Skodol, AE, Gunderson, JG, McGlashan, TH, Dyck, IR, Stout, RL, Bender, DS, et al Functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry
2002; 159: 276–83.
Grant, BF, Chou, SP, Goldstein, RB, Huang, B, Stinson, FS, Saha, TD, et al Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV borderline personality disorder: results from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. J Clin Psychiatry
2008; 69: 533–45.
Bender, DS, Dolan, RT, Skodol, AE, Sanislow, CA, Dyck, IR, McGlashan, TH, et al Treatment utilization by patients with personality disorders. Am J Psychiatry
2001; 158: 295–302.
Pompili, M, Girardi, P, Ruberto, A, Tatarelli, R. Suicide in borderline personality disorder: a meta-analysis. Nord J Psychiatry
2005; 59: 319–24.
Zimmerman, M, Mattia, JI. Differences between clinical and research practice in diagnosing borderline personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry
1999; 156: 1570–4.
Linehan, MM. Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder.
Guilford Press, 1993.
Grilo, CM, Becker, DF, Anez, LM, McGlashan, TH. Diagnostic efficiency of DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder: an evaluation in Hispanic men and women with substance use disorders. J Consult Clin Psychol
2004; 72: 126–31.
Pfohl, B, Coryell, W, Zimmerman, M, Stangl, D. DSM-III personality disorders: diagnostic overlap and internal consistency of individual DSM-III criteria. Compr Psychiatry
1986; 27: 22–34.
Nurnberg, H, Raskin, M, Levine, P, Pollack, S, Siegel, O, Prince, R. Hierarchy of DSM-III-R criteria efficiency for the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. J Pers Disord
1991; 5: 211–24.
First, MB, Spitzer, RL, Gibbon, M, Williams, JBW. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders – Patient edition (SCID-I/P, version 2.0).
Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1995.
Pfohl, B, Blum, N, Zimmerman, M. Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality.
American Psychiatric Press, 1997.
Zimmerman, M, Rothschild, L, Chelminski, I. The prevalence of DSM-IV personality disorders in psychiatric outpatients. Am J Psychiatry
2005; 162: 1911–8.