Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Chronology of the Danish Bronze Age Based on 14C Dating of Cremated Bone Remains

  • Jesper Olsen (a1), Karen Margrethe Hornstrup (a2), Jan Heinemeier (a3), Pia Bennike (a4) and Henrik Thrane (a5)...
Abstract

The relative Bronze Age chronology for Scandinavia was established as early as 1885. It is traditionally divided into 6 periods (I–VI). Earlier attempts to make an absolute Bronze Age chronology for southern Scandinavia were derived from burials and settlements and were mainly based on radiocarbon-dated charcoal or carbonized cereals, often with undefined archaeological periods. Here, we present high-precision 14C dating on burials with well-defined associated archaeological periods in order to improve the absolute chronology of the Danish Bronze Age. Our results are in broad agreement with the traditional absolute chronology of the Danish Bronze Age. However, our results do indicate that the onset of period III likely occurred earlier than previously thought.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Chronology of the Danish Bronze Age Based on 14C Dating of Cremated Bone Remains
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Chronology of the Danish Bronze Age Based on 14C Dating of Cremated Bone Remains
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Chronology of the Danish Bronze Age Based on 14C Dating of Cremated Bone Remains
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Email: j.olsen@qub.ac.uk.
References
Hide All
Andersen, GJ, Heinemeier, J, Nielsen, HL, Rud, N, Thomsen, MS, Johnsen, S, Sveinbjörnsdóttir, ÁE, Hjartarson, A. 1989. AMS 14C dating on the Fossvogur sediments, Iceland. Radiocarbon 31(3):592600.
Aner, E, Kersten, K. 1978. Die Funde der älteren Bronzezeit des nordischen Kreises aus Dänemark, Schleswig-Holstein und Niedersachsen: København & Neumünster.
Aner, E, Kersten, K. 1981. Die Funde der älteren Bronzezeit des nordischen Kreises aus Dänemark, Schleswig-Holstein und Niedersachsen: København & Neumünster.
Aner, E, Kersten, K. 1984. Die Funde der älteren Bronzezeit des nordischen Kreises aus Dänemark, Schleswig-Holstein und Niedersachsen: København & Neumünster.
Aner, E, Kersten, K. 1986. Die Funde der älteren Bronzezeit des nordischen Kreises aus Dänemark, Schleswig-Holstein und Niedersachsen: København & Neumünster.
Aner, E, Kersten, K. 1995. Die Funde der älteren Bronzezeit des nordischen Kreises aus Dänemark, Schleswig-Holstein und Niedersachsen: København & Neumünster.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337–60.
Christensen, K. 2006. Dendrochronological dating of oak coffins from the Bronze Age of Denmark and Schleswig. Acta Archaeologica 77:162246.
De Mulder, G, Van Strydonck, M, Boudin, M, Leclercq, W, Paridaens, N, Warmenbol, E. 2007. Re-evaluation of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age chronology of the western Belgian urnfields based on 14C dating of cremated bones. Radiocarbon 49(2):499514.
De Mulder, G, Van Strydonck, M, Boudin, M. 2009. The impact of cremated bone dating on the archaeological chronology of the Low Countries. Radiocarbon 51(2):579600.
Fischer, A, Olsen, J, Richards, M, Heinemeier, J, Sveinbjörnsdóttir, ÁE, Bennike, P. 2007. Coast-inland mobility and diet in the Danish Mesolithic and Neolithic: evidence from stable isotope values of humans and dogs. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(12):2125–50.
Garvie-Lok, SJ, Varney, TL, Katzenberg, MA. 2004. Preparation of bone carbonate for stable isotope analysis: the effects of treatment time and acid concentration. Journal of Archaeological Science 31(6):763–76.
Håkansson, S. 1974. University of Lund radiocarbon dates VII. Radiocarbon 16(3):307–30.
Hassan, AA, Termine, JD, Haynes, CV. 1977. Mineralogical studies on bone apatite and their implications for radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 19(3):364–74.
Hedges, REM, Millard, AR. 1995. Bones and groundwater: towards the modelling of diagenetic processes. Journal of Archaeological Science 22(2):155–64.
Hüls, CM, Nadeau, M-J, Grootes, PM, Erlenkeuser, H, Andersen, N. 2010. Experimental study on the origin of cremated bone apatite carbon. Radiocarbon 52(2):587–99.
Jensen, J. 1998 Manden i kisten. Hvad bronzealderens gravhøje gemte. Copenhagen.
Jørgensen, LB, Munksgaard, E, Nielsen, K-HS. 1984. Melhøj-fundet. En hidtil upåagtet parallel til Skrydstrupfundet. Aarbøger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie 1982. p 1957.
Lanting, JN, Brindlye, AL. 1998. Dating cremated bone: the dawn of a new era. Journal of Irish Archaeology 9:17.
Lanting, JN, Aerts-Bijma, A, van der Plicht, H. 2001. Dating of cremated bones. Radiocarbon 43(2):249–54.
Lanting, JN, van der Plicht, J. 2003. 14C-chronologie: bronstijd en vroege ijzertijd. Paleohistoria 43/44:117262.
Lee-Thorp, JA, Sealy, JC, van der Merwe, J. 1989. Stable carbon isotope ratio differences between bone collagen and bone apatite, and their relationship to diet. Journal of Archaeological Science 16(6):585–99.
Montelius, M. 1885. Om tidsbestämning inom bronsåldern med sårskilt avseende på Skandinavien. Stockholm.
Montelius, M. 1986. Dating in the Bronze Age with Special Reference to Scandinavia [reprinted]. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. 148 p.
Munro, LE, Longstaffe, FJ, White, CD. 2007. Burning and boiling of modern deer bone: effects on crystallinity and oxygen isotope composition of bioapatite phosphate. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 249(1–2):90102.
Olsen, J, Heinemeier, J, Bennike, P, Krause, C, Hornstrup, KM, Thrane, H. 2008. Characterisation and blind testing of radiocarbon dating of cremated bone. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(3):791800.
Olsen, J, Heinemeier, J, Lübcke, H, Lüth, F, Terberger, T. 2010. Dietary habits and freshwater reservoir effects in bones from a Neolithic NE German cemetery. Radiocarbon 52(2):635–44.
Randsborg, K. 1972. From Period III to Period IV. Chronological Studies of the Bronze Age in Southern Scandinavia and Northern Germany. Copenhagen: Publications of the National Museum.
Randsborg, K. 1996. The Nordic Bronze Age: chronological dimensions. Acta Archaeologica 67:6172.
Randsborg, K. 2006. Chronology. Acta Archaeologica 77:358.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.
Richards, MP, Hedges, REM. 1999. Stable isotope evidence for similarities in the types of marine foods used by Late Mesolithic humans at sites along the Atlantic coast of Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(6):717–22.
Sandford, MK. 1993. Understanding the biogenic-diagenetic continuum: interpreting elemental concentrations of archaeological bone. In: Sandford, MK, editor. Investigations of Ancient Human Tissue. New York: Gordon and Breach Science. p 357.
Strömberg, M. 1974. Soziale Schichtungen in der älteren Bronzezeit Südschwedens. Die Kunde 25:8997.
Surovell, TA. 2000. Radiocarbon dating of bone apatite by step heating. Geoarchaeology 15:591608.
Tamers, MA, Pearson, FJ. 1965. Validity of radiocarbon dates on bone. Nature 208(5015):1053–5.
Thomsen, MS. 1990. AMS Spectrometry. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitet.
Thrane, H. 1964. The earliest bronze vessels in Denmark's Bronze Age. Acta Archaeologica 33:109–63.
Thrane, H. 2004. Fyns Yngre Broncealdergrave. Bind 1. Odense Bys Museer.
van Strydonck, M, Boudin, M, Hoefkens, M, de Mulder, G. 2005. 14C-dating of cremated bones, why does it work? Lunula 13:310.
Van Strydonck, M, Boudin, M, De Mulder, G. 2009. 14C dating of cremated bones: the issue of sample contamination. Radiocarbon 51(2):553–68.
Van Strydonck, M, Boudin, M, de Mulder, G. 2010. The carbon origin of structural carbonate in bone apatite of cremated bones. Radiocarbon 52(2):578–86.
Vandkilde, H, Rahbek, U, Rasmussen, KL. 1996. Radiocarbon dating and the chronology of Bronze Age southern Scandinavia. Acta Archaeologica 67:183–98.
Vogel, JS, Southon, JR, Nelson, DE, Brown, TA. 1984. Performance of catalytical condensed carbon for use in accelerator mass spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 5(2):289–93.
Wright, LE, Schwarcz, HP. 1996. Infrared and isotopic evidence for diagenesis of bone apatite at Dos Pilas, Guatemala: palaeodietary implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 23(6):933–44.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 60 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 122 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.