Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Sources of Carbon to Deep-Sea Corals

  • Sheila Griffin (a1) and Ellen R M Druffel (a1)
Abstract

Radiocarbon measurements in deep-sea corals from the Little Bahama Bank were used to determine the source of carbon to the skeletal matrices. Specimens of Lophelia, Gerardia, Paragorgia johnsoni and Corallium noibe were sectioned according to visible growth rings and/or stem diameter. We determined that the source of carbon to the corals accreting organic matter was primarily from surface-derived sources. Those corals that accrete a calcerous skeleton were found to obtain their carbon solely from dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in sea water from the depth at which the corals grew. These results, in conjunction with growth-rate studies using short-lived radioisotopes, support the use of deep-sea corals to reconstruct time histories of transient and non-transient tracers at depth in the oceans.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Sources of Carbon to Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Sources of Carbon to Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Sources of Carbon to Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Broecker, W S, Gerard, R, Ewing, M and Heezen, B C, 1960, Natural radiocarbon in the Atlantic Ocean: Jour Research, v 65, p 29032931.
Druffel, E R M, 1982, Banded corals: changes in oceanic carbon-14 during the Little Ice Age: Science, v 218, p 1319.
Druffel, E R M and King, L (ms), Corals as recorders of chemical properties in the deep sea: Ms in preparation.
Druffel, E R M and Linick, T W, 1978, Radiocarbon in annual coral rings from Florida: Geophys Research Letters, v 5, p 913916.
Duncan, P M, 1877, On the rapidity of growth and variability of some Madreporaria on an Atlantic cable with remarks upon the rate of accumulation of foraminiferal deposits: Ann Mag Nat Hist, ser 4, v 20, p 361365.
Emerson, S C, Stump, C, Grootes, P, Stuiver, M, Farwell, G and Schmidt, F, 1987, Estimates of degradable organic carbon in deep-sea surface sediments from 14C concentrations: Nature, v 329, p 5153.
Goreau, T F and Goreau, N I, 1960, The physiology of skeleton formation in corals, IV, On isotopic equilibrium exchanges of calcium between corallium and environment in living and deep reef-building corals: Biol Bull Marine Biol Lab, Woods Hole, v 119, p 416427.
Griffin, S and Druffel, E R M, 1985, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Radiocarbon Laboratory: Sample treatment and gas preparation: Radiocarbon, v 27, no. 1, p 4351.
Grigg, R W, 1974, Distribution and abundance of precious corals in Hawaii, in Cameron, A M, ed, Internatl coral reef symposium, 2nd, Proc: Brisbane, Australia, v 2, p 235240.
Kroopnik, P M, 1985, The distribution of 13C of ΣCO2 in the world oceans: Deep-sea Research, v 32, no. 1, p 5784.
Mikkelsen, N, Erlenkeuser, E, Killingley, J S and Berger, W H, 1982, Norwegian corals: radiocarbon and stable isotopes in Lophelia pertusa : Boreas, v 11, p 163171.
Mullins, H T, Newton, C R, Heath, K and Vanburen, H M, 1981, Modern deep-water coral mounds north of Little Bahama Bank: Criteria for recognition of deep-water biotherms in the rock record: Jour Sed Petrol, v 51, no. 3, p 9991013.
Neumann, A C, Kofold, J W and Keller, G H, 1977, Lithoherms in the Straits of Florida: Geology, v 5, p 410.
Newton, C R, Mullins, H T, Garduski, A F, Hine, A C and Dix, G R, 1987, Coral mounds on the West Florida Slope: Unanswered questions regarding the development of deep-water banks: Soc Economic Paleontologists & Mineralogists, Research Repts, p 359367.
Pourtales, L F, 1868, Contributions to the Gulf Stream at great depths: Bull Mus Comp Zool, Harvard, v 1, p 103142.
Pratje, O, 1924, Korallenbänke in tiefen und kühlen Wässer: Centralbl f Min Geol, p 410415.
Schuhmacher, H and Zibrowius, H, 1985, What is hermatypic? A redefinition of ecological groups in corals and other organisms: Coral Reefs, v 4, p 19.
Sikes, E (ms), 1984, Bioerosion of deep carbonates by macro-endoliths: Masters's thesis, Univ North Carolina, 120 p.
Squires, D F, 1964, Fossil coral thickets in Wairarapa, New Zealand: Jour Paleontol, v 38, no. 5, p 904915.
Stuiver, M and Ostlund, H G, 1980, GEOSECS Atlantic radiocarbon: Radiocarbon, v 22, no. 1, p 124.
Stuiver, M and Polach, H A, 1977, Discussion: Reporting of 14C data: Radiocarbon, v 19, no. 3, p 355363.
Teichert, C, 1958, Cold and deep-water coral banks: Bull Am Assoc Petrol Geol, v 42, no. 5, p 10641082.
Vaughan, T W and Wells, J G, 1943, Revision of the suborders, families and genera of the Schleractinia: Geol Soc America Spec Paper, v 144, p 1363.
Wells, J G, 1956, Scleractinia. Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part F, Coelenterata, in Moore, R C, ed, Geol Soc America, Univ Kansas, p 328444.
Williams, P M and Druffel, E R M, 1987, Radiocarbon in dissolved organic matter in the Central North Pacific Ocean: Nature, v 330, no. 6145, p 246248.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed