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Spanish Version of the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS) for Adolescents

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2013

Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera*
Affiliation:
Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Spain)
Patricia Bolaños Ríos
Affiliation:
Instituto de Ciencias de la Conducta (Spain)
*
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera. Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Área de Nutrición y Bromatología. Carretera de Utrera Km. 1. 41013 Sevilla. (Spain). E-mail: igjl@upo.es

Abstract

The need to study the positive aspects of body image led to the design of the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS). The aim of the present study was to develop a Spanish adaptation of the BAS for adolescents, testing its factor structure, construct validity and any differences between girls and boys. Participants were 312 adolescents aged between 12 and 20; there were 148 females and 164 males. The validation analysis of the BAS revealed a one-factor structure with adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .908) and construct validity (correlations with body mass index, influence of the body shape model, perceived stress, coping strategies, self-esteem and variables from the Eating Disorders Inventory-2), as well as significant differences between boys and girls (p < .01). The BAS is suitable for administration in a Spanish adolescent population as a way of analysing the positive aspects of body image.

La necesidad de estudiar los aspectos positivos de la imagen corporal, llevó a diseñar la Escala de apreciación corporal (EAC). El objetivo de este trabajo fue desarrollar una adaptación española de la EAC para adolescentes analizando su estructura factorial y consistencia interna, la validez de constructo y las diferencias entre chicas y chicos. La muestra estuvo formada por 312 adolescentes, de entre 12 y 20 años, de los que 148 eran chicas y 164 chicos. El análisis reveló una estructura unifactorial con adecuada consistencia interna (coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,908) y validez de constructo (correlaciones con el índice de masa corporal, influencia del modelo estético corporal, estrés percibido, estrategias de afrontamiento, autoestima y variables del Inventario de trastornos alimentarios-2), así como diferencias significativas entre chicos y chicas (p < 0,01). La EAC es adecuada como instrumento para analizar los aspectos positivos de la imagen corporal en adolescentes españoles.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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