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Invited commentary on … Confusing procedures with process in cognitive bias modification research

  • Ioana A. Cristea (a1) (a2), Robin N. Kok (a3) (a4) (a5) and Pim Cuijpers (a5)
Summary

The notion that cognitive bias modification should be appraised exclusively on the basis of trials where its postulated mechanisms were successfully changed starkly contradicts the standards of evidence-based psychotherapy. In the laboratory or as a treatment, cognitive bias modification cannot continue to eschew the rigorous scrutiny applied to other interventions.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Ioana A. Cristea, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Babeş-Bolyai University, Republicii Street 37, 400015, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Email: ioana.cristea@ubbcluj.ro
Footnotes
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See analysis, pp. 266–271, this issue.

Declaration of Interest

None

Footnotes
References
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1 Page, MJ, McKenzie, JE, Kirkham, J, Dwan, K, Kramer, S, Green, S, et al. Bias due to selective inclusion and reporting of outcomes and analyses in systematic reviews of randomised trials of healthcare interventions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 10: MR000035.
2 Cristea, IA, Kok, RN, Cuijpers, P. Efficacy of cognitive bias modification interventions in anxiety and depression: meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry 2015; 206: 716.
3 Harris, LM, Menzies, RG. Changing attentional bias: can it effect self-reported anxiety? Anxiety Stress Coping 1998; 11: 167–79.
4 Heeren, A, Reese, HE, McNally, RJ, Philippot, P. Attention training toward and away from threat in social phobia: effects on subjective, behavioral, and physiological measures of anxiety. Behav Res Ther 2012; 50: 30–9.
5 Hirsch, CR, Mathews, A, Clark, DM. Inducing an interpretation bias changes self-imagery: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther 2007; 45: 2173–81.
6 Murphy, R, Hirsch, CR, Mathews, A, Smith, K, Clark, DM. Facilitating a benign interpretation bias in a high socially anxious population. Behav Res Ther 2007; 45: 1517–29.
7 Cuijpers, P, Berking, M, Andersson, G, Quigley, L, Kleiboer, A, Dobson, KS. A meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult depression, alone and in comparison with other treatments. Can J Psychiatry 2013; 58: 376–85.
8 Kazdin, AE. Mediators and mechanisms of change in psychotherapy research. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2007; 3: 127.
9 Koster, EHW, Bernstein, A. Introduction to the special issue on cognitive bias modification: taking a step back to move forward? J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2015; 49: 14.
10 MacLeod, C, Mathews, A. Cognitive bias modification approaches to anxiety. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2012; 8: 189217.
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Invited commentary on … Confusing procedures with process in cognitive bias modification research

  • Ioana A. Cristea (a1) (a2), Robin N. Kok (a3) (a4) (a5) and Pim Cuijpers (a5)
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