Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Radiocarbon Dates of Old and Middle Kingdom Monuments in Egypt

  • Georges Bonani (a1), Herbert Haas (a2), Zahi Hawass (a3), Mark Lehner (a4), Shawki Nakhla (a5), John Nolan (a6), Robert Wenke (a7) and Willy Wölfli (a1)...
Abstract

Between 1984 and 1995 over 450 organic samples were collected from monuments built during the Old and Middle Kingdoms. The most suitable samples were selected for dating. The purpose was to establish a radiocarbon chronology with samples from secure context and collected with the careful techniques required for 14C samples. This chronology is compared to the historical chronology established by reconstructing written documentation.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Radiocarbon Dates of Old and Middle Kingdom Monuments in Egypt
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Radiocarbon Dates of Old and Middle Kingdom Monuments in Egypt
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Radiocarbon Dates of Old and Middle Kingdom Monuments in Egypt
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Email: bonani@particle.phys.ethz.ch.
References
Hide All
Arnold, JR, Libby, WF. 1949. Age determinations by radiocarbon content: checks with samples of known age. Science 110(2869):678–80.
Bonani, G, Balzer, R, Hofmann, H-J, Morenzoni, E, Nessi, M, Suter, M, Wölfli, W. 1984. Properties of milligram size samples prepared for AMS 14C Dating at ETH. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B5:284–8.
Bonani, G, Beer, J, Hofmann, H-J, Synal, H-A, Suter, M, Wölfli, W, Pfleiderer, Ch, Kromer, B, Junghans, C, Münnich, KO. 1987. Fractionation, precision, and accuracy in 14C and 13C measurements. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B29:8790.
Clayton, PA. 1994. Chronicle of the pharaohs. London: Thames and Hudson. p 224.
Devine, JM, Haas, H. 1987. Scintillation counter performance at the SMU radiocarbon laboratory. Radiocarbon 29(1): 12–7.
Haas, H. 1979. Specific problems with liquid scintillation counting of small benzene volumes and background count rate estimation. In: Berger, R, Suess, H, editors. Radiocarbon dating. University of California Press. p 246–55.
Haas, H, Trigg, V. 1991. Low-level scintillation counting with a LKB Quantulus counter establishing optimal parameter settings. In: Ross, H, Noakes, JE, Spaulding, JD, editors. Liquid Scintillation Counting and Organic Scintillators. Chelsea:Lewis Publishers. p 669–75.
Haas, H, Doubrava, MR. 1998. Calibration technique for 14C data clusters: fitting relative chronologies onto absolute time scales. Radiocarbon 40(1):561–9.
Haas, H, Devine, JM, Wenke, R, Lehner, M, Wölfli, W, Bonani, G. 1987. Radiocarbon chronology and the historical calendar in Egypt. In: Aurenche, O, Evin, J, Hours, F, editors. Chronologies in the Near East. BAR International Series 379. p 585606.
Hassan, FA, Robinson, SW, 1987. High-precision radiocarbon chronometry of ancient Egypt, and comparisons with Nubia, Palestine and Mesopotamia. Antiquity 61: 119–35.
Lehner, M, Nakhla, S, Hawass, Z, Bonani, G, Wölfli, W, Haas, H, Wenke, R, Nolan, J, Wetterstrom, W. 1999. Dating the Pyramids. Archaeology 52(5):2633.
Niklaus, TR, Bonani, G, Simonius, M, Suter, M, Wölfli, W. 1992. CalibETH: an interactive computer program for the calibration of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 34(3):483–92.
Polach, H, Kaihola, L, Haas, H, Robertson, S. 1987. Small sample 14C dating by liquid scintillation spectrometry: Radiocarbon 30 (2):153–5.
Stuiver, M, Polach, H. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355–63.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Braziunas, TF. 1998. High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40(3):1127–51.
Vogel, JS, Southon, JR, Nelson, DE. 1987. Catalyst and binder effects in the use of filamentous graphite for AMS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B29:50–6.
Vogel, JS, Southon, JR, Nelson, DE, Brown, TA. 1984. Performance of catalytically condensed carbon for use in accelerator mass spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B5:289–93.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed