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Ethnic variations in pathways to and use of specialist mental health services in the UK: Systematic review

  • Kamaldeep Bhui (a1), Stephen Stansfeld (a1), Sally Hull (a2), Stefan Priebe (a1), Funke Mole (a1) and Gene Feder (a2)...
Abstract
Background

Inequalities of service use across ethnic groups are important to policy makers, service providers and service users.

Aims

To identify ethnic variations in pathways to specialist mental health care, continuity of contact, voluntary and compulsory psychiatric in-patient admissions; to assess the methodological strength of the findings.

Method

A systematic review of all quantitative studies comparing use of mental health services by more than one ethnic group in the UK. Narrative analysis supplemented by meta-analysis, where appropriate.

Results

Most studies compared Black and White patients, finding higher rates of in-patient admission among Black patients. The pooled odds ratio for compulsory admission, Black patients compared with White patients, was 4.31 (95% CI 3.33–5.58). Black patients had more complex pathways to specialist care, with some evidence of ethnic variations in primary care assessments.

Conclusions

There is strong evidence of variation between ethnic groups for voluntary and compulsory admissions, and some evidence of variation in pathways to specialist care.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Kamaldeep Bhui, Department of Psychiatry, Barts and the London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. e-mail: k.s.bhui@mds.qmw.ac.uk
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Declaration of interest

None. Funding from London National Health Service Research and Development.

Footnotes
References
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Ethnic variations in pathways to and use of specialist mental health services in the UK: Systematic review

  • Kamaldeep Bhui (a1), Stephen Stansfeld (a1), Sally Hull (a2), Stefan Priebe (a1), Funke Mole (a1) and Gene Feder (a2)...
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