Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Radiocarbon Dating of a Series of the Heads of Egyptian Mummies from the Musée des Confluences, Lyon (France)

  • Pascale Richardin (a1), Annie Perraud (a2), Jasmine Hertzog (a1) (a3), Karine Madrigal (a4) and Didier Berthet (a5)...
Abstract
Abstract

As part of a multidisciplinary project concerning the practices of mummification in ancient Egypt, we studied a series of 33 human remains, collected during the late 19th century. These heads of human mummies belong to the Osteology collection from the Musée des Confluences of Lyon. One of the important issues of this research project was to establish a chronology of the mummification processes. However, the lack of archaeological data and excavation reports does not allow the dating of the specimens. Thus, during this project, these heads have been radiocarbon dated in order to place the individuals in a reliable chronological and cultural framework. As a result, 20 samples of hair and 13 samples of linen textiles of the wrappings have been taken. The results raised a lot of uncertainties about the chronology of these mummies and the need to validate or correct the original date attributions were given by the discoverers. As an example, among the 13 mummies thought to be dated between the 11th and 20th Dynasties, none appears from this period. In the same way, six mummies were originally dated from the Ptolemaic period. However, only one belongs to this period, four are Roman, and the last one is from the New Kingdom.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: pascale.richardin@culture.gouv.fr.
Footnotes
Hide All

Selected Papers from the 2015 Radiocarbon Conference, Dakar, Senegal, 16–20 November 2015

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

EG Bligh , WJ Dyer . 1959. A rapid method for total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 37:911917.

C Bronk Ramsey . 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.

E Hornung , R Krauss , DA Warburton , editors. 2006. Ancient Egyptian Chronology. Leiden: Brill.

C Moreau , I Caffy , C Comby , E Delqué-Količ , J-P Dumoulin , S Hain , A Quiles , V Setti , C Souprayen , B Thellier , J Vincent . 2013. Research and development of the Artemis 14C AMS Facility: status report. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):331337.

PJ Reimer , E Bard , A Bayliss , JW Beck , PG Blackwell , C Bronk Ramsey , CE Buck , H Cheng , RL Edwards , M Friedrich , PM Grootes , TP Guilderson , H Haflidason , I Hajdas , C Hatté , TJ Heaton , DL Hoffmann , AG Hogg , KA Hughen , KF Kaiser , B Kromer , SW Manning , M Niu , RW Reimer , DA Richards , EM Scott , JR Southon , RA Staff , CSM Turney , J van der Plicht . 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.

P Richardin , N Gandolfo . 2013b. Radiocarbon dating and authentication of objects from ethnographic museums. Radiocarbon 55(3–4):18101818.

P Richardin , N Gandolfo , P Carminati , P Walter . 2011. New protocol for radiocarbon dating of hair and keratin type samples – application to an Andean mummy from the National Museum of Natural History in Paris. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 3(4):379384.

P Richardin , M Coudert , N Gandolfo , J Vincent . 2013. Radiocarbon dating of mummified human remains: application to a series of Coptic mummies from the Louvre Museum. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):345352.

A Touzeau , J Blichert-Toft , R Amiot , F Fourel , F Martineau , J Cockitt , K Hall , J-P Flandrois , C Lécuyer . 2013. Egyptian mummies record increasing aridity in the Nile valley from 5500 to 1500 year before present. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 375:92100.

A Touzeau , R Amiot , J Blichert-Toft , JP Flandrois , F Fourel , L Gabolde , V Grossi , F Martineau , P Richardin , C Lécuyer . 2014. Diet of ancient Egyptians inferred from stable isotope systematics. Journal of Archaeological Science 46:114124.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 96 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 3rd January 2017 - 28th April 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.