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Gender differences in reoffending after discharge from medium-secure units: National cohort study in England and Wales

  • Anthony Maden (a1), Petros Skapinakis (a2), Glyn Lewis (a3), Fiona Scott (a1), Rachel Burnett (a4) and Elizabeth Jamieson (a5)...
Abstract
Background

Previous research has shown that there are gender differences in reoffending after discharge from medium-secure units, but these have not been adequately explained.

Aims

To investigate gender differences in reoffending after discharge from medium-secure psychiatric units.

Method

All people discharged from medium-secure units in England and Wales between April 1997 and March 1998 were followed up for 1 year (n=959; 12% women). Reoffending was estimated by collecting reconviction data from the Home Office's Offenders' Index or from files at the mental health unit up to 2 years after discharge.

Results

Women were less likely than men to be reconvicted within 2 years of discharge (9% v. 16%, OR=0.49, 95% CI 0.25 – 0.98). Adjustments for history of self-harm, drug or alcohol problems and previous offending substantially reduced the gender difference. In the full model the OR was 0.97 (95% CI 0.45–2.12).

Conclusions

Some or all of the gender differences in reoffending between men and women are explained by self-harm, alcohol and drug problems and previous criminal history.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Professor Anthony Maden, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Academic Centre, West London Mental Health NHS Trust, Southall, Middlesex UB1 3EU, UK. Email: a.maden@ic.ac.uk
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Gender differences in reoffending after discharge from medium-secure units: National cohort study in England and Wales

  • Anthony Maden (a1), Petros Skapinakis (a2), Glyn Lewis (a3), Fiona Scott (a1), Rachel Burnett (a4) and Elizabeth Jamieson (a5)...
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