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The Long-Term Tupiguarani Occupation in Southeastern Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

K D Macario
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n. Niterói, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A Buarque
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
R Scheel-Ybert
Affiliation:
Departamento de Geologia e Paleontologia. Museu Nacional, UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
R M Anjos*
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n. Niterói, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
P R S Gomes
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n. Niterói, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
M Beauclair
Affiliation:
Departamento de Geologia e Paleontologia. Museu Nacional, UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
C Hatté
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l'Environnement, Domaine du CNRS, Bat 12, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
*
Corresponding author. Email: meigikos@if.uff.br
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Abstract

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We discuss some aspects of the chronology of the Tupiguarani occupation in the southeastern Brazilian coast based on the analyses of 3 charcoal samples from the Morro Grande archaeological site (Rio de Janeiro state). 14C beta spectroscopy and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) techniques were used to determine ages of 2920 ± 70 BP, 2600 ± 160 BP, and 510 ± 160 BP. The occurrence of these ancient dates in southeastern Brazil has important implications for understanding the origin and dispersion of Tupian populations from Amazonia, supporting recent hypotheses that their expansion must have begun well before 2000 BP. On the other hand, the most recent date is a strong indication of a possible reoccupation of the site by the same cultural group around the time. These results show that the Tupiguarani occupation began at least about 3000 yr ago and lasted until its collapse with the European invasion in the 16th century.

Type
Archaeology
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

References

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