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Behaviour Symptoms among Severely and Profoundly Mentally Retarded Patients: A 16–18 Year Follow-Up Study

  • Andrew H. Reid and Brian R. Ballinger (a1)
Abstract
Background

Little is known about the natural history and evolution of behaviour symptoms and patterns in severely and profoundly mentally retarded adults. This paper reports a cohort study of 100 such adults.

Method

Abnormal behaviour symptoms and patterns have been followed, using a carer rating scale and the Modified Manifest Abnormality Scale of Goldberg's Clinical Interview Schedule (1970) by the same two consultant psychiatrists in 1975, 1981 and 1992.

Results

Emotional withdrawal, stereotypies and eye avoidance are particularly persistent. Carer ratings of noisiness and social withdrawal, and psychiatrist ratings of suspiciousness, overactivity and hostile irritability, are also persistent but to a lesser degree. Overall ratings of psychiatric disorder are persistent and act against successful community placement.

Conclusions

Abnormal behaviour patterns in severely and profoundly mentally retarded adults show only a modest degree of abatement over time. Care staff need a good understanding of clinical psychiatric and behaviour management techniques.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Reid, Royal Dundee Liff Hospital, Dundee DD2 5NF
Footnotes
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Figures in brackets refer to the 1975 survey.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Behaviour Symptoms among Severely and Profoundly Mentally Retarded Patients: A 16–18 Year Follow-Up Study

  • Andrew H. Reid and Brian R. Ballinger (a1)
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