Skip to main content

Hyper-minimizing minimized deterministic finite state automata

  • Andrew Badr (a1), Viliam Geffert (a2) and Ian Shipman (a3)

We present the first (polynomial-time) algorithm for reducing a given deterministic finite state automaton (DFA) into a hyper-minimized DFA, which may have fewer states than the classically minimized DFA. The price we pay is that the language recognized by the new machine can differ from the original on a finite number of inputs. These hyper-minimized automata are optimal, in the sense that every DFA with fewer states must disagree on infinitely many inputs. With small modifications, the construction works also for finite state transducers producing outputs. Within a class of finitely differing languages, the hyper-minimized automaton is not necessarily unique. There may exist several non-isomorphic machines using the minimum number of states, each accepting a separate language finitely-different from the original one. We will show that there are large structural similarities among all these smallest automata.

Hide All
[1] A.V. Aho, J.E. Hopcroft and J.D. Ullman, The Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms. Addison-Wesley (1976).
[2] Bertoni, A., Mereghetti, C. and Pighizzini, G., An optimal lower bound for nonregular languages. Inform. Process. Lett. 50 (1994) 289292. (Corrigendum: Inform. Process. Lett. 52 (1994) 339).
[3] G. Brassard and P. Bratley, Fundamentals of Algorithmics. Prentice Hall (1996).
[4] Chrobak, M., Finite automata and unary languages. Theoret. Comput. Sci. 47 (1986) 149158. (Corrigendum: Theoret. Comput. Sci. 302 (2003) 497–498).
[5] V. Geffert, (Non)determinism and the size of one-way finite automata, in Proc. Descr. Compl. Formal Syst. IFIP & Univ. Milano (2005) 23–37.
[6] Geffert, V., Magic numbers in the state hierarchy of finite automata, in Proc. Math. Found. Comput. Sci., Springer-Verlag. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 4162 (2006) 412423.
[7] Geffert, V., Mereghetti, C. and Pighizzini, G., Converting two-way nondeterministic unary automata into simpler automata. Theoret. Comput. Sci. 295 (2003) 189203.
[8] J. Hopcroft, R. Motwani and J. Ullman, Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages and Computation. Addison-Wesley (2001).
[9] J.E. Hopcroft, An algorithm for minimizing the states in a finite automaton, in The Theory of Machines and Computations, edited by Z. Kohave, pp. 189–196. Academic Press (1971).
[10] J.E. Hopcroft and J.D. Ullman, Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages and Computation. Addison-Wesley (1979).
[11] Huffman, D.A., The synthesis of sequential switching circuits. J. Franklin Inst. 257 (1954) 161190 and 275–303.
[12] Mereghetti, C. and Pighizzini, G., Optimal simulations between unary automata. SIAM J. Comput. 30 (2001) 19761992.
[13] E.F. Moore, Gedanken experiments on sequential machines, in Automata Studies, edited by C.E. Shannon and J. McCarthy, pp. 129–153. Princeton University Press (1956).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications
  • ISSN: 0988-3754
  • EISSN: 1290-385X
  • URL: /core/journals/rairo-theoretical-informatics-and-applications
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed