Porter, V, Buxton, WG, Fairbanks, LA, Strickland, T, O'Connor, SM, et al. Frequency and characteristics of anxiety
amongst patients with Alzheimer's disease and related
dementias. J Neuropsychiatry Clin
2003; 15: 180–6.
Teri, L, Logsdon, R, Uomoto, J, McCurry, SM. Behavioural treatment of depression in dementia
patients: a controlled clinical trial. J
1999; 52: 159–66.
Orrell, M, Bebbington, P. Psychosocial stress and anxiety in senile
dementia. J Affect Disord
1996; 39: 165–73.
Moretti, R, Torre, P, Antonello, R, Pizzolato, G. Atypical neuroleptics as a treatment of agitation
and anxiety in Alzheimer's disease: risks or benefits.
Expert Rev Neurother
2006; 6: 705–10.
Beck, AT, Clark, DA. An information processing model of anxiety:
automatic and strategic processes. Behav Res
Stanley, MA, Wilson, NL, Novy, DM, Rhoades, HM, Wagener, PD, Greisinger, AJ, et al. Cognitive behavior therapy for generalized
anxiety disorder among older adults in primary care – a randomized
clinical trial. JAMA
2009; 301: 1460–7.
Department of Health. Improving Access to
Psychological Therapies (IAPT). Department of
Spector, A, Thorgrimsen, L, Woods, B, Royan, L, Davies, S, Butterworth, M, et al. Efficacy of an evidence-based cognitive
stimulation therapy programme for people with dementia: randomised
controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry
2003; 183: 248–54.
Dagnan, D, Chadwick, P, Proudlove, J. Toward an assessment of suitability of people with
mental retardation for cognitive therapy. Cognit
2000; 24: 627–36.
Kipling, T, Bailey, M, Charlesworth, G. The feasibility of a cognitive behavioral therapy
group for men with mild to moderate cognitive impairment.
Behav Cogn Psychother
1999; 27: 189–93.
Paukert, AL, Calleo, J, Kraus-Schuman, C, Snow, L, Wilson, N, Petersen, NJ, et al. Peaceful mind: an open trial of
cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety in persons with
dementia. Int Psychogeriatr
2010; 22: 1012–21.
Stanley, MA, Calleo, J, Bush, AL, Wilson, N, Snow, AL, Kraus-Schuman, C, et al. The peaceful mind program: a pilot test of a
CBT-based intervention for anxious patients with
dementia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry
Craig, P, Dieppe, P, Macintyre, S, Michie, S, Nazareth, I, Petticrew, M, et al. Developing and evaluating complex
interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance.
Spector, A, Orrell, M, Lattimer, M, Hoe, J, King, M, Harwood, K, et al. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for
anxiety in people with dementia: study protocol for a randomised
controlled trial. Trials
2012; 13: 197.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (4th edn) (DSM-IV).
Hughes, CP, Berg, L, Danziger, WL, Coben, LA, Martin, RL. A new clinical scale for the staging of
dementia. Br J Psychiatry
1982; 140: 566–72.
Shankar, KK, Walker, M, Frost, D, Orrell, MW. The development of a valid and reliable scale for
Rating Anxiety in Dementia (RAID). Aging Ment
Qazi, A, Shankar, K, Orrell, M. Managing anxiety in people with dementia: a case
series. J Affect Disord
2003; 76: 261–5.
Alexopoulos, GS, Abrams, RC, Young, RC, Shamoian, CA. Cornell Scale for Depression in
Dementia. Biol Psychiatry
Zigmond, AS, Snaith, RP. “The Hospital Anxiety and Depression
Scale”. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1983; 67: 361–70.
Logsdon, RG, Gibbons, LE, McCurry, SM, Teri, L. Quality of life in Alzheimer's disease: patient and
caregiver reports. J Ment Health Aging
Cummings, JL, Mega, M, Gray, K, Rosenberg-Thompson, S, Carusi, DA, Gornbein, J, et al. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: comprehensive
assessment of psychopathology in dementia.
1994; 44: 2308–14.
Folstein, MF, Folstein, SE, McHugh, PR. “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading
the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.
J Psychiatr Res
1975; 12: 189–98.
Spruytte, N, van Audenhove, C, Lammertyn, F, Storms, G. The quality of caregiver and patient relationship in
informal care for older adults with dementia and chronic psychiatric
patients. Psychol Psychother
Blackburn, IM, James, IA, Milne, DL, Baker, C, Standart, S, et al. The Revised Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS-R):
Psychometric properties. Behav Cogn
2001; 29: 431–46.
Charlesworth, G, Sadek, S, Schepers, A, Spector, A. Cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety in people
with dementia. A clinician guideline for a person-centered
approach. In Behav Modif