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An Online Application for ΔR Calculation

  • Ron W Reimer (a1) and Paula J Reimer (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

A regional offset (ΔR) from the marine radiocarbon calibration curve is widely used in calibration software (e.g. CALIB, OxCal) but often is not calculated correctly. While relatively straightforward for known-age samples, such as mollusks from museum collections or annually banded corals, it is more difficult to calculate ΔR and the uncertainty in ΔR for 14C dates on paired marine and terrestrial samples. Previous researchers have often utilized classical intercept methods that do not account for the full calibrated probability distribution function (pdf). Recently, Soulet (2015) provided R code for calculating reservoir ages using the pdfs, but did not address ΔR and the uncertainty in ΔR. We have developed an online application for performing these calculations for known-age, paired marine and terrestrial 14C dates and U-Th dated corals. This article briefly discusses methods that have been used for calculating ΔR and the uncertainty and describes the online program deltar, which is available free of charge.

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*Corresponding authors. Emails: r.reimer@qub.ac.uk; p.j.reimer@qub.ac.uk.
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Selected Papers from the 8th Radiocarbon & Archaeology Symposium, Edinburgh, UK, 27 June–1 July 2016

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E Alves , K Macario , R Souza , A Pimenta , K Douka , F Oliveira , I Chanca , R Angulo . 2015. Radiocarbon reservoir corrections on the Brazilian coast from pre-bomb marine shells. Quaternary Geochronology 29:3035.

C Bronk Ramsey , RA Staff , CL Bryant , F Brock , H Kitagawa , J van der Plicht , G Schlolaut , MH Marshall , A Brauer , HF Lamb , RL Payne , PE Tarasov , T Haraguchi , K Gotanda , H Yonenobu , Y Yokoyama , R Tada , T Nakagawa . 2012. A complete terrestrial radiocarbon record for 11.2 to 52.8 kyr BP. Science 338(6105):370374.

G Dewar , PJ Reimer , J Sealy , S Woodborne . 2012. Late-Holocene marine radiocarbon reservoir correction (ΔR) for the west coast of South Africa. The Holocene 22(12):14811489.

KD Macario , RCCL Souza , OA Aguilera , C Carvalho , FM Oliveira , EQ Alves , IS Chanca , EP Silva , K Douka , J Decco , DC Trindade , AN Marques , RM Anjos , FC Pamplona . 2015. Marine reservoir effect on the Southeastern coast of Brazil: results from the Tarioba shellmound paired samples. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 143:1419.

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Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
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