Journal of the Korean Archaeological Society 31:297340.Google Scholar
Bae, CJ, Bae, KD. 2012. The nature of the Early to Late Paleolithic transition in Korea: current perspectives. Quaternary International 281:2635.Google Scholar
Bae, CJ, Kim, JC. 2010. The Late Paleolithic-Neolithic transition in Korea: current archaeological and radiocarbon perspectives. Radiocarbon 52(2):493–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choe, CP. 1982. The diffusion route and chronology of Korean plant domestication. Journal of Asian Studies 41:1929.Google Scholar
Choe, CP, Bale, MT. 2002. Current perspectives on settlement, subsistence, and cultivation in prehistoric Korea. Arctic Anthropology 39(1–2):96121.Google Scholar
Choy, KC, Richards, MP. 2009. Stable isotope evidence of human diet at the Nukdo shell midden site, South Korea. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(7):1312–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choy, KC, Richards, MR 2010. Isotopic evidence for diet in the Middle Chulmun period: a case study from the Tongsamdong shell midden, Korea. Anthropological and Archaeological Sciences 2(1):110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choy, KC, An, DG, Richards, MP. 2012. Stable isotopic analysis of human and faunal remains from the Incipient Chulmun (Neolithic) shell midden site of Ando Island, Korea. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(7):2091–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crawford, GW, Lee, GA. 2003. Agricultural origins in Korea. Antiquity 77(295):8795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gao, X, Norton, CJ. 2002. A critique of the Chinese “Middle Palaeolithic.” Antiquity 76(392):397412.Google Scholar
Hayden, B. 1990. Nimrods, piscators, pluckers, and planters: the emergence of food production. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 9:3169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, JS. 2003. Land-use conflicts and the rate of the transition to agricultural economy: a comparative study of southern Scandinavia and central-western Korea. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 19(3):277321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, B. 2006. Political economy of wet-rice production in the Bronze Age, central western Korea. Journal of the Korean Archaeological Society 58:4065.Google Scholar
Kim, JC, Bae, CJ. 2010. Radiocarbon dates documenting the Neolithic-Bronze Age transition in Korea. Radiocarbon 52(2–3):483–92.Google Scholar
Kim, JS. 2002. The Late Neolithic-Early Bronze Age transition and cessation of island exploitation in Central-Western Korea: the spread of territoriality into a mobile hunter-gatherer context [PhD dissertation]. Tempe: Arizona State University.Google Scholar
Kim, JS. 2006. Resource patch sharing among foragers: lack of territoriality or strategic choice? In: Grier, C, Kim, JS, Uchiyama, J, editors. Beyond Affluent Foragers: Rethinking Hunter-Gatherer Complexity. Oxford: Oxbow. p 168–91.Google Scholar
Kim, JS. 2008. Socioeconomic implications of storage facilities of the Songgukri period. Journal of the Korean Archaeological Society 67:439.Google Scholar
Kim, JS. 2010. Opportunistic versus target mode: prey choice changes in central-western Korean prehistory. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 29(1):8093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, WY. 1986. Art and Archaeology of Ancient Korea. Seoul: Taekwang Publishing.Google Scholar
Lee, GA. 2011. The transition from foraging to farming in prehistoric Korea. Current Anthropology 52:S307S329.Google Scholar
Lee, JJ. 2001. From shellfish gathering to agriculture in prehistoric Korea: the Chulmun to Mumun transition [PhD dissertation]. Madison: University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar
Lim, S. 2009. The adoption process of agriculture and socioeconomic changes during the Chulmun period in the southern Korean peninsula. In: Ahn, SM, Lee, JJ, editors. New Approaches to Prehistoric Agriculture. Seoul: Sahoi Pyoungnon. p 144–71.Google Scholar
Nelson, SM. 1993. The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ. 1996. Storage and its implications for the advent of rice agriculture in Korea: Konam-ri [MA thesis]. Tucson: University of Arizona.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ. 2000a. Subsistence change at Konam-ri: implications of the advent of rice agriculture in Korea. Journal of Anthropological Research 56(3):325–48.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ. 2000b. The current state of Korean paleoanthropology. Journal of Human Evolution 38:803–25.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ. 2007. Sedentism, territorial circumscription, and the increased use of plant domesticates across Neolithic-Bronze Age Korea. Asian Perspectives 46(1):133–65.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ, Kim, BM, Bae, KD. 1999. Differential processing of fish during the Korean Neolithic: Konam-ri. Arctic Anthropology 36(1–2):151–65.Google Scholar
Norton, CJ, Bae, KD, Lee, HY, Harris, JWK. 2007. A review of Korean microlithic industries. In: Keates, S, Kuzmin, Y, Shen, C, editors. Origin and Spread of Microblade Technology in Northern Asia and North America. Vancouver: Archaeology Press. p 91102.Google Scholar
O'Brien, MJ, Laland, KN. 2012. Genes, culture, and agriculture: an example of human niche construction. Current Anthropology 53(4):434–70.Google Scholar
Price, TD, Bar-Yosef, O. 2012. The origins of agriculture: new data, new ideas. Current Anthropology 52(4):S163S174.Google Scholar
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.Google Scholar
Rhee, SN, Choi, ML. 1992. Emergence of complex society in prehistoric Korea. Journal of World Prehistory 6(1):5195.Google Scholar
Sample, LL. 1974. Tongsamdong: a contribution to Korean Neolithic culture history. Arctic Anthropology 11(2):1125.Google Scholar
Seong, CT. 2007. Late Pleistocene microlithic assemblages in Korea. In: Keates, S, Kuzmin, Y, Shen, C, editors. Origin and Spread of Microblade Technology in Northern Asia and North America. Vancouver: Archaeology Press. p 103–14.Google Scholar
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ. 1993. Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration program. Radiocarbon 35(1):215–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zeder, MA. 2012. The broad spectrum revolution at 40: resource diversity, intensification, and an alternative to optimal foraging explanations. Journal of Anthropology Archaeology 31(3):241–4.Google Scholar