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Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates

  • Ricardo Araya (a1), Graciela Rojas (a2), Rosemarie Fritsch (a2), Julia Acuña (a2) and Glyn Lewis (a3)...
Abstract
Background

There have been relatively few surveys in Latin America that have attempted to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in private households.

Aims

To determine the prevalence of common mental disorders and socio-demographic correlates among adults from Santiago, Chile.

Method

Cross-sectional survey of private households with a probabilistic sampling design was used. Common mental disorders were measured using the Clinical Interview Schedule–Revised (CIS–R).

Results

Three thousand eight hundred and seventy adults were interviewed. Twenty-five per cent were CIS–R cases and 13% met criteria for an ICD–10 diagnosis. Low education, female gender, unemployment, separation, low social status and lone parenthood were associated with a higher prevalence.

Conclusions

Prevalence rates were higher than those found in urban areas of Great Britain, both for ICD–10 diagnoses and ‘non-specific neurotic disorders’. Similar socio-demographic factors were associated with an increased prevalence of common mental disorders in Chile as in the UK. There is a need to unify methodologies to be able to compare results internationally.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr R. Araya, Senior Lecturer, Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Monmouth House, Heath Hospital, Cardiff CF14 4XN. E-mail: arayari@cf.ac.uk
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

This study was funded by the European Community.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates

  • Ricardo Araya (a1), Graciela Rojas (a2), Rosemarie Fritsch (a2), Julia Acuña (a2) and Glyn Lewis (a3)...
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