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Negative and Depressive Symptoms in Schizophrenia

  • Parmanand Kulhara (a1), Ajit Avasthi (a1), Rakesh Chadda (a1), Kishore Chandiramani (a1), Surendra K. Mattoo (a1), Suresh K. Kota (a1) and Sunny Joseph (a1)...

Abstract

Ninety-five schizophrenic patients were assessed using the Present State Examination, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms. Negative and depressive symptoms were frequent, and significant relationships among negative symptom complexes and depressive syndromes were noted. Retardation, lack of energy, slowness, and other symptoms of depression were significantly associated with the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Depressed affect per se did not have a significant correlation with negative symptoms.

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Negative and Depressive Symptoms in Schizophrenia

  • Parmanand Kulhara (a1), Ajit Avasthi (a1), Rakesh Chadda (a1), Kishore Chandiramani (a1), Surendra K. Mattoo (a1), Suresh K. Kota (a1) and Sunny Joseph (a1)...
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