Skip to main content

Comparison of 14C and U-Th Ages in Corals from IODP #310 Cores Offshore Tahiti

  • Nicolas Durand (a1), Pierre Deschamps (a1), Edouard Bard (a1), Bruno Hamelin (a1), Gilbert Camoin (a1), Alexander L Thomas (a2), Gideon M Henderson (a2), Yusuke Yokoyama (a3) (a4) and Hiroyuki Matsuzaki (a5)...

Shallow-water tropical corals can be used to calibrate the radiocarbon timescale. In this paper, we present a new data set based on the comparison between 14C ages and U-Th ages measured in fossil corals collected offshore the island of Tahiti during the Integrated Oceanic Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 310. After applying strict mineralogical and geochemical screening criteria, the Tahiti record provides new data for 2 distinct time windows: 7 data for the interval between 29 and 37 cal kyr BP and 58 for the last deglaciation period, notably a higher resolution for the 14–16 cal kyr BP time interval. There are 3 main outcomes of this study. First, it extends the previous Tahiti record beyond 13.9 cal kyr BP, the oldest U-Th age obtained on cores drilled onshore in the modern Tahiti barrier reef. Second, it strengthens the data set of the 14–15 cal kyr BP period, allowing for better documentation of the 14C age plateau in this time range. This age plateau corresponds to a drop of the atmospheric 14C synchronous with an abrupt period of sea-level rise (Melt Water Pulse 1 A, MWP-1 A). The Tahiti 14C record documents complex changes in the global carbon cycle due to variations in the exchange rates between its different reservoirs. Third, during the Heinrich event 1, the Tahiti record disagrees with the Cariaco record, but is in broad agreement with other marine and continental data.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Comparison of 14C and U-Th Ages in Corals from IODP #310 Cores Offshore Tahiti
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Comparison of 14C and U-Th Ages in Corals from IODP #310 Cores Offshore Tahiti
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Comparison of 14C and U-Th Ages in Corals from IODP #310 Cores Offshore Tahiti
      Available formats
Corresponding author
Corresponding author:
Hide All

Present address: Laboratoire de Mesure du Carbone 14 UMS 2572, CEA-Saclay, Bât. 450, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.

Hide All
Andersen, MB, Stirling, CH, Potter, E-K, Halliday, AN. 2004. Toward epsilon levels of measurement precision on 234U/238U by using MC-ICPMS. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 237:107–18.
Bard, E. 1988. Correction of accelerator mass spectrometry 14C ages measured in planktonic foraminifera: paleoceanographic implications. Paleoceanography 3(6):635–45.
Bard, E. 1998. Geochemical and geophysical implications of the radiocarbon calibration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 62(12):2025–38.
Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Fairbanks, RG, Zindler, A. 1990a. Calibration of the 14C timescale over the past 30,000 years using mass-spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals. Nature 345(6274):405–10.
Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Fairbanks, RG. 1990b. U-Th ages obtained by mass spectrometry in corals from Barbados: sea level during the past 130,000 years. Nature 346(6283):456–8.
Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Fairbanks, RG, Zindler, A, Mathieu, G, Arnold, M. 1990c. U/Th and 14C ages of corals from Barbados and their use for calibrating the 14C time scale beyond 9000 years B.P. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 52(3–4):461–8.
Bard, E, Arnold, M, Fairbanks, RG, Hamelin, B. 1993. 230Th/234U and 14C ages obtained by mass spectrometry on corals. Radiocarbon 35(1):191–9.
Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Arnold, M, Montaggioni, LF, Cabioch, G, Faure, G, Rougerie, F. 1996. Deglacial sea-level record from Tahiti corals and the timing of global meltwater discharge. Nature 382(6588):241–4.
Bard, E, Arnold, M, Hamelin, B, Tisnérat-Laborde, N, Cabioch, G. 1998. Radiocarbon calibration by means of mass spectrometric 230Th/234U and 14C ages of corals: an updated database including samples from Barbados, Mururoa and Tahiti. Radiocarbon 40(3):1085–92.
Bard, E, Ménot-Combes, G, Rostek, F. 2004a. Present status of radiocarbon calibration and comparison records based on Polynesian corals and Iberian Margin sediments. Radiocarbon 46(3):1189–202.
Bard, E, Rostek, F, Ménot-Combes, G. 2004b. Radiocarbon calibration beyond 20,000 14C yr B.P. by means of planktonic foraminifera of the Iberian Margin. Quaternary Research 61(2):204–14.
Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Delanghe-Sabatier, D. 2010. Deglacial Meltwater Pulse 1B and Younger Dryas sea levels revisited with boreholes at Tahiti. Science 327(5970):1235–7.
Butzin, M, Prange, M, Lohmann, G. 2005. Radiocarbon simulations for the glacial ocean: the effects of wind stress, Southern Ocean sea ice and Heinrich events. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 235(1–2):4561.
Butzin, M, Prange, M, Lohmann, G. 2012. Readjustment of glacial radiocarbon chronology by self-consistent three-dimensional ocean circulation modeling. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 317–318:177–84.
Cabioch, G, Banks-Cutler, KA, Beck, WJ, Burr, GS, Corrège, T, Edwards, RL, Taylor, FW. 2003. Continuous reef growth during the last 23 cal kyr BP in a tectonically active zone (Vanuatu, South West Pacific). Quaternary Science Reviews 22(15–17):1771–86.
Camoin, GF, Iryu, Y, Mclnroy D, and the Expedition 310 scientists. 2007a. Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management. Volume 310: College Station: IODP International, Inc.
Camoin, GF, Iryu, Y, Mclnroy D, and the Expedition 310 scientists. 2007b. IODP Expedition 310 reconstructs sea-Level, climatic and environmental changes in the South Pacific during the Last Deglaciation. Scientific Drilling 5:412.
Capps, SB, Zender, CS. 2008. Observed and CAM3 GCM sea surface wind speed distributions: characterization, comparison, and bias reduction. Journal of Climate 21:6569–85.
Cardinal, D, Hamelin, B, Bard, E, Patzold, J. 2001. Sr/Ca, U/Ca and δ18O records in recent massive corals from Bermuda: relationships with sea surface temperature. Chemical Geology 176(1–4):213–33.
Chen, JH, Curran, HA, White, B, Wasserburg, GJ. 1991. Precise chronology of the last interglacial period: 234U-230Th data from fossil coral reefs in the Bahamas. Geological Society of America Bulletin 103(1):8297.
Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, Hoff, J, Gallup, CD, Richards, DA, Asmerom, Y. 2000. The half-lives of uranium-234 and thorium-230. Chemical Geology 169(1–2):1733.
Condon, DJ, McLean, N, Noble, SR, Bowring, SA. 2010. Isotopic composition (238U/235U) of some commonly used uranium reference materials. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(24):7127–43.
Cottereau, E, Arnold, M, Moreau, C, Baqué, D, Bavay, D, Caffy, I, Comby, C, Dumoulin, J-P, Hain, S, Perron, M, Salomon, J, Setti, V. 2007. Artemis, the new 14C AMS at LMC14 in Saclay, France. Radiocarbon 49(2):291–9.
Cowan, GA, Adler, HH. 1976. The variability of the natural abundance of 235U. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 40(12):1487–90.
Cutler, KB, Gray, SC, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Taylor, FW, Cabioch, G, Beck, JW, Cheng, H, Moore, J. 2004. Radiocarbon calibration to 50 kyr BP with paired 14C and 230Th dating of corals from Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea. Radiocarbon 46(3):1127–60.
Delanghe, D, Bard, E, Hamelin, B. 2002. New TIMS constraints on the uranium-238 and uranium-234 in seawaters from the main ocean basins and the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Chemistry 80(1):7993.
Delaygue, G, Stocker, TF, Joos, F, Plattner, GK. 2003. Simulation of atmospheric radiocarbon during abrupt oceanic circulation changes: trying to reconcile models and reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 22(15–17):1647–58.
Deschamps, P, Doucelance, R, Ghaleb, B, Michelot, JL. 2003. Further investigations on optimized tail correction and high-precision measurement of Uranium isotopic ratios using Multi-Collector ICP-MS. Chemical Geology 201(1–2):141–60.
Deschamps, P, Durand, N, Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Camoin, G, Thomas, AL, Henderson, GM, Okuno, J, Yokoyama, Y. 2012. Ice sheet collapse and sea-level rise at the B⊘lling warming, 14,600 yr ago. Nature 483(7391):559–64.
Druffel, ERM, Griffin, S, Hwang, J, Komada, T, Beaupré, SR, Druffel-Rodriguez, KC, Santos, GM, Southon, J. 2004. Variability of monthly radiocarbon during the 1760s in corals from the Galapagos Islands. Radiocarbon 46(2):627–32.
Edwards, RL, Chen, JH, Ku, T-L, Wasserburg, GJ. 1987a. Precise timing of the Last Interglacial period from mass spectrometric determination of thorium-230 in corals. Science 236(4808):1547–53.
Edwards, RL, Chen, JH, Wasserburg, GJ. 1987b. 238U-234U-230Th-232Th systematics and the precise measurement of time over the past 500,000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 81(2–3):175–92.
Edwards, RL, Beck, JW, Burr, GS, Donahue, DJ, Chappell, JMA, Bloom, AL, Druffel, ERM, Taylor, FW. 1993. A large drop in atmospheric 14C/12C and reduced melting in the Younger Dryas, documented with 230Th ages of corals. Science 260(5110):962–8.
Esat, TM, Yokoyama, Y. 2006. Variability in the uranium isotopic composition of the oceans over glacial–interglacial timescales. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70(16):4140–50.
Fairbanks, RG, Mortlock, RA, Chiu, T-C, Cao, L, Kaplan, A, Guilderson, TP, Fairbanks, TW, Bloom, AL, Grootes, PM, Nadeau, M-J. 2005. Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C dates on pristine corals. Quaternary Science Reviews 24(16–17):1781–96.
Felis, T, Merkel, U, Asami, R, Deschamps, P, Hathorne, EC, Kölling, M, Bard, E, Cabioch, G, Durand, N, Prangue, M, Schulz, M, Cahyarini, SY, Pfeiffer, M. 2012. Pronounced interannual variability in tropical South Pacific temperatures during Heinrich stadial 1. Nature Communications 3:965, doi:10.1038/ncomms1973.
Frank, M, Schwarz, B, Baumann, S, Kubik, PW, Suter, M, Mangini, A. 1997. A 200 kyr record of cosmogenic radionuclide production rate and geomagnetic field intensity from 10Be in globally stacked deep-sea sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 149(1–4):121–30.
Friedrich, M, Lucke, A, Hanisch, S. 2004a. Late Glacial environmental and climatic changes from synchronized terrestrial archives of Central Europe: the Network PROSIMUL. PAGES News 12(2):27–9.
Friedrich, M, Remmele, S, Kromer, B, Hofmann, J, Spurk, M, Kaiser, KF, Orcel, C, Küppers, M. 2004b. The 12,460-year Hohenheim oak and pine tree-ring chronology from central Europe—a unique annual record for radiocarbon calibration and paleoenvironment reconstructions. Radiocarbon 46(3):1111–22.
Goslar, T, Arnold, M, Bard, E, Kuc, T, Pazdur, MF, Ralska-Jasiewiczowa, M, Tisnerat, N, Rózanski, K, Walanus, A, Wicik, B, Wiêckowski, K. 1995. High concentration of atmospheric 14C during the Younger Dryas cold episode. Nature 377(6548):414–7.
Hoffmann, DL, Beck, JW, Richards, DA, Smart, PL, Singarayer, JS, Ketchmark, T, Hawkesworth, CJ. 2010. Towards radiocarbon calibration beyond 28 ka using speleothems from the Bahamas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 289(1–2):110.
Hogg, AG, Turney, CSM, Palmer, JG, Fifield, LK, Baillie, MGL. 2006. The potential for extending IntCal04 using OIS-3 New Zealand sub-fossil kauri. PAGES News 14(3):11–2.
Hua, Q, Barbetti, M, Fink, D, Kaiser, KF, Friedrich, M, Kromer, B, Levchenko, VA, Zoppi, U, Smith, AM, Bertuch, F. 2009. Atmospheric 14C variations derived from tree rings during the early Younger Dryas. Quaternary Science Reviews 28(25–26):2982–90.
Hughen, KA, Overpeck, JT, Lehman, SJ, Kashgarian, M, Southon, JR, Peterson, LC. 1998. A new 14C calibration data set for the last deglaciation based on marine varves. Radiocarbon 40(1):483–94.
Hughen, KA, Southon, JR, Lehman, SJ, Overpeck, JT. 2000. Synchronous radiocarbon and climate shifts during the last deglaciation. Science 290(5498):1951–4.
Hughen, KA, Southon, JR, Bertrand, CJH, Frantz, B, Zermeño, P. 2004a. Cariaco Basin calibration update: revisions to calendar and 14C chronologies for core PL07-58PC. Radiocarbon 46(3):1161–87.
Hughen, KA, Lehman, S, Southon, J, Overpeck, J, Marchal, O, Herring, C, Turnbull, J. 2004b. 14C activity and global carbon cycle changes over the past 50,000 years. Science 303(5655):202–7.
Hughen, KA, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, PJ, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004c. Marine04 marine radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1059–86.
Hughen, K, Southon, J, Lehman, S, Bertrand, C, Turnbull, J. 2006. Marine-derived 14C calibration and activity record for the past 50,000 years updated from the Cariaco Basin Quaternary Science Reviews 25(23–24):3216–27.
Keigwin, LD, Lehman, SJ. 1994. Deep circulation change linked to HEINRICH event 1 and Younger Dryas in a middepth North Atlantic core. Paleoceanography 9(2):185–94.
Kitagawa, H, van der Plicht, J. 2000. Atmospheric radiocarbon calibration beyond 11,900 cal BP from Lake Suigetsu laminated sediments. Radiocarbon 42(3):369–80.
Köhler, P, Muscheler, R, Fischer, H. 2006. A model-based interpretation of low-frequency changes in the carbon cycle during the last 120,000 years and its implications for the reconstruction of atmospheric Δ14C. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 7:Q11N06, doi:10.1029/2005GC001228.
Laj, C, Kissel, C, Mazaud, A, Michel, E, Muscheler, R, Beer, J. 2002. Geomagnetic field intensity, North Atlantic Deep Water circulation and atmospheric Δ14C during the last 50 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 200(1–2):177–90.
Leduc, G, Vidal, L, Tachikawa, K, Bard, E. 2009. ITCZ rather than ENSO signature for abrupt climate changes across the tropical Pacific? Quaternary Research 72(1):123–31.
Lourantou, A, Lavric, JV, Köhler, P, Barnola, J-M, Michel, E, Paillard, D, Raynaud, D, Chappellaz, D. 2010. A detailed carbon isotopic constraint on the causes of the deglacial CO2 increase. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24: GB2015, doi::10.1029/2009GB003545.
Mason, AJ, Henderson, GM. 2010. Correction of multi-collector-ICP-MS instrumental biases in high-precision uranium-thorium chronology. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 295:2635.
McGee, D, Broecker, WS, Winckler, G. 2010. Gustiness: the driver of glacial dustiness? Quaternary Science Reviews 29(17–18):2340–50.
McManus, JF, Francois, R, Gherardi, JM, Keigwin, LD, Brown-Leger, S. 2004. Collapse and rapid resumption of Atlantic meridional circulation linked to deglacial climate changes. Nature 428(6985):834–7.
Min, GR, Edwards, RL, Taylor, FW, Recy, J, Gallup, CD, Beck, JW. 1995. Annual cycles of U/Ca in coral skeletons and U/Ca thermometry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(10):2025–42.
Mook, WG, van der Plicht, J. 1999. Reporting 14C activities and concentrations. Radiocarbon 41(3):227–39.
Muscheler, R, Kromer, B, Björck, S, Svensson, A, Friedrich, M, Kaiser, KF, Southon, J. 2008. Tree rings and ice cores reveal 14C calibration uncertainties during the Younger Dryas. Nature Geoscience 1:263–7.
Palmer, J, Lorrey, A, Turney, CSM, Hogg, A, Baillie, M, Fifield, K, Ogden, J. 2006. Extension of New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) tree-ring chronologies into Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS) 3. Journal of Quaternary Science 21(7):779–87.
Paterne, M, Ayliffe, LK, Arnold, M, Cabioch, G, Tisnérat-Laborde, N, Hatté, C, Douville, E, Bard, E. 2004. Paired 14C and 230Th/230U dating of surface corals from the Marquesas and Vanuatu (sub-equatorial Pacific) in the 3000 to 15,000 cal yr interval. Radiocarbon 46(2):551–66.
Piotrowski, AM, Goldstein, SL, Hemming, SR, Fairbanks, RG. 2005. Temporal relationship of carbon cycling and ocean circulation at glacial boundaries. Science 307(5717):1933–8.
Rasmussen, SO, Andersen, KK, Svensson, AM, Steffensen, JP, Vinther, B, Clausen, HB, Siggaard-Andersen, M-L, Johnsen, SJ, Larsen, LB, Dahl-Jensen, D, Bigler, M, Röthlisberger, R, Fischer, H, Goto-Azuma, K, Hansson, M, Ruth, U. 2006. A new Greenland ice core chronology for the last glacial termination. Journal of Geophysical Research 111: D06102, doi:: 10.1029/2005JD006079.
Rea, DK. 1994. The paleoclimatic record provided by eolian dust deposition in the deep-sea the geologic history of wind. Reviews of Geophysics 32(2):159–95.
Reimer, PJ, Hughen, KA, Guilderson, TP, McCormac, G, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Barratt, P, Beck, JW, Buck, CE, Damon, PE, Friedrich, M, Kromer, B, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, van der Plicht, J. 2002. Preliminary report of the first workshop of the IntCal04 radiocarbon calibration/comparison working group. Radiocarbon 44(3):653–61.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–58.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, McCormac, G, Reimer, RW, Bard, E, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Manning, S, Guilderson, TP, Southon, JR, Hogg, AG, Stuiver, M, Hughen, KA, van der Plicht, J, Kromer, B, van der Plicht, J, Manning, S, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2006. Comment on “Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C dates on pristine corals” by R.G Fairbanks et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1781–1796) and “Extending the radiocarbon calibration beyond 26,000 years before present using fossil corals” by T.-C. Chin et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1797–1808). Quaternary Science Reviews 25(7–8):855–62.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.
Robinson, LF, Belshaw, NS, Henderson, GM. 2004. U and Th concentrations and isotope ratios in modern carbonates and waters from the Bahamas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68(8):1777–89.
Schaub, M, Buntgen, U, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, Talamo, S, Andersen, KK, Rasmussen, SO. 2008a. Lateglacial environmental variability from Swiss tree rings. Quaternary Science Reviews 27(1–2):2941.
Schaub, M, Kaiser, KF, Frank, DC, Buntgen, U, Kromer, B, Talamo, S. 2008b. Environmental change during the Aller⊘d and Younger Dryas reconstructed from Swiss tree-ring data. Boreas 37(1):7486.
Schmitt, J, Schneider, R, Elsig, J, Leuenberger, D, Lourantou, A, Chappellaz, J, Köhler, P, Joos, F, Stocker, TF, Leuenberger, M, Fischer, H. 2012. Carbon isotope constraints on the deglacial CO2 rise from ice cores. Science 336(6082):711–4.
Seard, C, Camoin, G, Yokoyama, Y, Matsuzaki, H, Durand, N, Bard, E, Sepulcre, S, Deschamps, P. 2011. Microbialite development patterns in the last deglacial reefs from Tahiti (French Polynesia; IODP Expedition #310): implications on reef framework architecture. Marine Geology 279(1–4):6386.
Sepulcre, S, Durand, N, Bard, E. 2009. Mineralogical determination of reef and periplatform carbonates: calibration and implications for paleoceanography and radiochronology. Global and Planetary Change 66:19.
Shackleton, NJ, Fairbanks, RG, Chiu, T-C, Parrenin, F. 2004. Absolute calibration of the Greenland time scale: implications for Antarctic time scales and for 14C. Quaternary Science Reviews 23(14–15):1513–22.
Southon, J, Noronha, AL, Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, Wang, Y. 2012. A high-resolution record of atmospheric 14C based Hulu Cave speleothem H82. Quaternary Science Reviews 33:3241.
Stambaugh, MC, Guyette, RP. 2009. Progress in constructing a long oak chronology from the central United States. Tree-Ring Research 65(2):147–56.
Stirling, CH, Esat, TM, McCulloch, MT, Lambeck, K. 1995. High-precision U-series dating of corals from Western Australia and implications for the timing and duration of the Last Interglacial. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 135(1–4):115–30.
Stirling, CH, Andersen, MB, Potter, EK, Halliday, AN. 2007. Low-temperature isotopic fractionation of uranium. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 264(1–2):208–25.
Stuiver, M, Polach, HA. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355–63.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Bard, E, Beck, JW, Burr, GS, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, van der Plicht, J, Spurk, M. 1998. INTCAL98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000–0 cal BP. Radiocarbon 40(3):1041–83.
Thomas, AL, Henderson, GM, Deschamps, P, Yokoyama, Y, Mason, AJ, Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Durand, N, Camoin, G. 2009. Penultimate deglacial sea-level timing from uranium/thorium dating of Tahitian corals. Science 324(5931):1186–9.
Vogel, JS, Southon, JR, Nelson, DE, Brown, TA. 1984. Performance of catalytically condensed carbon for use in accelerator mass spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 5(2):289–93.
Wang, YJ, Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, An, ZS, Wu, JY, Shen, C-C, Dorale, JA. 2001. A high-resolution absolute-dated Late Pleistocene monsoon record from Hulu Cave, China. Science 294(5550):2345–8.
Weyer, S, Anbar, AD, Gerdes, A, Gordon, GW, Algeo, TJ, Boyle, EA. 2008. Natural fractionation of 238U/235U. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72(2):345–59.
Yokoyama, Y, Esat, TM. 2004. Long term variations of uranium isotopes and radiocarbon in the surface seawater recorded in corals. In: Shiyomi, M, Kawahata, H, Koizumi, A, Tsuda, A, Awaya, Y, editors. Global Environmental Change in the Ocean and on Land. Tokyo: TERRAPUB. p 279309.
Yokoyama, Y, Esat, TM, Lambeck, K, Fifield, LK. 2000. Last ice age millennial scale climate changes recorded in Huon Peninsula corals. Radiocarbon 42(3):383401.
Yokoyama, Y, Miyairi, Y, Matsuzaki, H, Tsunomori, F. 2007. Relation between acid dissolution time in the vacuum test tube and time required for graphitization for AMS target preparation. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 259(1):330–4.
Zhu, ZR, Wyrwoll, K-H, Collins, LB, Chen, JH, Wasserburg, GJ, Eisenhauer, A. 1993. High-precision U-series dating of Last Interglacial events by mass spectrometry: Houtman Abrolhos Islands, western Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 118(1–4):281–93.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 60 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 164 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.