Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5d6d958fb5-w6vhv Total loading time: 0.302 Render date: 2022-11-29T15:51:41.054Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Article contents

The Use of Radiocarbon to Measure the Effects of Earthworms On Soil Development

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

J D Stout
Affiliation:
Soil Bureau, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
K M Goh
Affiliation:
Lincoln College, Canterbury, New Zealand
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Δ14C and δ13C values for organic matter in forest and grassland soils, in the presence or absence of earthworms, indicate that it should be possible to quantify the effects of earthworms on soil organic matter by this means. Without earthworms, both in forest and grassland soils, plant debris tends to accumulate on the surface of the mineral soil and little organic matter is incorporated into or is translocated down the soil profile. Where earthworms are present, there is much more marked incorporation of fresh plant debris in the mineral soil. This is shown especially by the pulse of ‘bomb’ carbon and also by the δ13C values.

Type
Soils and Groundwater
Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science

References

Edwards, C A and Lofty, J R, 1977, Biology of earthworms, 2nd ed: London, Chapman and Hall, p 333.Google Scholar
Lee, K E, 1959, The earthworm fauna of New Zealand: Wellington, New Zealand Dept Sci & Indust Research Bull, v 130, p 486.Google Scholar
Likens, G, Borman, F H, Pierce, R S, Eaton, J S, and Johnson, N M, 1977, Biogeochemistry of a forested ecosystem: New York, Springer Verlag, p 146.10.1007/978-1-4615-9993-7Google Scholar
Nakha, S M and Delibrias, G, 1967, Utilisation du carbonne-14 d'origine thermonucleaire par l'étude de la dynamique du carbonne dans le sol, in Radiocarbon dating and methods of low-level counting: Vienna, I A E A, p 169176.Google Scholar
O'Brien, B J and Stout, J D, 1978, Movement and turnover of soil organic matter as indicated by carbon isotope measurements: Soil Biol Biochem, v 10, p 309317.10.1016/0038-0717(78)90028-7Google Scholar
Phillipson, J, Abel, R, Steel, J, and Woodell, S R J, 1978, Earthworm numbers, biomass and respiratory metabolism in a beech woodland — Wytham Woods, Oxford: Oecologia (Berlin), v 33, p 291309.Google Scholar
Phillipson, J, Putnam, J, Steel, J, and Woodell, S R J, 1975, Litter input, litter decomposition and evolution of carbon dioxide in a beech woodland: Oecologia (Berlin), v 20, p 203217.10.1007/BF00347473Google Scholar
Rafter, T A and Stout, J D, 1970, Radiocarbon measurements as an index of the rate of turnover of organic matter in forest and grassland ecosystems in New Zealand, in Olsson, I U, ed, Radiocarbon variations and absolute chronology, Nobel symposium, 12th, Proc: Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell, p 401417.Google Scholar
Stout, J D, Tate, K R, and Molloy, L F, 1976, Decomposition processes in New Zealand soils with particular respect to rates and pathways of plant degradation, in The role of terrestrial and aquatic organisms in decomposition processes, in Symposium of the British Ecology Society, 17th: Oxford, Blackwell Sci Pub, p 95144.Google Scholar
Waters, R A S, 1955, Numbers and weights of earthworms under a highly productive pasture: New Zealand Jour Sci Technol, v A36, p 516525.Google Scholar
White, G, 1951, The natural history of Selbourne: London, Lutterworth Press, p 308.Google Scholar
You have Access
14
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Use of Radiocarbon to Measure the Effects of Earthworms On Soil Development
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The Use of Radiocarbon to Measure the Effects of Earthworms On Soil Development
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The Use of Radiocarbon to Measure the Effects of Earthworms On Soil Development
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *