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IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Paula J Reimer*
Affiliation:
14CHRONO Centre for Climate, the Environment and Chronology, School of Gcography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast BT7 INN, United Kingdom
Edouard Bard
Affiliation:
CEREGE, Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, IRD, Collège de France, Technopole de l'Arbois BP 80, 13545 Aix en Provence Cedex 4, France
Alex Bayliss
Affiliation:
English Heritage, 1 Waterhouse Square, 138-142 Holborn, London EC1N 2ST, United Kingdom
J Warren Beck
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Paul G Blackwell
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH, United Kingdom
Christopher Bronk Ramsey
Affiliation:
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Caitlin E Buck
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH, United Kingdom
Hai Cheng
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0231, USA Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
R Lawrence Edwards
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0231, USA
Michael Friedrich
Affiliation:
Institute of Botany (210), Hohenheim University, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Pieter M Grootes
Affiliation:
Institute for Ecosystem Research, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel 24098, Germany
Thomas P Guilderson
Affiliation:
Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry L-397, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA Ocean Sciences Department, University of California–Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
Haflidi Haflidason
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, N-5007 Bergen, Norway
Irka Hajdas
Affiliation:
Labor für Ionenstrahlphysik, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Christine Hatté
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, UMR8212 CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Timothy J Heaton
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH, United Kingdom
Dirk L Hoffmann
Affiliation:
Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana CENIEH, Burgos 09002, Spain
Alan G Hogg
Affiliation:
Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand
Konrad A Hughen
Affiliation:
Department of Marine Chemistry & Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
K Felix Kaiser
Affiliation:
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Zurcherstr. 111, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Department of Geography, University of Zurich-Irchel, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Bernd Kromer
Affiliation:
Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Sturt W Manning
Affiliation:
Malcolm and Carolyn Wiener Laboratory for Aegean and Near Eastern Dendrochronology, Cornell Tree Ring Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Mu Niu
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH, United Kingdom
Ron W Reimer
Affiliation:
14CHRONO Centre for Climate, the Environment and Chronology, School of Gcography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast BT7 INN, United Kingdom
David A Richards
Affiliation:
School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1SS, United Kingdom
E Marian Scott
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland
John R Southon
Affiliation:
Department of Earth System Science, University of California–Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA
Richard A Staff
Affiliation:
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Christian S M Turney
Affiliation:
Climate Change Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Johannes van der Plicht
Affiliation:
Centrum voor Isotopen Onderzoek, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, the Netherlands Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9515, 2300 RA Leiden, the Netherlands
*
2 Corresponding author. Email: p.j.reimer@qub.ac.uk.
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Abstract

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The IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon calibration curves have been revised utilizing newly available and updated data sets from 14C measurements on tree rings, plant macrofossils, speleothems, corals, and foraminifera. The calibration curves were derived from the data using the random walk model (RWM) used to generate IntCal09 and Marine09, which has been revised to account for additional uncertainties and error structures. The new curves were ratified at the 21st International Radiocarbon conference in July 2012 and are available as Supplemental Material at www.radiocarbon.org. The database can be accessed at http://intcal.qub.ac.uk/intcal13/.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

Footnotes

Deceased.

IntCal Oversight Committee members.

Guest contributor.

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