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Abstract Construal Level and its Link to Self-Control and to Cross-Situational Consistency in Self-Concept: Predicting Health-Risk Behavioral Intentions

  • Itziar Fernández (a1), Amparo Caballero (a2), Dolores Muñoz (a2), Pilar Aguilar (a3) and Pilar Carrera (a2)...


From a dispositional perspective, we extend the action identification theory (Vallacher & Wegner, 1987) and construal level theory (Trope & Liberman, 2003) to cross-situational consistency of self and self-control. Two studies examined the relationships among the abstract mindset (Vallacher & Wegner, 1989), cross-situational consistency in self-concept (Vignoles et al., 2016), and self-control (Tangney, Baumeister, and Boone 2004). In Study 1, participants (N = 725) characterized by high cross-situational consistency showed more abstraction in their thinking (p < .001, ηp2 = .17). In Study 2 (N = 244) cross-situational consistency and self-control explained 10% of construal level, with self-control being a significant predictor (p < .001). Construal level and cross-situational consistency explained 17% of self-control; both were significant predictors (p < .001). Self-control explained 8% of cross-situational consistency (p < .001). Study 2 showed that participants with higher levels of abstraction, cross-situational consistency, and self-control reported a greater intention to control their future sugar intake (p < .001). Data supported relationships among abstract construal level, cross-situational consistency and self-control.


Corresponding author

*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Amparo Caballero, Departamento de Psicología Social y de Metodología de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Calle Iván Pavlov, 6. 28049 Madrid (Spain). E-mail:


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Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, PSI 2014–53321–P



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The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
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