Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Age Determination of Fossil Bones from the Vindija Neanderthal Site in Croatia

  • Eva Maria Wild (a1), Maja Paunovic (a2), Gernot Rabeder (a3), Ilse Steffan (a4) and Peter Steier (a1)...
Abstract

Vindija cave in Croatia is famous for the Neanderthal bones found in layer G of its sediment profile. Radiocarbon dating has been performed mainly on this layer due to the great interest in its fossils. In addition to Neanderthal remains, the sediment in layer G contains bones from the cave bear. Cave bear bones are found also in other layers of the sediment profile and offer the possibility of studying the bears' evolutionary mode. Therefore, we tried to determine the time span covered by the entire profile. The U/Th age determination method was applied to cave bear bones from different layers of the profile. For the younger part of the profile, the U/Th ages were compared with the results of the 14C and the amino-acid racemization method. The agreement of the different methods indicates that closed-system behavior can be assumed for the fossil bones from Vindija cave. From this finding it may be deduced that bones from the lower sediment layers are also closed systems and that the U/Th ages of these layers are reliable. This conclusion is corroborated by the stratigraphy of the cave profile.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Age Determination of Fossil Bones from the Vindija Neanderthal Site in Croatia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Age Determination of Fossil Bones from the Vindija Neanderthal Site in Croatia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Age Determination of Fossil Bones from the Vindija Neanderthal Site in Croatia
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Email: Eva.Maria.Wild@univie.ac.at.
References
Hide All
Barton, RNE, Currant, AP, Fernandez-Yalvo, Y, Finlayson, JC, Goldberg, P, Macphail, R, Pettitt, PB, Stringer, CB. 1999. Gibraltar Neanderthals and results of recent excavations in Gorham's, Vanguard and Ibex Caves. Antiquity 73:1323.
Beck, JW, Richards, DA, Edwards, RL, Silverman, BW, Smart, PL, Donahue, DJ, Hererra-Osterheld, S, Burr, GS, Calsoyas, L, Jull, AJT, Biddulph, D. 2001. Extremely large variations of atmospheric C–14 concentration during the last glacial period. Science 292(5526):2453–8.
Bischoff, JL, Fitzpatrick, JA. 1991. U-series dating of impure carbonates: an isochron technique using total-sample dissolution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55:543–54.
Hedges, REM, van Klinken, GJ. 1992. A review of current approaches in the pretreatment of bone for dating by AMS. Radiocarbon 34(3):279–91.
Hille, P. 1979. An open system model for uranium series dating. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 42:138–42.
Karavanić, I. 1995. Upper Paleolithic occupation levels and late-occurring Neandertal at Vindija cave (Croatia) in the Context of Central Europe and the Balkans. Journal of Anthropological Research 51:935.
Ivanovich, M, Harmon, RS, editors. 1988. Uranium series disequilibrium. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p 302–25.
Kitagawa, H, van der Plicht, J. 1998. Atmospheric radiocarbon calibration to 45,000 yr BP: Late Glacial fluctuations and cosmogenic isotope production. Science 279:1187–90.
Krings, M, Capelli, C, Tschentscher, F, Geisert, H, Meyer, S, von Haeseler, A, Grosschmidt, K, Possnert, G, Paunović, M, Pääbo, S. 2000. Neandertal mtDNA diversity. Nature Genetics 26(2):144–6.
Leitner-Wild, E, Steffan, I. 1993. Uranium series dating of fossil bones from alpine caves. Archaeometry 35:137–46.
Malez, M, Rukavina, D. 1979. Položaj naslaga spilje Vindije u sustava članjenja kvartara šireg područja alpa. Rad. Jugosl. akad. znan. umjetn. 383:187218. In Croatian.
Malez, M, Šimunić;, An, Šimunić;, Al. 1984. Geološki, sedimentološkii i paleoklimatski odnosi spilje Vindija i bliže okolice. Rad. Jugosl. akad znan. umjetn. 411:231–64. In Creation.
Millard, AR, Hedges, REM. 1996. A diffusion-adsorption model of uranium uptake by archaeological bone. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60(12):2139–52.
Obelić, B, Horvatinčić, N, Srdoč, D, Krajcar Bronić, I, Sliepčevic, A. 1994. Rudjer Boskovic Institute radiocarbon measurements XIII. Radiocarbon 36(2):303.
Ovchinnikov, IV, Götherström, A, Romanova, GP, Kharitonov, VM, Lidén, K, Goodwin, W. 2000. Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature 404:490–3.
Rea, AM, Ivanovich, M. 1986. Successful application of uranium series dating of fossil bone. Applied Geochemistry 1:419–26.
Smith, FH, Trinkaus, E, Pettitt, PB, Karavanic, I, Paunovic, M. 1999. Direct radiocarbon dates for Vindija G1 and Velika Pećina Late Pleistocene hominid remains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96:12,281–6.
Srdoč, D, Obelić, B, Horvatinčić, N, Krajcar, I, Sliepčevic, A. 1984. Rudjer Boskovic Institute Radiocarbon Measurements VIII. Radiocarbon 26(3):449
Srdoč, D., Sliepčevic, A., Obelić, B., Horvatinčić, N. 1979. Rudjer Boskovic Institute radiocarbon measurements V. Radiocarbon 21(1):131.
Stuiver, M, van der Plicht, J, editors. 1998. INTCAL98 calibration issue. Radiocarbon 40(3).
van der Plicht, J. 1999. Radiocarbon calibration of the Middle/Upper Palaeolithic: a comment. Antiquity 73: 119–23.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed