Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Focus on psychiatry in Italy

  • Marco Piccinelli (a1), Pierluigi Politi (a2) and Francesco Barale (a2)
Extract

Italy has experienced a significant change in its mental health sector, with a radical shift from old mental institutions to new community-based psychiatric services. The Italian experience attracted international attention and, in some instances, led to similar changes occurring abroad. Recently, economic considerations are imposing additional challenges on the health care system in general, with psychiatry facing distinct and peculiar problems due to its unique organisation and objectives. This paper aims:

(a) to provide a historical overview of the changes in mental health provision in Italy over the past century;

(b) to describe the present organisation of mental health services;

(c) to show the impact of financing on the mental health sector;

(d) to acknowledge the education and training programmes in mental health;

(e) to outline research directions and activities.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Focus on psychiatry in Italy
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Focus on psychiatry in Italy
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Focus on psychiatry in Italy
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Bacigalupi, M., Cecere, F., Arca, M., et al (1988) La mortalità dei ricoverati negli Ospedali Psichiatrici della Regione Lazio: primi risultati. Epidemiologia e Prevenzione, 34, 3643.
Barbato, A., Terzian, E., Saraceno, B., et al (1992a) Outcome of discharged psychiatric patients after short inpatient treatment: an Italian collaborative study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 27, 192197.
Barbate, A., Terzian, E., Saraceno, B., et al (1992b) Patterns of aftercare for psychiatric patients discharged after short in patient treatment. An Italian collaborative study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 27, 4652.
Bignami, G., de Girolamo, G., Fava, G. A., et al (2000) The impact on the international literature of the scientific production of Italian researchers, in the disciplines of ‘psychiatry’ and ‘psychology’. A bibliometric evaluation. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 9, 1125.
Bollini, P. & Mollica, R. F. (1989) Surviving without the asylum. An overview of the studies on the Italian reform movement. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 607615.
Coggi, G., Curtoni, S. E., Danieli, G., et al (1996) Guida all'Applicazione del Nuovo Ordinamento Didattico (GU n. 255, 30 October 1996), 75012 Medicina e Chirurgia. Ancona: II Lavoro Editoriale.
Commodari, B. & Commodari, E. (1999) II dipartimento di psichiatria alle soglie del 2000. In I Servizi Psichiatrici nella Sanità Riformata (eds Scapicchio, P. L. & Trabucchi, M.), pp. 171240. Bologna: II Mulino.
Crepet, P. (1990) A transition period in psychiatric care in Italy ten years alter the reform. British Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 2736.
D'Avanzo, B., Frattura, L., Barbui, C., et al (1999) The QUALYOP project. I. Monitoring the dismantlement of Italian psychiatric hosptials. Characteristics of patients scheduled for discharge. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 45, 7992.
de Girolamo, G. & Cozza, M. (2000) The Italian psychiatric reform. A 20-year perspective. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 23, 197214.
De Salvia, D. & Barbato, A. (1993) Recent trends in mental health services in Italy. An analysis of national and local data. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 38, 195202.
Erlicher, A. & Rossi, G. (eds) (1999) Manuale di Accreditamento Professionale per il Dipartimento di Salute Mentale. Torino: Centro Scientifico Editore.
Fava, G. A. & Montanari, A. (1998) National trends in behavioural sciences (1981–1996). Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 67, 281301.
Fioritti, A., Lo Russo, L. & Melega, V. (1997) Reform said or done? The case of Emilia-Romagna within the Italian psychiatric context. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 9498.
Frattura, L. (2000) Verso una nuova generazione di pratiche di governo locale per uno sviluppo equo e socialmente sostenibile. L'ennesima utopia? In II volo dell'Airone. Lavoro, Casa, Gruppi, Impresa Sociale, Patti Territoriali, Pratiche Innovative di Salute Mentale: il Progetto Horizon “Airone” (eds R. Barone, V. Bellia & Cooperativa Sociale Narciso), pp. 160178. Milano: Franco Angeli.
Frattura, L. & D'Avanzo, B. (1998) Monitoring the Italian psychiatric hospitals closure. The QUALYOP project. Mental Health Care, 11, 334336.
Frisanco, R. (1997) Indagine Sulla Qualità dei Servizi di Salute Mentale. Rapporto di Indagine su 48 Dipartimenti di Salute Mentale. Rome: Italian Institute of Social Medicine.
Gruppo Nazionale PROGRES (2001) Psychiatric residential facilities in Italy. Results from phase 1 of the PROGRES project. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 10, 260275.
Istituto Italiano di Medicina Sociale (1997) Rilevazione delle Strutture e dei Servizi Psichiatrici Pubblici e Privati e del Personale in Essi Operante alla data del 31.12.1996. Rome: Istituto Italiano di Medicina Sociale.
Ministero della Sanità (1998) Stato di Attuazione del Processo di Superamento degli Ospedali Psichiatrici e di Realizzazione dei Dipartimenti di Salute Mentale (Legge N. 449/1997), vol I e II, a cura dei Dipartimenti della Prevenzione e della Programmazione. Roma: Ministero della Sanità.
Morosini, P. L., de Girolamo, G., Picardi, A., et al (eds) (2001) Progetto Nazionale Salute Mentale. Rapporto Conclusivo. (Rapporti ISTISAN 01/27.) Rome: Istitute Superiore di Sanità.
Munizza, C., Tibaldi, G., Bollini, P., et al (1995) Prescription pattern of antidepressants in out-patient psychiatric practice. Psychological Medicine, 25, 771778.
Munizza, C., Donna, G. & Nieddu, S. (eds) (1999) Finanziamento e Management del Dipartimento di Salute Mentale. Bologna: II Mulino.
Sasso, L. (2001) Nurse ‘emergency’ in Italy. International Nursing Perspectives, 1, 5054.
Scapiccho, P. L. & Trabucchi, M. (eds) (1999) I Servizi Psichiatrici nella Sanità Riformata. Bologna: II Mulino.
Tansella, M., De Salvia, D. & Williams, P. (1987) The Italian psychiatric reform: some quantitative evidence. Social Psychiatry, 22, 220224.
Tansella, M., Balestrieri, M., Meneghelli, G., et al (1991) 1. Trends in the provision of psychiatric care 1979–1988. Psychological Medicine (suppl. 19), 516.
Tibaldi, G., Munizza, C., Bollini, P., et al (1997) Utilization of neuroleptic drugs in Italian mental health services. A survey in Piedmont. Psychiatric Services, 48, 213217.
Valenti, M., Necozione, S., Busellu, G., et al (1997) Mortality in psychiatric hospital patients. A cohort analysis of prognostic factors. International Journal of Epidemiology, 26, 12271235.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Focus on psychiatry in Italy

  • Marco Piccinelli (a1), Pierluigi Politi (a2) and Francesco Barale (a2)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *