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Community mental health team management in severe mental illness: A systematic review

  • Shaeda Simmonds (a1), Jeremy Coid (a2), Philip Joseph (a3), Sarah Marriott (a4) and Petertyrer (a4)...
Abstract
Background

Community mental health teams are now generally recommended for the management of severe mental illness but a comparative evaluation of their effectiveness is lacking.

Aims

To assess the benefits of community mental health team management in severe mental illness.

Method

A systematic review was conducted of community mental health team management compared with other standard approaches.

Results

Community mental health team management is associated with fewer deaths by suicide and in suspicious circumstances (odds ratio=0.32, 95% CI 0.09–1.12), less dissatisfaction with care (odds ratio=0.34, 95% CI 0.2–0.59) and fewer drop-outs (odds ratio=0.61, 95% CI 0.45–0.83). Duration of in-patient psychiatric treatment is shorter with community team management and costs of care are less, but there are no gains in clinical symptomatology or social functioning.

Conclusions

Community mental health team management is superior to standard care in promoting greater acceptance of treatment, and may also reduce hospital admission and avoid deaths by suicide. This model of care is effective and deserves encouragement.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Shaeda Simmonds, Kensington, Chelsea and Westminster Health Authority, 50 Eastborne Terrace, London W2 6LX, UK
Footnotes
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See invited commentary, pp. 503–505, this issue.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
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Community mental health team management in severe mental illness: A systematic review

  • Shaeda Simmonds (a1), Jeremy Coid (a2), Philip Joseph (a3), Sarah Marriott (a4) and Petertyrer (a4)...
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