Wulsin, LR, Singal, BM.
Do depressive symptoms increase the risk for the onset of coronary disease? A systematic quantitative review. Psychosom Med
2003; 65: 201–10.
Van der Kooy, K, van Hout, H, Marwijk, H, Marten, H, Stehouwer, C, Beekman, A.
Depression and the risk for cardiovascular diseases: systematic review and meta analysis. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2007; 22: 613–26.
Nicholson, A, Kuper, H, Hemingway, H.
Depression as an aetiologic and prognostic factor in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of 6362 events among 146 538 participants in 54 observational studies. Eur Heart J
2006; 27: 2763–74.
Van Melle, JP, De Jonge, P, Spijkerman, TA, Tijssen, JG, Ormel, J, van Veldhuisen, DJ, et al.
Prognostic association of depression following myocardial infarction with mortality and cardiovascular events: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med
2004; 66: 814–22.
Barth, J, Schumacher, M, Herrmann-Lingen, C.
Depression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med
2004; 66: 802–13.
Meijer, A, Conradi, HJ, Bos, EH, Thombs, BD, van Melle, JP, de Jonge, P.
Prognostic association of depression following myocardial infarction and cardiovascular events: a meta-analysis of 25 years of research. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
2011; 33: 203–16.
Roest, AM, Martens, EJ, de Jonge, P, Denollet, J.
Anxiety and risk of incident coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol
2010; 56: 38–46.
Janszky, I, Ahnve, S, Lundberg, I, Hemmingsson, T.
Early-onset depression, anxiety, and risk of subsequent coronary heart disease: 37-year follow-up of 49,321 young Swedish men. J Am Coll Cardiol
2010; 56: 31–7.
Van Hout, HPJ, Beekman, ATF, de Beurs, E, Comijs, H, van Marwijk, H, de Haan, M, et al.
Anxiety and the risk of death in older men and women. Br J Psychiatry
2004; 185: 399–404.
Phillips, AC, Batty, GD, Gale, CR, Deary, IJ, Osborn, D, MacIntyre, K, et al.
Generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, and their commorbidity as predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the Vietnam experience study. Psychosom Med
2009; 71: 395–403.
Holwerda, TJ, Schoevers, RA, Dekker, J, Deeg, DJ, Jonker, C, Beekman, AT.
The relationship between generalized anxiety disorder, depression and mortality in old age. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2007; 22: 241–9.
Roest, AM, Martens, EJ, Denollet, J, de Jonge, P.
Prognostic association of anxiety post myocardial infarction with mortality and new cardiac events: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med
2010; 72: 563–9.
Frasure-Smith, N, Lespérance, F.
Depression and anxiety as predictors of 2-year cardiac events in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2008; 65: 62–71.
Brennan, C, Worrall-Davies, A, McMillan, D, Gilbody, S, House, A.
The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: a diagnostic meta-analysis of case-finding ability. J Psychosom Res
2010; 69: 371–8.
Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB, Monahan, PO, Löwe, B.
Anxiety disorders in primary care: prevalence, impairment, comorbidity, and detection. Ann Intern Med
2007; 146: 317–25.
Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB, Löwe, B.
The Patient Health Questionnaire Somatic, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptom Scales: a systematic review. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
2010; 32: 345–59.
Measuring anxiety: are we getting what we need? Depress Anxiety
2005; 22: 1–10.
Beuke, CJ, Fischer, R, McDowall, J.
Anxiety and depression: why and how to measure their separate effects. Clin Psychol Rev
2003; 23: 831–48.
Martens, EJ, de Jonge, P, Na, B, Cohen, BE, Lett, H, Whooley, MA.
Scared to death? Generalized anxiety disorder and cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary heart disease. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2010; 67: 750–8.
Parker, GB, Owen, CA, Brotchie, HL, Hyett, MP.
The impact of differing anxiety disorders on outcome following an acute coronary syndrome: time to start worrying? Depress Anxiety
2010; 27: 302–9.
The structure of common mental disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry
1999; 56: 921–6.
Vollebergh, WA, Iedema, J, Bijl, RV, de Graaf, R, Smit, F, Ormel, J.
The structure and stability of common mental disorders: the NEMESIS study. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2001; 58: 597–603.
Lamers, F, van Oppen, P, Comijs, HC, Smit, JH, Spinhoven, P, van Balkom, AJ, et al.
Comorbidity patterns of anxiety and depressive disorders in a large cohort study: the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). J Clin Psychiatry
2011; 72: 341–8.
Spijkerman, T, de Jonge, P, van den Brink, RH, Jansen, JH, May, JF, Crijns, HJ, et al.
Depression following myocardial infarction: first-ever versus ongoing and recurrent episodes. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
2005; 27: 411–7.
Spijkerman, TA, van den Brink, RH, Jansen, JH, Crijns, HJ, Ormel, J.
Who is at risk of post-myocardial infarction depressive symptoms? J Psychosom Res
2005; 58: 425–32.
Spijkerman, TA, van den Brink, RH, May, JF, Winter, JB, van Melle, JP, de Jonge, P, et al.
Decreased impact of post-myocardial infarction depression on cardiac prognosis? J Psychosom Res
2006; 61: 493–9.
Kaptein, KI, de Jonge, P, van den Brink, RH, Korf, J.
Course of depressive symptoms after myocardial infarction and cardiac prognosis: a latent class analysis. Psychosom Med
2006; 68: 662–8.
de Jonge, P, van den Brink, RH, Spijkerman, TA, Ormel, J.
Only incident depressive episodes after myocardial infarction are associated with new caridovascular events. J Am Coll Cardiol
2006; 48: 2204–8.
World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research. WHO, 1993.
Reliability and validity studies of the WHO-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI): a critical review. J Psychiatr Res
1994; 28: 57–84.
Strik, JJMH, Denollet, J, Lousberg, R, Honig, A.
Comparing symptoms of depression and anxiety as predictors of cardiac events and increased health care consumption after myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol
2003; 42: 1801–7.
Martens, EJ, Nyklícek, I, Szsabó, BM, Kupper, N.
Depression and anxiety as predictors of heart rate variability after myocardial infarction. Psychol Med
2008; 38: 375–83.
Watkins, LL, Blumenthal, JA, Carney, RM.
Association of anxiety with reduced baroreflex cardiac control in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Am Heart J
2002; 143: 460–6.
Cameron, OG, Smith, CB, Lee, MA, Hollingsworth, PJ, Hill, EM, Curtis, GC.
Adrenergic status in anxiety disorders: platelet alpha 2-adrenergic receptor binding, blood pressure, pulse, and plasma catecholamines in panic and generalized anxiety disorder patients and in normal subjects. Biol Psychiatry
1990; 28: 3–20.
Pitsavos, C, Panagiotakos, DB, Papageorgiou, C, Tsetsekou, E, Soldatos, C, Stefanadis, C.
Anxiety in relation to inflammation and coagulation markers, among healthy adults: the ATTICA study. Atherosclerosis
2006; 185: 320–6.
Bonnet, F, Irving, K, Terra, JL, Nony, P, Berthezène, F, Moulin, P.
Anxiety and depression are associated with unhealthy lifestyle in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis
2005; 178: 339–44.
Benninghoven, D, Kaduk, A, Wiegand, U, Specht, T, Kunzendorf, S, Jantschek, G.
Influence of anxiety on the course of heart disease after acute myocardial infarction – risk factor or protective function? Psychother Psychosom
2006; 75: 56–61.
Kuhl, EA, Fauerbach, JA, Bush, DE, Ziegelstein, RC.
Relation of anxiety and adherence to risk-reducing recommendations following myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol
2009; 103: 1629–34.
Mykletun, A, Bjerkeset, O, Øverland, S, Prince, M, Dewey, M, Stewart, R.
Levels of anxiety and depression as predictors of mortality: the HUNT study. Br J Psychiatry
First-line pharmacotherapy approaches for generalized anxiety disorder. J Clin Psychiatry
2009; 70: 25–31.