BanG. 1930. Hanshu. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
ChenF, HuangX, ZhangJ, HolmesJ, ChenJ. 2006. Humid little ice age in arid central Asia documented by Bosten Lake, Xinjiang, China. Science in China (Series D)
Di CosmoN. 2002. The Tarim Mummies: ancient China and the mystery of the earliest peoples from the West. Journal of Anthropological Research
FanY, SimaB. 1996. Houhanshu. Urumqi: Xinjiang People’s Publishing House.
GetachewG, KimS, BurriBJ, KellyPB, HaacKW, OgnibeneTJ, BuchholzBA, VogelJS, ModrowJ, CliffordAJ. 2006. How to convert biological carbon into graphite for AMS. Radiocarbon
HareJ. 1999. Loulan: a journey of exploration from the east. Asian Affairs
HarmattaJ. 1994. History of civilizations of Central Asia. 2. The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 BC to AD 250. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.
HedinSA. 1898. Through Asia. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Encyclopedia of ancient Asian civilizations. New York: Infobase Publishing.
HouC. 2002. Clearing up questions in Loulan research—arguments about Loulan problems, Part 2. Dunhuang Research
HuangS. 1996. Some notes on the first capital of the Loulan Kingdom and Town LE. Cultural Relics
HuangS. 2014. The crucial reason for the debate on the original capital of Loulan Kingdom and new evidences for LA City as the Capital of Loulan Kingdom in Western Han Dynasty. In: Jiao Y, editor. The Culture and History of Loulan Xijiang. Urumqi: People’s Publishing House. p 87–116.
JiaoYX. 2014. Chronological comparison between the newly/previously discovered ancient cities in Lop Nur and other relics. In: Jiao Y, editor. The Culture and History of Loulan Xijiang. Urumqi: People’s Publishing House. p 140–146.
LauterbachS, WittR, PlessenB, DulskiP, PrasadS, MingramJ, GleixnerG, Hettler-RiedelS, StebichM, SchnetgerB. 2014. Climatic imprint of the mid-latitude Westerlies in the Central Tian Shan of Kyrgyzstan and teleconnections to North Atlantic climate variability during the last 6000 years. The Holocene
LinM. 1995. On the first capital city of the Louian Kingdom. Cultural Relics
LiuB. 1976. Climate Change in Southern Tarim Basin. Tokyo: Ancient and Present-Day Bookstore.
LiuC, ZhangJF, JiaoP, MischkeS. 2016. The Holocene history of Lop Nur and its palaeoclimate implications. Quaternary Science Reviews
LüH, XiaX, LiuJ, QinX, WangF, YidilisiA, ZhouL, MuG, JiaoY, LiJ. 2010. A preliminary study of chronology for a newly discovered ancient city and five archaeological sites in Lop Nor, China. Chinese Science Bulletin
MaD. 1995. An overview of 20th century Xinjiang explorations. Social Sciences in China
MengF. 2014. The nature of ancient Loulan city. In: Jiao Y, editor. The Culture and History of Loulan Xijiang. Urumqi: People’s Publishing House. p 39–47.
QinX, LiuJ, JiaH, LuH, XiaX, ZhouL, MuG, XuQ, JiaoY. 2011. New evidence of agricultural activity and environmental change associated with the ancient Loulan kingdom, China, around 1500 years ago. The Holocene
SheppardP, TarasovPE, GraumlichL, HeussnerKU, WagnerM, ÖsterleH, ThompsonL. 2004. Annual precipitation since 515 BC reconstructed from living and fossil juniper growth of northeastern Qinghai Province, China. Climate Dynamics
SimaQ. 1959. Shiji (Historical Records). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.
SteinMA. 1921. SerIndia(5 vols.). London: Oxford University.
WangBH. 2014. Centennial archaeology of Loulan. In: Jiao Y, editor. The Culture and History of Loulan Xijiang. Urumqi: People’s Publishing House. p 73–77.
WangZ. 2010. The changes of Lop Nur Lake and the disappearance of Loulan. Journal of Arid Land
WuJ, LiuJ, WangS. 2004. Climatic evolution indicated by isotopic records from the Aibi Lake sediments of Xinjiang region during the last 1500 years. Quaternary Sciences
WünnemannB, ChenF, RiedelF, ZhangC, MischkeS, ChenG, DemskeD, MingJ. 2003. Holocene lake deposits of Bosten Lake, southern Xinjiang, China. Chinese Science Bulletin
XiaXC, WangFB, ZhaoYJ. 2007. Lop Nur of China. Beijing: Science Press.
XiaoXY. 2006. Summary of Archaeology in Luolan-Shanshan (in Chinese). Western Regions Studies
YangB, BraeuningA, JohnsonKR, YafengS. 2002a. General characteristics of temperature variation in China during the last two millennia. Geophysical research letters
YangB, BraeuningA, YafengS, FahuC. 2004. Evidence for a late Holocene warm and humid climate period and environmental characteristics in the arid zones of northwest China during 2.2∼1.8 kyr BP. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
YangB, WangJ, BräuningA, DongZ, EsperJ. 2009. Late Holocene climatic and environmental changes in arid central Asia. Quaternary International
YangX, ZhuZ, JaekelD, OwenL, HanJ. 2002b. Late Quaternary palaeoenvironment change and landscape evolution along the Keriya River, Xinjiang, China: the relationship between high mountain glaciation and landscape evolution in foreland desert regions. Quaternary International
YaoT, ThompsonL, QinD, TianL. 1996. Variations in temperature and precipitation in the past 2000 a on the Xizang (Tibet) Plateau–Guliya ice core record. Science in China (Series D)
YuanG, ZhaoZ. 1999. Relationship between the rise and decline of ancient Loulan Town and environmental changes. Chinese Geographical Science
ZhangJ, LuH, WuN, QinX, WangL. 2013. Palaeoenvironment and agriculture of ancient Loulan and Milan on the Silk Road. The Holocene
ZhangQB, ChengG, YaoT, KangX, HuangJ. 2003. A 2,326-year tree-ring record of climate variability on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plate. Geophysical research letters
Zhu Z, Chen Z, Wu Z, Li J, Li B, Wu G.
1981. Study of Aeolian Geomorphology of Taklimakan Desert. Beijing: Science Press.