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Spanish Version of the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS) for Adolescents

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2013

Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera*
Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Spain)
Patricia Bolaños Ríos
Instituto de Ciencias de la Conducta (Spain)
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera. Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Área de Nutrición y Bromatología. Carretera de Utrera Km. 1. 41013 Sevilla. (Spain). E-mail:


The need to study the positive aspects of body image led to the design of the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS). The aim of the present study was to develop a Spanish adaptation of the BAS for adolescents, testing its factor structure, construct validity and any differences between girls and boys. Participants were 312 adolescents aged between 12 and 20; there were 148 females and 164 males. The validation analysis of the BAS revealed a one-factor structure with adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .908) and construct validity (correlations with body mass index, influence of the body shape model, perceived stress, coping strategies, self-esteem and variables from the Eating Disorders Inventory-2), as well as significant differences between boys and girls (p < .01). The BAS is suitable for administration in a Spanish adolescent population as a way of analysing the positive aspects of body image.

La necesidad de estudiar los aspectos positivos de la imagen corporal, llevó a diseñar la Escala de apreciación corporal (EAC). El objetivo de este trabajo fue desarrollar una adaptación española de la EAC para adolescentes analizando su estructura factorial y consistencia interna, la validez de constructo y las diferencias entre chicas y chicos. La muestra estuvo formada por 312 adolescentes, de entre 12 y 20 años, de los que 148 eran chicas y 164 chicos. El análisis reveló una estructura unifactorial con adecuada consistencia interna (coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,908) y validez de constructo (correlaciones con el índice de masa corporal, influencia del modelo estético corporal, estrés percibido, estrategias de afrontamiento, autoestima y variables del Inventario de trastornos alimentarios-2), así como diferencias significativas entre chicos y chicas (p < 0,01). La EAC es adecuada como instrumento para analizar los aspectos positivos de la imagen corporal en adolescentes españoles.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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