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A Revised Thai Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support

  • Nahathai Wongpakaran (a1) and Tinakon Wongpakaran (a1)

In order to ensure the construct validity of the three-factor model of the Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and based on the assumption that it helps users differentiate between sources of social support, in this study a revised version was created and tested. The aim was to compare the level of model fit of the original version of the MSPSS against the revised version - which contains a minor change from the original. The study was conducted on 486 medical students who completed the original and revised versions of the MSPSS, as well as the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and Beck Depression Inventory II (Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996). Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to compare the results, showing that the revised version of MSPSS demonstrated a good internal consistency - with a Cronbach's alpha of .92 for the MSPSS questionnaire, and a significant correlation with the other scales, as predicted. The revised version provided better internal consistency, increasing the Cronbach's alpha for the Significant Others sub-scale from 0.86 to 0.92. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed an acceptable model fit: χ2 128.11, df 51, p < .001; TLI 0.94; CFI 0.95; GFI 0.90; PNFI 0.71; AGFI 0.85; RMSEA 0.093 (0.073-0.113) and SRMR 0.042, which is better than the original version. The tendency of the new version was to display a better level of fit with a larger sample size. The limitations of the study are discussed, as well as recommendations for further study.

En este trabajo se creó y probó una nueva versión de la Escala multidimensional de soporte social percibido (siglas en inglés: MSPSS); con el objetivo de asegurar su validez de constructo. Se comparó el nivel de ajuste del modelo de la versión original del MSPSS con la versión revisada que incluye cambios menores con respecto a aquella. En el estudio participaron 486 estudiantes de medicina que completaron ambas versiones del instrumento en cuestión, así como la Escala de autoestima de Rosenberg y el inventario de depresión de Beck II (Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996). El análisis factorial confirmatorio realizado para comparar los resultados, mostró que la versión revisada del cuestionario MSPSS presentaba una buena consistencia interna, con un alfa de Cronbach de .92, y una correlación significativa con otras escalas, tal y como se predijo. La versión revisada mostró una mejor consistencia interna, incrementándose el alfa de Crombach para la subescala de Otros significantes de .86 a .92. El análisis factorial confirmatorio reveló un aceptable modelo de ajuste: χ2 128.11, df 51, p < 0.001; TLI 0.94; CFI 0.95; GFI 0.90; PNFI 0.71;AGFI 0.85; RMSEA 0.093 (0.073-0.113) y SRMR 0.042, mejorándose la versión original. La nueva versión tendía a mostrar un mejor nivel de ajuste con un mayor tamaño muestral. Se discuten las limitaciones del estudio, así como las recomendaciones para estudios futuros.

Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Nahathai Wongpakaran, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawarorot Rd., Tambon Sriphoom, Amphur Muang, Chiang Mai, 50200 (Kingdom of Thailand). Phone: +66-53945422. Fax: +66-53945426. E-mail:
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