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Radiocarbon Dating of the Architectural Parts of the Middle Byzantine Monastery of Hosios Loukas, Boeotia, Greece

  • Yorgos Facorellis (a1) and Dionysis Mourelatos (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

The Monastery of Hosios Loukas is situated at an altitude of 430 m (38°23′43.12′′N, 22°44′48.22′′E) in the western foothills of Mount Helikon, near the village of Steiri, Boeotia, Greece. It is one of the most important monuments of Middle Byzantine art and architecture and has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Information varies concerning the construction date of the magnificent church to house the Hosios Loukas relics. Moreover, little is known about the time when the rest of the monastic complex was built. This paper aims to shed light on these chronological questions. For this purpose, 15 wood samples, originating from the outermost rings of the wooden timber preserved from the initial scaffolding of the church and its four supporting buttresses and another two from the wooden gate of the monastery, were radiocarbon (14C) dated using the conventional gas-counting technique. Our results show that the church was built in the beginning of the 11th century. The four buttresses were built in at least two phases, during the 15th through 19th centuries, and the monastery gate may be also attributed to the 19th century.

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*Corresponding author. Email: yfacorel@teiath.gr.
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Selected Papers from the 8th Radiocarbon & Archaeology Symposium, Edinburgh, UK, 27 June–1 July 2016

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C Bronk Ramsey . 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.

Y Maniatis , S Papadopoulos . 2011. 14C dating of a final Neolithic-Early Bronze Age transition period settlement at Aghios Ioannis on Thassos (North Aegean). Radiocarbon 53(1):2137.

PJ Reimer , E Bard , A Bayliss , JW Beck , PG Blackwell , C Bronk Ramsey , CE Buck , H Cheng , RL Edwards , M Friedrich , PM Grootes , TP Guilderson , H Haflidason , I Hajdas , C Hatté , TJ Heaton , DL Hoffmann , AG Hogg , KA Hughen , KF Kaiser , B Kromer , SW Manning , M Niu , RW Reimer , DA Richards , EM Scott , JR Southon , RA Staff , CSM Turney , J van der Plicht . 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.

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Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
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