Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Traits that Define the Different Alcohol Intensive Consume Type during the Practice of “Botellon”

  • Begoña Espejo (a1), María Teresa Cortés (a1), Beatriz Martín del Río (a2), José Antonio Giménez (a1) and Consolación Gómez (a3)...

There is a phenomenon contributing to the current pattern of alcohol consumption among youngsters in Spain known as “botellon”. From research financed by the National Plan on Drugs (2004-2007), data of 6009 youngsters (14-25 years old) were collected from three Spanish cities. Only individuals who engage in intensive consumption of alcohol (n = 2807) have been included. The purpose of this work has been to identify the different types of consumers at risk through a cluster analysis and to establish a profile for each particular group.

Four groups were differentiated by age, gender, alcohol consumption and years of consumption. It was observed that adolescent students and university students of the same sex consume similar quantities of alcohol, and justify their consumption alluding to personal factors, whereas university students refer to issues related to control of leisure. The consumption by males is the highest, and they are the most likely to seek drunkenness. They associate to a lesser degree their consumption with the possibility of developing an addictive process. In general, all youngsters consider that their consumption will have no negative consequences. These results indicate the need to come up with different alternatives, addressing the particularities of each group.

Un fenómeno que en España favorece el actual patrón de consumo de alcohol juvenil es el conocido como botellón. A partir de una investigación financiada por el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (2004-2007), se recogieron datos de 6009 jóvenes entre 14 y 25 años en tres ciudades españolas, considerando para este trabajo a quienes realizan episodios de consumo intensivo de alcohol (n = 2807). El objetivo ha sido identificar los distintos tipos de consumidores de riesgo intensivos mediante un análisis de conglomerados y establecer el perfil característico de cada uno.

Se diferencian cuatro grupos en función de la edad, sexo, cantidad de alcohol y años de consumo. Los estudiantes de secundaria ingieren cantidades de alcohol similares a las de los universitarios de su mismo sexo y aluden a aspectos personales para justificar este consumo, mientras que los universitarios hacen referencia a cuestiones asociadas al control del ocio. Los varones son quienes más consumen y más buscan la borrachera, aunque asocian en menor grado su ingesta con la posibilidad de desarrollar un proceso adictivo. En general, todos los jóvenes consideran que su consumo no tendrá consecuencias negativas. Estos resultados indican la necesidad de proponer alternativas diferentes atendiendo a las peculiaridades de cada grupo.

Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Begoña Espejo Tort. Facultad de Psicología, Avda. Blasco Ibáñez, 21. 46010-Valencia (Spain). E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. T. Cortés , B. Espejo , & J. A. Giménez (2007). Características que definen el fenómeno del botellón en universitarios y adolescentes [Characteristics that define the “botellon” in university students and adolescents]. Adicciones, 19, 357372.

W. Farke , & P. Anderson (2007). El consumo concentrado de alcohol en Europa [Binge drinking in Europe]. Adicciones, 19, 333340.

K. M. Jackson (2008). Heavy episodic drinking: Determining the predictive utility of five or more drinks. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22, 6877.

E. Kuntsche , J. Rehm , & G. Gmel (2004). Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe. Social Science & Medicine, 59, 113127.

J. E. Lange , & R. B. Voas (2001). Defining binge drinking quantities through resulting blood alcohol concentrations. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 310316.

C. A. Marczinski , S. W. Comb , & M. T. Fillmore (2007). Increased sensitivity to the disinhibiting effects of alcohol in binge drinkers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21, 346354.

J. W. Miller , T. Naimi , R. Brewer , & S. Everett Jones (2007). Binge drinking and associated health risk behaviors among high school students. Pediatrics, 119, 7685.

H. W. Perkins , W. DeJong , & J. Linkenbach (2001). Estimated blood alcohol levels reached by “binge” and “nonbinge” drinkers: A survey of young adults in Montana. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 317320.

R. Turrisi (1999). Cognitive and attitudinal factors in the analysis of alternatives to binge drinking. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 15121535.

T. H. Wagner , K. M. Harris , B. Federman , L. Dai , Y. Luna , & K. Humphreys (2007). Prevalence of substance use disorders among veterans and comparable nonveterans from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Psychological Services, 4, 149157.

H. Wechsler , & T. F. Nelson (2001). Binge drinking and the American college student: What's five drinks? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 287291.

H. Wechsler , A. Davenport , G. W. Dowdall , B. A. Moeykens , & S. Castillo (1994). Health and behavioral consequences of binge drinking in college. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 272, 16721677.

A. White (2007, April). Alcohol: Una amenaza para el desarrollo neuropsicológico de los adolescentes [Alcohol: A threat to the neuropsychological development of adolescents]. Paper presented at the International Seminar on alcohol and brain damage in children. Madrid, Spain.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Spanish Journal of Psychology
  • ISSN: 1138-7416
  • EISSN: 1988-2904
  • URL: /core/journals/spanish-journal-of-psychology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 10 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 88 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.