Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-6c8bd87754-5dxdz Total loading time: 2.504 Render date: 2022-01-18T08:37:48.697Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Global Expressivism by the Method of Differences

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 September 2019

Huw Price*
Affiliation:
University of Cambridge

Abstract

In this piece I characterise global expressivism, as I understand it, by contrasting it with five other views: the so-called Canberra Plan; Moorean non-naturalism and platonism; ‘relaxed realism’ and quietism; local expressivism; and response-dependent realism. Some other familiar positions, including fictionalism, error theories, and idealism, are also mentioned, but as sub-cases to one of these five.

Type
Papers
Copyright
Copyright © The Royal Institute of Philosophy and the contributors 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1 Dummett, Michael, ‘What is a Theory of Meaning? (II)’, in Evans, Gareth and McDowell, John, eds., Truth and Meaning (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976), 67137Google Scholar, at 83.

2 See, e.g., Macarthur, David and Price, Huw, ‘Pragmatism, Quasi-realism and the Global Challenge’, in Misak, Cheryl, ed., The New Pragmatists (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), 91120Google Scholar.

3 See Price, Huw, ‘Expressivism for Two Voices’, in Knowles, J. and Rydenfelt, H., eds., Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism (Zürich: Peter Lang, 2011), 87113Google Scholar.

4 For example, Schroeder, Mark, Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

5 For example, Gert, Joshua, ‘Neo-pragmatism, Representationalism and the Emotions’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (2018), 454478CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

6 See Jackson, Frank, From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998)Google Scholar, and the essays in Braddon-Mitchell, David and Nola, Robert, eds., Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2009)Google Scholar.

7 Haukioja, J., Review of Braddon-Mitchell, David and Nola, Robert (eds.), Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism, MIT Press, 2009Google Scholar. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 14.08.2009.

8 Price, Huw, Naturalism Without Mirrors (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)Google Scholar, at 14.

9 Huw Price, op cit, 15; Blackburn, Simon, Ruling Passions: A Theory of Practical Reasoning (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 78Google Scholar.

10 Peter Menzies and Huw Price, ‘Is Semantics in the Plan?’, in D. Braddon-Mitchell and R. Nola, op. cit. note 2; Price, Huw, ‘The Semantic Foundations of Metaphysics’, in Ravenscroft, Ian, ed., Minds, Worlds and Conditionals: Essays in Honour of Frank Jackson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), 111140CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

11 Williams, Michael, ‘How Pragmatists Can Be Local Expressivists’, in Price, Huw, Blackburn, Simon, Brandom, Robert, Horwich, Paul, and Williams, Michael, Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 128144CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

12 Blackburn, Simon, Ruling Passions: A Theory of Practical Reasoning (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 319Google Scholar.

13 Price, Huw, ‘Naturalism without Representationalism’, in Macarthur, David and de Caro, Mario, eds., Naturalism in Question (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004), 7188Google Scholar.

14 Blackburn, Simon, ‘Morals and Modals’, in Essays in Quasi-Realism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 5274Google Scholar, at 57.

15 Ramsey, F. P., ‘General Propositions and Causality’, in Mellor, D. H., ed., Foundations: Essays in Philosophy, Logic, Mathematics and Economics (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978), 133–51Google Scholar, at 134.

16 McGrath, Sarah, ‘Relax? Don't Do It! Why Moral Realism Won't Come Cheap’, Oxford Studies in Metaethics 9 (2014), 186214CrossRefGoogle Scholar, at 187. The works cited are Dworkin, Ronald, Justice for Hedgehogs (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Parfit, Derek, On What Matters, Volume 1 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)Google Scholar; and Scanlon, Thomas, Being Realistic About Reasons (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

17 Op. cit., 187.

18 See McDowell, John, Mind and World (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994)Google Scholar; Campbell, John, ‘A simple view of colour’, in Haldane, J. and Wright, C., eds., Reality: Representation and Projection. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993), 257268Google Scholar; Caro, Mario De and Macarthur, David, eds., Naturalism and Normativity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010)Google Scholar; and Hale, Bob and Wright, Crispin, The Reason's Proper Study : Essays Towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

19 See Price, Huw, ‘Idling and Sidling toward Philosophical Peace’, in Gross, Steven, Tebben, Nicholas, and Williams, Michael, eds., Meaning without Representation: Essays on Truth, Expression, Normativity, and Naturalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 307330CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

20 McDowell, John, ‘Values and Secondary Qualities’, in Mind, Value, and Reality (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998), 131–50Google Scholar, at 146.

21 For related criticism of relaexed realism, see Ridge, Michael, ‘Relaxing Realism or Deferring Debate?’, Journal of Philosophy 116 (2019), 149173CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

22 Kraut, Robert, ‘Varieties of Pragmatism’, Mind 99 (1990), 157183CrossRefGoogle Scholar, at 159.

23 Macarthur, David and Price, Huw, ‘Pragmatism, Quasi-realism and the Global Challenge’, in Misak, Cheryl, ed., The New Pragmatists (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), 91120Google Scholar.

24 See, for example, O'Leary-Hawthorne, John and Price, Huw, ‘How to Stand Up for Non-cognitivists’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1996), 275292CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

25 Versions of that argument may be found in McDowell, John, ‘Anti-realism and the Epistemology of Understanding’, in Bouveresse, J. and Parret, H., eds, Meaning and Understanding (Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1981), 225248Google Scholar; Boghossian, Paul, ‘The Status of Content’, Philosophical Review 99 (1990), 157184CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Wright, Crispin, Truth and Objectivity (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1992)Google Scholar; and Humberstone, Lloyd, ‘Critical Notice of F. Jackson, Conditionals’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1991), 227234CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

26 As I put it in Facts and the Function of Truth (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988), the problem isn't in getting the projectivist project (as we then called it) on the road; it is in stopping it anywhere short of a global conclusion.

27 A powerful framework to develop this idea is that of Brandom, Robert, Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar. When Brandom asks what one has to be able to do, in order to say particular things, this is an enquiry about the pragmatic grounds of a discourse, in my terminology.

28 Price, Huw, ‘Two Paths to Pragmatism’, in Menzies, Peter, ed., Response-Dependent Concepts (Canberra: Philosophy Program, RSSS, ANU), 4682Google Scholar; updated version reprinted as ‘Two Paths to Pragmatism II’, in R. Casati and C. Tappolet, eds., European Review of Philosophy 3 (1998), 109–147.

29 See also the discussion in Price, HuwEpilogue: Ramsey's Ubiquitous Pragmatism’, in Misak, Cheryl and Price, Huw, eds., The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in the British Long Twentieth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 149162Google Scholar, at 155–156.

30 See my ‘Prospects for Global Expressivism’, in Price, Huw, Blackburn, Simon, Brandom, Robert, Horwich, Paul, and Williams, Michael, Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 147194CrossRefGoogle Scholar, especially Section 5; and Price, Huw, ‘Wilfrid Sellars meets Cambridge Pragmatism’, in Pereplyotchik, David and Barnbaum, Deborah, eds., Sellars and Contemporary Philosophy (New York and London: Routledge, 2017), 123140Google Scholar.

31 There may be more to be said about whether the response of this section leaves any real disagreement between GE and LE. Matthew Simpson, ‘What is Global Expressivism?’, Philosophical Quarterly, forthcoming, argues that it does not. In one sense this conclusion is congenial to me, for I don't want there to be a coherent alternative to GE in this neighbourhood. But it does seem overly charitable to traditional proponents of LE, who didn't have the e-representation/i-representation distinction on which the irenic resolution depends.

32 See their respective contributions to Haldane, J. and Wright, C., eds., Reality, Representation, and Projection, (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)Google Scholar: Wright's ‘Realism: The Contemporary Debate—W(h)ither Now?’, 63–84; and Johnston's ‘Objectivity Refigured: Pragmatism Without Verificationism’, 85–130.

33 Blackburn, Simon, Essays in Quasi-Realism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 1011Google Scholar.

34 Huw Price, ‘Two Paths to Pragmatism’, op. cit., note 28.

35 Brandom, Robert, Articulating Reasons: An Introduction to Inferentialism (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2000), 4Google Scholar.

36 Op. cit., 4.

37 Op. cit., 12.

38 In Huw Price ‘Epilogue: Ramsey's Ubiquitous Pragmatism’, op. cit. note 29, and ‘Wilfrid Sellars meets Cambridge Pragmatism’, op. cit. note 30.

39 Op. cit. note 13, 141.

40 Misak, Cheryl, ‘Ramsey's 1929 Pragmatism’, in Misak, Cheryl and Price, Huw, eds., The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in the British Long Twentieth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 1128CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

41 See Huw Price ‘Epilogue: Ramsey's Ubiquitous Pragmatism’, op. cit. note 28, 152–156.

42 Holton, Richard and Price, Huw, ‘Ramsey on Saying and Whistling: a Discordant Note’, Noûs 37 (2003), 325341CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

3
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Global Expressivism by the Method of Differences
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Global Expressivism by the Method of Differences
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Global Expressivism by the Method of Differences
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *