Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Methods of Radiocarbon Determination in Wine and Bone Samples by Gas Proportional Counting Technique

  • Jakub Kaizer (a1), Ján Obuch (a2), Ivan Kontuľ (a1), Alexander Šivo (a1), Marta Richtáriková (a1), Peter Čech (a3) and Pavel P Povinec (a1)...
Abstract

Although radiocarbon accelerator mass spectrometry (14C AMS) surpasses conventional radiometric methods in many aspects, they still represent an interesting alternative, especially for studies unconstrained by sample size. Here we showed that the gas proportional counting technique can be used for bone samples, processed only by a simple ABA method, and ethanol, distilled from wine samples. The feasibility of the described methods was verified by successful dating of 11 well-preserved vertebrate bones of modern to 21 kyr BP age excavated from different caves in Slovakia from which collagen was also extracted, as well as by determination of 14C concentration in two modern western Slovakia vintages, which matches well the atmospheric Δ14C level for the respective region and grape vegetation period. Various empiric factors affecting the yield of the thoroughly tested procedures used for processing of samples and their optimization parameters are discussed as well.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: kaizer@fmph.uniba.sk.
Footnotes
Hide All

Selected Papers from the 2nd Radiocarbon in the Environment Conference, Debrecen,Hungary, 3–7 July 2017

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Arslanov, KA, Svezhentsev, YS. 1993. An improved method for radiocarbon dating fossil bones. Radiocarbon 35(3):387391.
Asenstorfer, RE, Jones, GP, Laurence, G, Zoppi, U. 2011. Authentification of red wine vintage using bomb-pulse 14C. In: Ebeler SE, Takeoka GR, Winterhalter P, editors. Progress in Authentication of Food and Wine. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. p 8999.
Attolini, MR, Galli, M, Nanni, T, Povinec, P. 1989. A cyclogram analysis of the Bratislava 14C tree-ring record during the last century. Radiocarbon 31(3):839845.
Baudler, R, Adam, L, Rossmann, A, Versini, G, Engel, K-H. 2006. Influence of the distillation step on the ratios of stable isotopes of ethanol in cherry brandies. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54:864869.
Berger, R, Libby, WF. 1966. UCLA radiocarbon dates V. Radiocarbon 8:467497.
Brock, F, Ramsey, CB, Higham, T. 2007. Quality assurance of ultrafiltered bone dating. Radiocarbon 49(2):187192.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.
Brown, TA, Nelson, DE, Vogel, JS, Southon, JR. 1988. Improved collagen extraction by modified Longin method. Radiocarbon 30(2):171177.
Burchuladze, AA, Pagava, SV, Povinec, P, Togonidze, GI, Usačev, S. 1980. Radiocarbon variations with the 11-year solar cycle during the last century. Nature 287(5780):320322.
Cersoy, S, Zazzo, A, Lebon, M, Rofes, J, Zirah, S. 2017. Collagen extraction and stable isotope analysis of small vertebrate bones: a comparative approach. Radiocarbon 59(3):679694.
Čech, P, Grolmusová, Z, Veis, P, Šivo, A, Povinec, P. 2015. Comparison of 13C/12C isotope ratios from the atmosphere measured using two different analytical techniques. In: Šafránková J, Pavlů J, editors. WDS'15 Proceedings of Contributed Papers. Prague: MATFYZPRESS. p 106109.
Fahrni, SM, Fuller, BT, Southon, JR. 2015. Angel’s share combats cine fraud: 14C dating of wine without opening the bottle. Analytical Chemistry 87(17):86468650.
Fülöp, R-H, Heinze, S, John, S, Rethemeyer, J. 2013. Ultrafiltration of bone samples is neither the problem nor the solution. Radiocarbon 55(2):491500.
Haynes, CV. 1967. Bone organic matter and radiocarbon dating. In: Radiocarbon Dating and Methods of Low-Level Counting. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. p 163168.
Hedges, REM, Van Klinken, GJ. 1992. A review of current approaches in the pretreatment of bone for radiocarbon dating by AMS. Radiocarbon 34(3):279291.
Hüls, MC, Grootes, PM, Nadeau, M-J. 2007. How clean is ultrafiltration cleaning of bone collagen? Radiocarbon 49(2):193200.
Hüls, CM, Grootes, PM, Nadeau, M-J. 2009. Ultrafiltration: boon or bane? Radiocarbon 51(2):613625.
Kaizer, J, Ješkovský, M, Povinec, PP, Šivo, A. 2016. Advancement in the 14C and 129I sample processing and target preparation for accelerator mass spectrometry at CENTA. In: Ioannidou A, Povinec PP, editors. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Radioactivity, ENVIRA 2015. Thessaloniki: University of Thessaloniki. p 15–21.
Kato, K, Tokanai, F, Anshita, M, Sakurai, H, Ohashi, MS. 2014. Automated sample combustion and CO2 collection system with IRMS for 14C AMS in Yamagata University, Japan. Radiocarbon 56(1):327331.
Kutschera, W. 2005. Progress in isotope analysis at ultra-trace level by AMS. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 242(2–3):145160.
Libby, WF. 1961. Radiocarbon dating. Science 133:621629.
Longin, R. 1971. New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating. Nature 230(5291):241242.
Martin, GJ, Thibault, J-N. 1995. Spatial and temporal dependence of the 13C and 14C Isotopes of wine ethanols. Radiocarbon 37(3):943954.
Moravčík, J, Škvarnová, M, Krušinský, Š. 2002. Kostol sv. Štefana Kráľa. Žilina: Edis. 88 p.
Nagasawa, S, Kitagawa, H, Nakanishi, T, Tanabe, S, Hong, W. 2013. An approach toward automatic graphitization of CO2 samples for AMS 14C measurements. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 294:266269.
Povinec, P, Šáro, Š, Chudý, M, Šeliga, M. 1968. The rapid method of carbon-14 counting in atmospheric carbon dioxide. The International Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 19(12):877881.
Povinec, P. 1972. Preparation of methane gas filing for proportional 3H and 14C counters. Radiochemistry and Radioanalytical Letters 9:127135.
Povinec, P. 1978. Multiwire proportional counters for low-level 14C and 3H measurements. Nuclear Instruments and Methods 156(3):441446.
Povinec, P. 1992. 14C gas counting: Is there still a future? Radiocarbon 34(3):406413.
Povinec, PP, Chudý, M, Šivo, A, Šimon, J, Holý, K, Richtáriková, M. 2009. Forty years of atmospheric radiocarbon monitoring around Bohunice nuclear power plant, Slovaki. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100(2):125130.
Povinec, PP, Franko, O, Šivo, A, Richtáriková, M, Breier, R, Aggarwal, PK, Araguás-Araguás, L. 2010. Spatial radiocarbon and stable carbon isotope variability of mineral and thermal waters in Slovakia. Radiocarbon 52(3):10561067.
Povinec, PP, Ženišová, Z, Šivo, A, Ogrinc, N, Richtáriková, M, Breier, R. 2013. Radiocarbon and stable isotopes as groundwater tracers in the Danube river basin of SW Slovakia. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):10171028.
Povinec, PP, Šivo, A, Ješkovský, M, Svetlik, I, Richtáriková, M, Kaizer, J. 2015a. Radiocarbon in the atmosphere of the Žlkovce monitoring station of the Bohunice NPP: 25 years of continuous monthly measurements. Radiocarbon 57(3):355362.
Povinec, PP, Masarik, J, Ješkovský, M, Kaizer, J, Šivo, A, Breier, R, Pánik, J, Staníček, J, Richtáriková, M, Zahoran, M, Zeman, J. 2015b. Development of the accelerator mass spectrometry technology at the Comenius University in Bratislava. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 361:8794.
Reimer, P, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, J, Blackwell, P, Ramsey, C, Buck, C, Cheng, H, Edwards, R, Friedrich, M, Grootes, P, Guilderson, T, Haflidason, H, Hajdas, I, Hatté, C, Heaton, T, Hoffmann, D, Hogg, A, Hughen, K, Kaiser, K, Kromer, B, Manning, S, Niu, M, Reimer, R, Richards, D, Scott, E, Southon, J, Staff, R, Turney, C, van der Plicht, J. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.
St-Jean, G, Kieser, WE, Crann, CA, Murseli, S. 2016. Semi-automated equipment for CO2 purification and graphitization at the A.E. Lalonde AMS Laboratory (Ottawa, Canada). Radiocarbon 59(3):116.
Szpak, P. 2011. Fish bone chemistry and ultrastructure: implications for taphonomy and stable isotope analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science 38(12):33583372.
Theodórsson, P. 1991. Gas proportional versus liquid scintillation counting, radiometric versus AMS dating. Radiocarbon 33(1):913.
Tuniz, C, Bird, JR, Fink, D, Herzog, GF. 1998. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Ultrasensitive Analysis for Global Science. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. 400 p.
Van Klinken, GJ. 1999. Bone collagen quality indicators for palaeodietary and radiocarbon measurements. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(6):687695.
Vogel, JC, Waterbolk, HT. 1967. Groningen radiocarbon dates VII. Radiocarbon 9:107155.
Wacker, L, Němec, M, Bourquin, J. 2010. A revolutionary graphitisation system: fully automated, compact and simple. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):931994.
Wild, EM, Neugebauer-Maresch, C, Einwögerer, T, Stadler, P, Steier, P, Brock, F. 2008. 14C dating of the Upper Paleolithic site at Krems-Hundssteig in lower Austria. Radiocarbon 50(1):110.
Zoppi, U, Skopec, Z, Skopec, J, Jones, G, Fink, D, Hua, Q, Jacobsen, G, Tuniz, C, Williams, A. 2004. Forensic applications of 14C bomb-pulse dating. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:770775.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 13 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 93 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 10th April 2018 - 17th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.