Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder

  • Jonathan Hill (a1)
Abstract
Background

Antisocial personality disorder is usually preceded by serious and persistent conduct problems starting in early childhood, and so there is little difficulty in identifying an at-risk group.

Aims

To address six key areas concerning the relationship between early conduct problems and antisocial personality disorder.

Method

Review of recent research into early identification of and intervention in child conduct problems, following up to possible adult antisocial behaviour.

Results

Conduct problems are predictive of antisocial personality disorder independently of the associated adverse family and social factors. Prediction could be aided through identification of subtypes of conduct problems. There is limited evidence on which children have problems that are likely to persist and which will improve; children who desist from early conduct problems and those with onset in adolescence are also vulnerable as adults.

Conclusions

The predictive power of the childhood precursors of antisocial personality disorder provides ample justification for early intervention. Greater understanding of subgroups within the broad category of antisocial children and adults should assist with devising and targeting interventions.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Aguilar, B. Sroufe, L. A. Egeland, B. et al (2000) Distinguishing the early-onset/persistent and adolescence-onset antisocial behaviour types: from birth to sixteen years. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 109132.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM–IV). Washington, DC: APA.
Barry, C. T. Frick, P. J. DeShazo, T. M. et al (2000) The importance of callous–unemotional traits for extending the concept of psychopathy to children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 335340.
Belsky, J. Hsieh, K-H. & Crnic, K. (1998) Mothering, fathering, and infant negativity as antecedents of boys' externalising problems and inhibition at age 3 years: differential susceptibility to rearing experience? Development and Psychopathology, 10, 301320.
Blair, R. J. R. & Coles, M. (2003) Expression recognition and behavioural problems of early adolescence. Cognitive Development, in press.
Blair, R. J. R. Sellars, C. Strickland, I. et al (1995) Emotion attributions in psychopathy. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 431437.
Blair, R. J. R. Jones, L. Clark, F. et al (1997) The psychopathic individual: a lack of responsiveness to distress cues? Psychophysiology, 34, 192198.
Chaplin, T. C. Rice, M. E. & Harris, G. T. (1995) Salient victim suffering and perceptual responses of child molesters. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 249255.
Dodge, K. A. & Coie, J. D. (1987) Social information-processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children's peer groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 11461157.
Dodge, K. A. Lochman, J. E. Harnish, J. D. et al (1997) Reactive and proactive aggression in school children and psychiatrically impaired chronically assaultative youths. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 3751.
Farrington, D. P. Loeber, R. & Van Kammen, W. B. (1990) Long-term criminal outcomes of hyperactivity–impulsivity–attention-deficit and conduct problems in childhood. In Straight and Devious Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood (eds Robins, L. N. & Rutter, M. R.), pp. 6281. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fergusson, D. M. Lynskey, M. T. & Horwood, L. J. (1996) Factors associated with continuity and changes in disruptive behavior patterns between childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 24, 533553.
Hart, S. D. & Hare, R. D. (1989) Discriminant validity of the Psychopathy Checklist in a forensic psychiatric population. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1, 211218.
Henry, B. Caspi, A. Moffitt, T. E. et al (1996) Temperamental and familial predictors of violent and non-violent criminal convictions: from age 3 to age 18. Development Psychopathology, 32, 614623.
Hill, J. (2002) Biological, psychological and social processes in the conduct disorders. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 43, 133164.
Kazdin, A. E. (1997) Parent management training: evidence, outcomes and issues. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 13491356.
Kazdin, A. E. (2000) Treatment of conduct disorders. In Conduct Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence (eds Hill, J. & Maughan, B.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LeMarquand, D. Tremblay, R. & Vitaro, R. (2001) The prevention of conduct disorder: are view of successful and unsuccessful experiments. In Conduct Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence (eds Hill, J. & Maughan, B.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Loeber, R. Wung, P. Keenan, K. et al (1993) Developmental pathways in disruptive child behaviour. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 101132.
Loeber, R. Green, S. M. Lahey, B. B. et al (2000) Physical fighting in childhood as a risk factor for later mental health problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 421428.
Loney, B. R. Frick, P. J. Ellis, M. et al (1998) Intelligence, psychopathy, and antisocial behaviour. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioural Assessment, 20, 231247.
Lynam, D. R. (1996) The early identification of chronic offenders: who is the fledgling psychopath? Psychological Bulletin, 120, 209234.
Lynam, D. R. (1998) Early identification of the fledgling psychopath: locating the psychopathic child in the current nomenclature. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 566575.
Moffitt, T. E. Caspi, A. Dickson, N. et al (1996) Childhood-onset versus adolescent-onset antisocial conduct in males: natural history from 3 to 18. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 399424.
Moffitt, T. E. Caspi, A. Harrington, H. et al (2002) Males on the life-course persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways: follow-up at age 26. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 179207.
Robins, L. N. (1966) Deviant Children Grown-Up: A Sociological and Psychiatric Study of Sociopathic Personalities. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.
Robins, L. N. & Price, R. K. (1991) Adult disorders predicted by childhood conduct problems: results from the NIMH Epidemiological Catchment Area Project. Psychiatry, 542, 116132.
Routh, C. P. Hill, J. W. Steele, H. et al (1995) Maternal attachment status, psychosocial stressors and problem behaviour: follow-up after parent training courses for conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 11791198.
Ruma, P. R. Burke, R. V. & Thompson, R. W. (1996) Group parent training: is it effective for children of all ages? Behavior Therapy, 27, 159169.
Sampson, R. J. & Laub, J. H. (1994) Urban poverty and the family context of delinquency: a new look at structure and process in a classic study. Child Development, 65, 523540.
Shaw, D. S. Owens, E. B. Vondra, J. I. et al (1996) Early risk factors and pathways in the development of early disruptive behavioural problems. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 679700.
Stevens, D. Charman, T. & Blair, R. J. R. (2001) Recognition of emotion in facial expressions and vocal tones in children with psychopathic tendencies. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 162, 201211.
Swanson, J. M. Kraemer, H. C. Hinshaw, S. P. et al (2001) Clinical relevance of the primary findings of the MTA: success rates based on severity of ADHD and ODD symptoms at the end of treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 168179.
Tremblay, R. E. Masse, L. C. Vitaro, F. et al (1995) The impact of friends'deviant behaviour on early onset of delinquency: longitudinal data from six to thirteen years of age. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 649668.
Woodward, L. J. & Fergusson, D. M. (1999) Childhood peer relationship problems and psychosocial adjustment in late adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 87104.
Wooton, J. N. Frick, P. J. Shelton, K. K. et al (1997) Ineffective parenting and childhood conduct problems: the moderating role of callous–unemotional traits. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 301308.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Early identification of individuals at risk for antisocial personality disorder

  • Jonathan Hill (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *