Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the general population: Five-centre analysis from the ODIN study

  • Patricia R. Casey (a1), Graham Dunn (a2), Brendan D. Kelly (a1), Gail Birkbeck (a3), Odd Stefan Dalgard (a4), Ville Lehtinen (a5), Sohlam Britta (a5), Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos (a6), Christopher Dowrick (a7) and ODIN Group...
Abstract
Background

Very few studies have examined the cross-national prevalence of suicidal ideation in the general population or variables associated with it.

Aims

To examine the risk factors for suicidal ideas in the general population.

Method

As part of a five-country two stage epidemiological study of depressive disorder (the ODIN study) a random sample of over 12 000 people were screened using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). There followed detailed analysis of item 9 of the BDI, which measured the severity of suicidal ideation.

Results

Age, marriage, concern by others and severity of depressed mood independently increased or decreased the odds of suicidal ideation overall. An interaction between life events and social supports was identified, although this differed between men and women. Only concern by others and severity of depression were independently associated with serious suicidal ideation. The study does not allow for interpretation of the direction of the association.

Conclusions

A number of social, clinical and demographic variables were independently associated with all suicidal ideation and with serious suicidal ideation. Longitudinal studies are required to confirm whether these are risk factors for or the result of suicidal ideation or have some other relationship.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the general population
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the general population
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the general population
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Patricia Casey, Department of Psychiatry, Matermisericordiae University Hospital, Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland. Tel: +(0)353 1 8032176; fax: +(0)353 1 8309323; email: apsych@mater.ie
Footnotes
Hide All

Declaration of interest

None.

Funding detailed in Acknowledgements.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Alexopoulos, G. S., Bruce, M. L., Hull, J., et al (1999) Clinical determinants of suicidal ideation and behaviour in geriatric depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 10481053.
Beck, A., Ward, C., Mendelson, M., et al (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561571.
Bertolote, J. M., Fleishmann, A., De Leo, D., et al (2005) Suicide attempts, plans, and ideation in culturally diverse sites: the WHO SUPRE-MISS community survey. Psychological Medicine, 35, 14571465.
Brugha, T., Bebbington, P., Tennant, C., et al (1985) The List of Threatening Experiences: a subset of 12 life event categories with considerable long-term contextual threat. Psychological Medicine, 15, 189194.
Cantor, C. H., Leenaars, A. A., Lester, D., et al (1996) Suicide trends in eight predominantly English-speaking countries 1960–1989. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 31, 364373.
Dowrick, C., Casey, P., Dalgard, O., et al (1998) The Outcomes of Depression International Network (ODIN): background, methods and field trials. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 359363.
Fanous, A. H., Prescott, C. A. & Kendler, K. S. (2004) The prediction of thoughts of death or self-harm in a population-based sample of female twins. Psychological Medicine, 34, 301312.
Goldney, R. D., Wilson, D., Dal Grande, E., et al (2000) Suicidal ideation in a random community sample: attributable risk due to depression and psychological and traumatic events. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 98106.
Goldney, R. D., Fisher, L. J., Wilson, D. H., et al (2001) Suicidal ideation and health related quality of life in the community. Medical Journal of Australia, 175, 546549.
Gunnell, D., Harbord, R., Singleton, N., et al (2004) Factors influencing the dvelopment and amelioration of suicidal thoughts in the general population. Cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 385393.
Hintikka, J., Pesonen, T., Saarinen, P., et al (2001) Suicidal ideation in the Finnish general population. A 12-month follow-up study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 590594.
Nosikov, A. & Gudex, C. (2003) EUROHIS: Developing Common Instruments for Health Surveys. Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Renberg, E. S. (2001) Self-reported life-weariness, death-wishes, suicidal ideation, suicidal plans and suicide attempts in general population surveys in the north of Sweden 1986 and 1996. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 429435.
Schmidtke, A., Bille-Brahe, U., DeLeo, D., et al (1996) Attempted suicide in Europe: rates, trends and sociodemographic characteristics of suicide attempters during the period 1989–1992. Results of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Parasuicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 93, 327338.
Turvey, C., Stromquist, A., Kelly, K., et al (2002) Financial loss and suicidal ideation in a rural community sample. Acta Psychiatrica Scandanavica, 106, 373380.
Weissman, M. M., Bland, R. C., Canino, G. J., et al (1999) Prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in nine countries. Psychological Medicine, 29, 917.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the general population: Five-centre analysis from the ODIN study

  • Patricia R. Casey (a1), Graham Dunn (a2), Brendan D. Kelly (a1), Gail Birkbeck (a3), Odd Stefan Dalgard (a4), Ville Lehtinen (a5), Sohlam Britta (a5), Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos (a6), Christopher Dowrick (a7) and ODIN Group...
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *