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No association between bipolar disorder and alleles at a functional polymorphism in the COMT gene

Abstract

Background

There is compelling evidence for the existence of susceptibility genes for bipolar disorder. Association studies using functional DNA variations are an important approach for identifying these genes. The enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays a key role in the degradation of catecholamine neurotransmitters and is a candidate for involvement in bipolar disorder. Recently a common functional genetic polymorphism that underlies population variation in COM Tactivity has been elucidated and a simple assay developed.

Method

In a collaboration involving seven European centres, we have undertaken an association study of this functional polymorphism in 412 unrelated West European caucasian DSM - III-R bipolar patients and 368 ethnically matched controls.

Results

We found no evidence of allelic or genotypic association.

Conclusions

We can conclude that variation at this functional polymorphism does not make an important contribution to bipolar disorder in the Western European population. Future studies using this powerful experimental approach can be expected to contribute to identification of bipolar susceptibility genes.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr Nick Craddock, Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF4 4XN, UK, Fax: 01222 747839; e-mail: craddock@cardiff.ac.uk

References

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No association between bipolar disorder and alleles at a functional polymorphism in the COMT gene

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