American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM – IV). Washington, DC: APA.
Billson, H., Pryer, J. A. & Nichols, R. (1999) Variation in fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in Britain. Analysis from the dietary and nutritional survey of British adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 53, 946–952.
Brown, S., Birtwistle, J., Roe, L., et al (1999) The unhealthy lifestyle of people with schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 29, 697–701.
Burtis, C. A. & Ashwood, E. R. (1999) Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry (3rd edn). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
Calle, E. E., Thun, M. J., Petrelli, J. M., et al (1999) Body mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. New England Journal of Medicine, 341, 1097–1105.
Dixon, L., Weiden, P., Delahunty, J., et al (2000) Prevalence and correlates of diabetesin natural schizophrenia samples. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 26, 903–912.
Gillman, M. W. (1996) Enjoy your fruits and vegetables. BMJ, 313, 765–766.
Heimendinger, J. & Van Duyn, M. A. S. (1995) Dietary behaviour change: the challenge of recasting the role of fruit and vegetables in the American diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61, 1397S–1401S.
Hense, H. W., Stender, M., Bors, W., et al (1993) Lack of an association between serum vitamin E and myocardial infarction in a population with high vitamin E levels. Atherosclerosis, 103, 21–28.
Hingorami, A. D. & Vallance, P. (1999) A simple computer programme for guiding management of cardiovascular risk factors and prescribing. BMJ, 318, 101–105.
John, J. H., Ziebland, S., Yudkin, P., et al (2002) Effects of fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma antioxidant concentrations of blood pressure: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 359, 1969–1674.
Kay, S. R., Fiszbein, A. & Opler, L. A. (1987) The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13, 261–276.
Kelly, C. & McCreadie, R. G. (1999) Smoking habits, current symptoms and premorbid characteristics of Nithsdale schizophrenic patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1751–1757.
Lavin, M. R., Siris, S. G. & Mason, S. E. (1996) What is the clinical importance of cigarette smoking in schizophrenia?
American Journal of Addiction, 5, 189–208.
Lowther, M. P., Mutrie, N., Loughlan, C., et al (1999) Development of a Scottish physical activity questionnaire: a tool for use in physical activity interventions. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 33, 244–249.
Lowther, M. P., Mutrie, N. & Scott, E. M. (2002) Promoting physical activity in a socially and economically deprived community: a 12 month randomised controlled trial of fitness assessment and exercise consultation. Sport Science, 20, 577–588.
Manson, J. E., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., et al (1990) A prospective study of obesity and risk of coronary heart disease in women. New England Journal of Medicine, 323, 882–889.
McCreadie, R. G., Macdonald, E., Blacklock, C., et al (1998) Dietary intake of schizophrenic patients in Nithsdale, Scotland: case–controlstudy. BMJ, 317, 784–785.
Meyer, J. M. (2001) Novel antipsychotics and severe hyperlipidemia. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21, 369–374.
Mortensen, P. B. & Juel, K. (1993) Mortality and causes of death in first admitted schizophrenic patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 183–189.
NHS Executive (1999) Health Service Circular 1999/107. London: NHSE.
Newcomer, J. W., Haupt, D. W., Fucetola, R., et al (2002) Abnormalities in glucose regulation during antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 337–345.
Osler, M., Tjonneland, A., Suntum, M., et al (2002) Does the association between smoking status and selected healthy foods depend on gender? A population-based study of 54417 middle-aged Danes. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56, 57–63.
Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Department of Health Report on Health and Social Subjects. London: HMSO.
Phelan, M., Stradins, L. & Morrison, S. (2001) Physical health of people with severe mental illness. BMJ, 322, 443–444.
Scottish Executive Health Department (1998) The Scottish Health Survey, vols I and II. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Health Department.
Scottish Office Department of Health (1996) Eating for Health: a Diet Action Plan for Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Office Department of Health.
Scottish Office Department of Health (1999) Towards a Healthier Scotland. White Paper on Health. Edinburgh: Stationery Office.
Smith, R. (1985) ‘Gissa job’. The experience of unemployment. BMJ, 291, 1263–1266.
Waldron, G., Chalmers, J., Bone, A., et al (1995) Health and Lifestyles in Dumfries and Galloway in 1995. Dumfries: Dumfries and Galloway. Health Board.
Wood, D., Durrington, P., Poulter, N., et al (1998) Joint British recommendations on prevention of coronary heart disease in clinical practice. Heart, 80 (suppl. 2), S1–S29.