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Autism and schizophrenia: One, two or many disorders?

  • Stephen J. Wood (a1)
Summary

Autism and psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia co-occur more frequently than would be expected by chance alone. Exactly why this should be remains unclear, but a better understanding would have important implications for diagnosis, treatment and for biological explanations of both conditions.

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References
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1 Bleuler, E. Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias. International Universities Press, 1950.
2 Bender, L. Childhood schizophrenia. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1947; 17: 4056.
3 Rutter, M. Childhood schizophrenia reconsidered. J Autism Dev Disord 1972; 2: 315–37.
4 Chisholm, K, Lin, A, Abu-Akel, A, Wood, SJ. The association between autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a review of eight alternate models of co-occurrence. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2015; 55: 173–83.
5 Larson, FV, Wagner, AP, Jones, PB, Tantam, D, Lai, M-C, Baron-Cohen, S, et al. Psychosis in autism: a comparison of the features of both conditions in a dually-affected cohort. Br J Psychiatry 2017: 210: 269–75.
6 Werling, DM, Geschwind, DH. Sex differences in autism spectrum disorders. Curr Opin Neurol 2013; 26: 146–53.
7 Abu-Akel, A, Wood, SJ, Hansen, PC, Apperly, IA. Perspective-taking abilities in the balance between autism tendencies and psychosis proneness. Proc Bio Sci 2015; 282: 20150563.
8 Abu-Akel, A, Apperly, IA, Wood, SJ, Hansen, PC. Autism and psychosis expressions diametrically modulate the right temporoparietal junction. Soc Neurosci 2016; June 3 (Epub ahead of print).
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Autism and schizophrenia: One, two or many disorders?

  • Stephen J. Wood (a1)
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