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Effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure: 11-year longitudinal population study

  • Bjørn Hildrum (a1), Arnstein Mykletun (a2), Jostein Holmen (a3) and Alv A. Dahl (a4)
Abstract
Background

The long-term effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure is unclear.

Aims

To examine the prospective association of anxiety and depression with change in blood pressure in a general population.

Method

Data on 36530 men and women aged 20–78 years participating in the Nord-Tr⊘ndelag Health Study (HUNT) in Norway in 1984–86 were re-examined 11 years later.

Results

A high symptom level of anxiety and depression at baseline predicted low systolic blood pressure (< 10th percentile) at follow-up (OR=1.30, 95% CI 1.08–1.57) when those with low systolic blood pressure at baseline were excluded. Change in symptom level of anxiety and depression between baseline and follow-up was inversely associated with change in systolic blood pressure. For diastolic blood pressure, the findings were weaker or non-significant.

Conclusions

Symptoms of anxiety and depression predicted lower blood pressure 11 years later.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Bjørn Hildrum, Department of Psychiatry, Namsos Hospital, N-7800 Namsos, Norway. Email: bjorn.hildrum@hnt.no
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

B.H. has received financial support from H. Lundbeck. Funding detailed in Acknowledgements.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
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Effect of anxiety and depression on blood pressure: 11-year longitudinal population study

  • Bjørn Hildrum (a1), Arnstein Mykletun (a2), Jostein Holmen (a3) and Alv A. Dahl (a4)
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