Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-gf4tf Total loading time: 0.567 Render date: 2021-08-04T21:42:19.192Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Article contents

Downward Movement of Soil Organic Matter and Its Influence on Trace-Element Transport (210Pb, 137Cs) in the Soil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Helmut Dörr
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik der Universität Heidelberg Im Neuenheimer Feld 366, 6900 Heidelberg, FRG
K O Münnich
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik der Universität Heidelberg Im Neuenheimer Feld 366, 6900 Heidelberg, FRG
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Data on depth distribution and 14C content of soil organic carbon, and on soil CO2 production in forest ecosystems are presented and discussed. Downward movement and turnover of soil organic matter is estimated from a box chain model. The downward transfer velocity of soil organic material depends on the litter material composition and on the annual rate of microbial decomposition. Depth distribution of 210Pb and 137Cs was measured. The identical transfer velocity of 210Pb and soil organic material suggests that lead transport is due to movement of the organic material itself. Lead in organic-rich soils obviously is bound rather tightly to the organic carrier by ion exchange or organic complexing. 137Cs migration depends on the turnover and downward movement of soil organic material. Results suggest that cesium is not transported only by the downward movement of solid organic matter, but, due to chemical exchange between the organic and hydrous phases, travels faster than organic matter.

Type
II. Carbon Cycle in the Environment
Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science 

References

Dorr, H, Kromer, B and Münnich, K O, 1988, Fast 14C sample preparation of organic material: This issue.Google Scholar
Dorr, H and Münnich, K O, 1987a, Annual variation in soil respiration in selected areas of the temperate zone: Tellus, v 39B, p 114121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dorr, H and Münnich, K O, 1987b, Spatial distribution of soil 137Cs and 134Cs in West Germany after Chernobyl: Naturwissenschaften, v 74, p 249251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dorr, H and Münnich, K O, 1986, Annual variation of the 14C content of soil CO2 , in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no. 2A, p 338345.Google Scholar
Graustein, W C and Turekian, K K, 1986, 210Pb and 137Cs in air and soils measure the rate and vertical profile of aerosol scavenging: Jour Geophys Research, v 91, no. D13, p 14.35514.366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harkness, D D, Harrison, A F and Bacon, P J, 1986, The temporal distribution of bomb 14C in a forest soil, in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no. 2A, p 328337.Google Scholar
Levin, I, Kromer, B, Schoch–Fischer, H, Bruns, M, Münnich, M, Berdau, D, Vogel, J C and Münnich, K O, 1985, 25 years of tropospheric 14C observations in central Europe: Radiocarbon, v 27, no. 1, p 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Brien, B J, 1986, The use of natural and anthropogenic 14C to investigate the dynamics of soil organic carbon, in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no. 2A, p 358362.Google Scholar
O'Brien, B J and Stout, J D, 1978, Movement and turnover of soil organic matter as indicated by carbon isotope measurements: Soil Biol Biochem, v 10, p 309317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scharpenseel, H W, Tsutsuki, K, Becker-Heidmann, P and Freytag, J, 1986, Untersuchungen zur Kohlenstoffdynamik und Bioturbation von Mollisolen: Zeitschr Pflanzenernaehr Bodenk, v 149, p 582597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tegen, I (ms), 1988, Laborexperimente zur Tiefenverlagerung von Caesium: Diplomarbeit, Inst f Umweltphysik, Univ Heidelberg.Google Scholar
You have Access
70
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Downward Movement of Soil Organic Matter and Its Influence on Trace-Element Transport (210Pb, 137Cs) in the Soil
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Downward Movement of Soil Organic Matter and Its Influence on Trace-Element Transport (210Pb, 137Cs) in the Soil
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Downward Movement of Soil Organic Matter and Its Influence on Trace-Element Transport (210Pb, 137Cs) in the Soil
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *